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Showing 1 to 15 of 425 results Save | Export
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Mills, Caitlin; Wu, Jennifer; D'Mello, Sidney – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
We investigated how affective states influence expository text comprehension and whether text valence moderates the effects (i.e., mood congruency). In Experiment 1 participants were randomly assigned to a happy or sad affective state (elicited via films) before reading a positive or negative version of a scientific text on animal adaptations.…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Reading Comprehension, Affective Behavior, Adults
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Järvikivi, Juhani; Schimke, Sarah; Pyykkönen-Klauck, Pirita – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
We often use pronouns like it or they without explicitly mentioned antecedents. We asked whether the human processing system that resolves such indirect pronouns uses the immediate visual-sensory context in multimodal discourse. Our results showed that people had no difficulty understanding conceptually central referents, whether explicitly…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Discourse Analysis, Semantics, Language Usage
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Baltaretu, Adriana; Krahmer, Emiel; Maes, Alfons – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
Although communicative purposes are an important element in language production, few studies investigate the extent to which they might affect referential choices. In this study we contrast two tasks with different purposes: identification and route directions giving. In Experiment 1 speakers referred to a target building nearby or further away so…
Descriptors: College Students, Foreign Countries, Identification, Expressive Language
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Paul, Johanna; Stadtler, Marc; Bromme, Rainer – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
Due to the increasing educational use of the Internet, children in elementary school need to critically evaluate source information to judge the trustworthiness of information. Studies with adult readers show that sourcing prompts and mutually exclusive claims in reading materials promote the use of source information. However, little is known…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Foreign Countries
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Schmader, Christopher; Horton, William S. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
Speakers in conversation often tailor referring expressions in ways that reflect beliefs about the knowledge and perspectives of specific addressees. In this study we examined whether such audience design can influence speakers' conceptualizations of referents beyond the conversation. In a Wizard-of-Oz paradigm, participants identified novel…
Descriptors: Audience Awareness, Audience Analysis, Design, Man Machine Systems
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Hautasaari, Ari; Yamashita, Naomi; Gao, Ge – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
We explore how native and non-native English speakers interpret cues of emotional expression in native English speakers, text-only messages in two studies. In Experiment 1, 28 native English speakers and 28 Japanese non-native English speakers rated the emotional valence of 98 public Facebook status updates written by native English-speaking…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Computer Mediated Communication, Native Speakers
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Debreslioska, Sandra; Gullberg, Marianne – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
Speakers use speech and gestures to represent referents in discourse. Depending on referents' information status, in speech speakers will vary richness of expression (e.g., lexical noun phrase [NP]/pronoun), nominal definiteness (indefinite/definite), and grammatical role (subject/object). This study tested whether these three linguistic markers…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Nonverbal Communication, Form Classes (Languages), Grammar
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Skalicky, Stephen; Crossley, Scott A. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
Previous investigations of satire posit that satire comprehension is influenced by prior knowledge, satirical strategies, and other demographic features, such as age. However, these claims have not yet been tested using online processing techniques. In this study we investigate satire processing using newspaper headlines from the satirical…
Descriptors: Satire, Newspapers, Journalism, Humor
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Bambini, Valentina; Canal, Paolo; Resta, Donatella; Grimaldi, Mirko – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
Several theoretical proposals tried to account for the meaning open-endedness of metaphors in literature and for the effortful process they trigger in readers. However, very few experiments have tackled the neurophysiological underpinnings of literary metaphor. Here we used Event-Related brain Potentials (ERPs) to explore the temporal dynamics of…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Physiology, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Literature
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Chia, Katherine; Axelrod, Cara; Johnson, Chloe; Bressler, Marly; Cooperman, Hannah; Chu, Amber; Dash, Elizabeth; Di Bella, Julia; Engelhardt, Amanda; Farruggio, Victoria; Folsom, Susannah; Gomariz, Helei; Greiner, Elizabeth; Hager, Sheridan; Hansen, Nicole; Kenefick, Caroline; King, Jessica; King, Khari; Lavaud, Molly; Leone, Elizabeth; McGuire, George; Montanez, Sabrina; Morpeth, Julia; Neumann, Michael; Rivera, Daniella; Sotolongo, Nina; Sparacio, Kaitlyn; Stokes, Kacie; Tarro, Dominic; Treacy, Alysia; Wagler, Kayla; Weitzel, Sarah; Woller, Savannah; Kaschak, Michael P. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
We report an effort to replicate and extend Levelt and Kelter's (1982) Experiment 3. In their study, experimenters phoned businesses and asked, "At what time does your shop close?" or "What time does your shop close?" Participants were more likely to produce prepositional responses (At 7 o'clock) to questions containing a…
Descriptors: Repetition, Interpersonal Communication, Questioning Techniques, Responses
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Mastrantuono, Eliana; Saldaña, David; Rodríguez-Ortiz, Isabel R. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
We tested the capability of deaf adolescents, including a group of users of cochlear implants, to generate inferences during spoken language comprehension and whether they benefited from the use of sign-supported speech (SSS). Stimuli consisted of 24 short video-recorded texts in spoken language and in SSS. Participants responded to literal and…
Descriptors: Deafness, Adolescents, Assistive Technology, Hearing Impairments
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Cranford, Edward A.; Moss, Jarrod – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
The generation of predictive inferences may be difficult when a story leads to multiple possible consequences. The present study examined whether inferences are generated when the story implies two mutually exclusive consequences are nearly equally likely to occur. Experiment 1 used a word-naming task and showed that neither inference was…
Descriptors: Prediction, Inferences, Naming, Reading Rate
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Voutilainen, Liisa; Henttonen, Pentti; Stevanovic, Melisa; Kahri, Mikko; Peräkylä, Anssi – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
In her influential paper on stance, alignment, and affiliation in conversational storytelling, Tanya Stivers argued that two basic conversational means of receiving a story, nods and vocal continuers, differ in their function: whereas vocal continuers display "alignment" with the telling activity, nods, during the mid-telling, convey…
Descriptors: Story Telling, Nonverbal Communication, Empathy, Foreign Countries
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Gordo, Cristina; Moreno-Ríos, Sergio – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
This article explores the illusory transparency phenomenon in childhood and tests two accounts of the phenomenon: the construal and the naïve (pragmatic) accounts. One hundred nine children between 8 and 13 years old participated in an adapted task of illusory transparency. Children read a story in which a character wrote an ambiguous message to…
Descriptors: Intention, Children, Ambiguity (Context), Negative Attitudes
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Spina, Stefania – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
Emoticons play a key role in digital written interactions. Since the 1980s research has highlighted their growing relevance, as they allow to convey increasingly rich emotional, social, and pragmatic information. This article contributes to this area of research by providing an analysis of emoticons as structural markers in Twitter interactions.…
Descriptors: Computer Mediated Communication, Interpersonal Communication, Social Media, Language Usage
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