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Hudson, Susan D.; Thompson, Donna; Mack, Mick G. – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 2001
Discusses the design of playgrounds to maximize play value and minimize risk. Considers four major risk factors--lack of supervision, inappropriate design for children's ages, falls to hard surfaces, and poor equipment maintenance--and discusses ways to design the playground to minimize these risks. (JPB)
Descriptors: Child Safety, Design Requirements, Educational Facilities Design, Playgrounds
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Sloane, Marie W. – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 2000
Presents rationale for using learning centers in early childhood classrooms. Describes teaching strategies to support active learning, including providing open-ended materials, organizing for independence, introducing centers, brainstorming ideas, and extending children's learning. (KB)
Descriptors: Active Learning, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Early Childhood Education
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Basile, Carole; White, Cameron – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 2000
Recommends neighborhood walks as a way to build children's knowledge of environment. Suggests ways of learning about the environment, of nurturing respect for the environment, and of modeling environmental stewardship. Recommends fostering engaged inquiry to facilitate the learning process. (DLH)
Descriptors: Environmental Education, Learning Activities, Modeling (Psychology), Neighborhoods
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Duckworth, Susanna V.; Norton, Terry L. – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 2000
Reviews genesis of fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects in children. Identifies physical characteristics and behavioral indicators found and provides three checklists of observable signs for both disorders. Recommends seven steps for educators to follow in seeking assistance with these conditions. (DLH)
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
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Alexander, Nancy P. – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 2000
Describes the block play of two preschoolers as they recreate their visit to their state capital. Presents the teacher's observations of the skills displayed in their play and the letter to parents explaining what children learn from block play. (KB)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Letters (Correspondence), Observation, Parent Teacher Cooperation
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Freeman, Nancy K.; Corning, Lisa L. – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 2000
Recommends universal precautions policies and procedures to minimize for children and adults in early childhood settings the risk of infection from exposure to blood-borne pathogens such as hepatitis B or HIV. Outlines symptoms of hepatitis B and HIV/AIDS. Discusses legal and ethical implications related to inclusion. Lists resources for teachers…
Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Child Health, Communicable Diseases, Early Childhood Education
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Johnston, Callum B. – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1998
Offers suggestions for selecting appropriate classroom materials and designing an early-childhood classroom in which children learn through play. Focuses on the decisions a beginning teacher needs to make, such as selecting the curriculum, identifying appropriate learning areas, finding intriguing learning materials, selecting comfortable…
Descriptors: Classroom Design, Classroom Environment, Classroom Furniture, Early Childhood Education
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Brett, Arlene – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1997
Argues that computers and related technology can be an important asset in the classrooms of young children with disabilities. Suggests that this technology can promote mobility, communication, and learning; increase independence; augment abilities; compensate for learning challenges; overcome learned helplessness; and foster competence and…
Descriptors: Computer Uses in Education, Developmental Disabilities, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Disabilities
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Wilt, Judith Vander – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1997
Describes how educators and families can foster children's sense of responsibility. Activities noted include interactions that support responsibility, such as asking questions that enable children to see some responsible choices; strategies that encourage learning, such as offering challenging, engaging learning opportunities in an interactive…
Descriptors: Child Responsibility, Educational Strategies, Incentives, Parent Child Relationship
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Stanberry, Anne M.; Blackwell, Ann P. – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1997
Advocates public policy education in higher education and student involvement in state public policy. Discusses ways to incorporate public policy education in university courses in family and consumer sciences curricula at the introductory, advanced, and graduate levels, including writing briefing reports, participating in professional…
Descriptors: Advocacy, College Students, Curriculum Development, Focus Groups
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Bromer, Billi L. – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1999
Describes how simple changes in pretend-play areas can enable children with disabilities to participate more fully in early-learning experiences. Discusses how play reflects cognitive and social skills. Identifies challenges to supporting inclusive pretend play related to environmental barriers and children's characteristics; presents suggestions…
Descriptors: Class Activities, Classroom Environment, Disabilities, Inclusive Schools
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Mangin, Martha C. – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1998
Considers the consequences of adult praise of children, focusing on when praise is dispensed, its indiscriminate use, children's dependence on others' judgment, use of praise to manipulate behavior, and its effect on motivation. Lists questions for evaluating the use of praise. (KB)
Descriptors: Adult Child Relationship, Praise, Preschool Children, Preschool Education
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Abdi, S. Wali; Freilich, Mark B.; Taylor, Satomi Izumi – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1998
Describes science activities for preschool through primary-grade children, focusing on goals of science education, science processes, and characteristics of high-quality science activities. Notes that hands-on activities explore scientific concepts such as volume, gravity, heat conductivity, and condensation. (KB)
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Hands on Science, Parents as Teachers, Science Activities
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Mayfield, Phyllis K.; Chapman, J. Keith – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1998
Examines the effects of drug use during pregnancy on early and later child development, the extent of women's drug use, and behavioral and learning characteristics of children prenatally exposed to drugs. Provides intervention guidelines for early childhood settings including children with prenatal drug exposure, focusing on recommendations for…
Descriptors: Childhood Needs, Early Childhood Education, Early Intervention, Family Programs
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Starnes, Lisa B.; And Others – Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1995
Discusses field trip preparation involving identifying places to visit, communicating with contacts at the sites, enlisting the help of parents, preparing parents, preparing students, and planning follow-up activities. (SW)
Descriptors: Class Activities, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Enrichment Activities
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