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ERIC Number: EJ1166273
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: EISSN-2042-7530
PESTEL Factors for E-Learning Revisited: The 4Es of Tutoring for Value Added Learning
Graham, Deryn
E-Learning and Digital Media, v15 n1 p17-35 Jan 2018
There is a growing prevalence in the use of digital media for education management and international partnerships; however, research continues to reflect the position that the absence of social interaction is a major barrier to a positive on-line learning experience. In 2007, a paper described the application of PESTE (Political, Economic, Social, Technical and Environmental) factors from Sociology to the employment of e-learning, leading to the proposal of PESTE factors for educational software, and e-learning in particular. This paper recaps the findings of the 2007 paper, and revisits the application of the now trans-national framework for the employment of e-learning, before applying PESTEL (Political, Economic, Social, Technical, Environmental and Legal) factors to e-learning. It then proceeds to consider the influence of the latest innovations: MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) and Flipped Learning. Finally, the future of learning technologies is discussed and conclusions drawn, including the 4Es of Tutoring for Value Added Learning.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom