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Jones, Julie P.; Tiller, Margaret – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 2017
Concrete, Representational, Abstract (CRA) instruction is a process for teaching and learning mathematical concepts. Starting with manipulation of concrete materials (counters, beans, Unifix cubes), the process moves students to the representational level (tallies, dots, stamps), and peaks at the abstract level, at which numbers and symbols are…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Manipulative Materials
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Clyde, Jean Anne; Mills, Heidi – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1993
Illustrates one seven-year-old boy's understanding of mathematical relationships through drawings of his favorite "superheroes." Also illustrates how he conveyed the qualities of his heroes by weaving together the three symbol systems of language, art, and mathematics. (BB)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Freehand Drawing
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Clyde, Jean Anne; Mills, Heidi – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1993
Describes a seven-year-old boy's activity of drawing pictures of his favorite sport of basketball. The boy's drawing involved the use of proportional reasoning, which requires an understanding of how relationships between objects vary systematically. (BB)
Descriptors: Basketball, Childrens Art, Concept Formation, Elementary School Students
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Mills, Heidi; Clyde, Jean Anne – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1992
Profiles a very perceptive teacher of transition and first grade classes and three of his insightful students. The profile illustrates how mathematics is embedded in the activities of everyday life, including playground activities, and how teachers can help young children learn to think as mathematicians think. (BB)
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Experiential Learning