NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Source
Developmental Science1268
Audience
Laws, Policies, & Programs
Showing 106 to 120 of 1,268 results Save | Export
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Hall, Matthew L.; Eigsti, Inge-Marie; Bortfeld, Heather; Lillo-Martin, Diane – Developmental Science, 2018
Developmental psychology plays a central role in shaping evidence-based best practices for prelingually deaf children. The Auditory Scaffolding Hypothesis (Conway et al., 2009) asserts that a lack of auditory stimulation in deaf children leads to impoverished implicit sequence learning abilities, measured via an artificial grammar learning (AGL)…
Descriptors: Sequential Learning, Deafness, Grammar, Task Analysis
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Wegener, Signy; Wang, Hua-Chen; Lissa, Peter; Robidoux, Serje; Nation, Kate; Castles, Anne – Developmental Science, 2018
There is an established association between children's oral vocabulary and their word reading but its basis is not well understood. Here, we present evidence from eye movements for a novel mechanism underlying this association. Two groups of 18 Grade 4 children received oral vocabulary training on one set of 16 novel words (e.g., 'nesh', 'coib'),…
Descriptors: Child Language, Oral Language, Vocabulary, Reading Skills
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Park, Joonkoo; van den Berg, Berry; Chiang, Crystal; Woldorff, Marty G.; Brannon, Elizabeth M. – Developmental Science, 2018
Adult neuroimaging studies have demonstrated dissociable neural activation patterns in the visual cortex in response to letters (Latin alphabet) and numbers (Arabic numerals), which suggest a strong experiential influence of reading and mathematics on the human visual system. Here, developmental trajectories in the event-related potential (ERP)…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Neurological Organization, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Alphabets
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Bathelt, Joe; Gathercole, Susan E.; Johnson, Amy; Astle, Duncan E. – Developmental Science, 2018
Working memory (WM) skills are closely associated with learning progress in key areas such as reading and mathematics across childhood. As yet, however, little is known about how the brain systems underpinning WM develop over this critical developmental period. The current study investigated whether and how structural brain correlates of…
Descriptors: Brain, Morphology (Languages), Short Term Memory, Children
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Morey, Candice C.; Mareva, Silvana; Lelonkiewicz, Jaroslaw R.; Chevalier, Nicolas – Developmental Science, 2018
The emergence of strategic verbal rehearsal at around 7 years of age is widely considered a major milestone in descriptions of the development of short-term memory across childhood. Likewise, rehearsal is believed by many to be a crucial factor in explaining why memory improves with age. This apparent qualitative shift in mnemonic processes has…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Mnemonics, Child Development, Qualitative Research
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Yu, Qijing; Daugherty, Ana M.; Anderson, Dana M.; Nishimura, Mayu; Brush, David; Hardwick, Amanda; Lacey, William; Raz, Sarah; Ofen, Noa – Developmental Science, 2018
An individual's socioeconomic status (SES) is often viewed as a proxy for a host of environmental influences. SES disparities have been linked to variance in brain structures particularly the hippocampus, a neural substrate of learning and memory. However, it is unclear whether the association between SES and hippocampal volume is similar in…
Descriptors: Children, Young Adults, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Socioeconomic Status
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Hussak, Larisa J.; Cimpian, Andrei – Developmental Science, 2018
We tested the hypothesis that political attitudes are influenced by an information-processing factor--namely, a bias in the content of everyday explanations. Because many societal phenomena are enormously complex, people's understanding of them often relies on heuristic shortcuts. For instance, when generating explanations for such phenomena…
Descriptors: Political Attitudes, Bias, Predictor Variables, Ideology
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Lany, Jill – Developmental Science, 2018
Children who rapidly recognize and interpret familiar words typically have accelerated lexical growth, providing indirect evidence that lexical processing efficiency (LPE) is related to word-learning ability. Here we directly tested whether children with better LPE are better able to learn novel words. In Experiment 1, 17- and 30-month-olds were…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Word Recognition, Age Differences, Language Processing
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Decety, Jean; Meidenbauer, Kimberly L.; Cowell, Jason M. – Developmental Science, 2018
This developmental neuroscience study examined the electrophysiological responses (EEG and ERPs) associated with perspective taking and empathic concern in preschool children, as well as their relation to parental empathy dispositions and children's own prosocial behavior. Consistent with a body of previous studies using stimuli depicting somatic…
Descriptors: Empathy, Preschool Children, Measurement Equipment, Child Development
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Pun, Anthea; Ferera, Matar; Diesendruck, Gil; Hamlin, J. Kiley; Baron, Andrew Scott – Developmental Science, 2018
Previous research has suggested that infants exhibit a preference for familiar over unfamiliar social groups (e.g., preferring individuals from their own language group over individuals from a foreign language group). However, because past studies often employ forced-choice procedures, it is not clear whether infants' intergroup preferences are…
Descriptors: Infants, Preferences, Familiarity, Social Bias
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Raviv, Limor; Arnon, Inbal – Developmental Science, 2018
Infants, children and adults are capable of extracting recurring patterns from their environment through statistical learning (SL), an implicit learning mechanism that is considered to have an important role in language acquisition. Research over the past 20 years has shown that SL is present from very early infancy and found in a variety of tasks…
Descriptors: Child Development, Age Differences, Learning Processes, Children
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Santillán, Jimena; Khurana, Atika – Developmental Science, 2018
Children from lower socioeconomic (SES) backgrounds tend to be at-risk for executive function (EF) impairments by the time they are in preschool, placing them at an early disadvantage for academic success. The present study examined the potentially protective role of bilingual experience on the development of inhibitory control (IC) in 1146 Head…
Descriptors: Child Development, Bilingualism, Spanish, Preschool Children
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Twomey, Katherine E.; Westermann, Gert – Developmental Science, 2018
Infants are curious learners who drive their own cognitive development by imposing structure on their learning environment as they explore. Understanding the mechanisms by which infants structure their own learning is therefore critical to our understanding of development. Here we propose an explicit mechanism for intrinsically motivated…
Descriptors: Infants, Infant Behavior, Child Development, Learning Processes
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Zamuner, Tania S.; Strahm, Stephanie; Morin-Lessard, Elizabeth; Page, Michael P. A. – Developmental Science, 2018
This research investigates the effect of production on 4.5- to 6-year-old children's recognition of newly learned words. In Experiment 1, children were taught four novel words in a produced or heard training condition during a brief training phase. In Experiment 2, children were taught eight novel words, and this time training condition was in a…
Descriptors: Young Children, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Word Recognition
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Stulp, Freek; Oudeyer, Pierre-Yves – Developmental Science, 2018
To harness the complexity of their high-dimensional bodies during sensorimotor development, infants are guided by patterns of freezing and freeing of degrees of freedom. For instance, when learning to reach, infants free the degrees of freedom in their arm proximodistally, that is, from joints that are closer to the body to those that are more…
Descriptors: Motor Development, Comparative Analysis, Human Body, Perceptual Motor Learning
Pages: 1  |  ...  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  ...  |  85