NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Publication Date
In 20200
Since 20190
Since 2016 (last 5 years)1
Education Level
Elementary Education1
Audience
Location
Laws, Policies, & Programs
Assessments and Surveys
What Works Clearinghouse Rating
Showing one result Save | Export
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Jones, Julie P.; Tiller, Margaret – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 2017
Concrete, Representational, Abstract (CRA) instruction is a process for teaching and learning mathematical concepts. Starting with manipulation of concrete materials (counters, beans, Unifix cubes), the process moves students to the representational level (tallies, dots, stamps), and peaks at the abstract level, at which numbers and symbols are…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Manipulative Materials