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West, Gillian; Vadillo, Miguel A.; Shanks, David R.; Hulme, Charles – Developmental Science, 2018
Impaired procedural learning has been suggested as a possible cause of developmental dyslexia (DD) and specific language impairment (SLI). This study examined the relationship between measures of verbal and non-verbal implicit and explicit learning and measures of language, literacy and arithmetic attainment in a large sample of 7 to 8-year-old…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Language Impairments, Young Children, Verbal Learning
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Broadbent, Hannah J.; White, Hayley; Mareschal, Denis; Kirkham, Natasha Z. – Developmental Science, 2018
Multisensory information has been shown to modulate attention in infants and facilitate learning in adults, by enhancing the amodal properties of a stimulus. However, it remains unclear whether this translates to learning in a multisensory environment across middle childhood, and particularly in the case of incidental learning. One hundred and…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Multisensory Learning, Children, Attention Control
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Perszyk, Danielle R.; Ferguson, Brock; Waxman, Sandra R. – Developmental Science, 2018
The power of human language rests upon its intricate links to human cognition. By 3 months of age, listening to language supports infants' ability to form object categories, a building block of cognition. Moreover, infants display a systematic shift between 3 and 4 months--a shift from familiarity to novelty preferences--in their expression of…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Language Acquisition, Cognitive Ability, Child Development
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Creel, Sarah C. – Developmental Science, 2018
How and when do children become aware that speakers have different accents? While adults readily make a variety of subtle social inferences based on speakers' accents, findings from children are more mixed: while one line of research suggests that even infants may be acutely sensitive to accent unfamiliarity, other studies suggest that 5-year-olds…
Descriptors: Dialects, Pronunciation, Social Cognition, Learning Processes
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Mangardich, Haykaz; Sabbagh, Mark A. – Developmental Science, 2018
Although we know much about the conditions under which children demonstrate selective social learning, we have a limited understanding of the cognitive mechanisms by which children's selectivity manifests. Here, we report findings from a brain electrophysiological (ERP) study designed to determine the extent to which words presented by ignorant…
Descriptors: Children, Socialization, Semantics, Brain
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Margolis, Amy E.; Davis, Katie S.; Pao, Lisa S.; Lewis, Amy; Yang, Xiao; Tau, Gregory; Zhao, Guihu; Wang, Zhishun; Marsh, Rachel – Developmental Science, 2018
Verbal--spatial discrepancies are common in healthy individuals and in those with neurodevelopmental disorders associated with cognitive control deficits including: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Non-Verbal Learning Disability, Fragile X, 22q11 deletion, and Turner Syndrome. Previous data from healthy individuals suggest that the magnitude of the…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Spatial Ability, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Wilkey, Eric D.; Cutting, Laurie E.; Price, Gavin R. – Developmental Science, 2018
The development of math skills is a critical component of early education and a strong indicator of later school and economic success. Recent research utilizing population-normed, standardized measures of math achievement suggest that structural and functional integrity of parietal regions, especially the intraparietal sulcus, are closely related…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Skills
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Antovich, Dylan M.; Graf Estes, Katharine – Developmental Science, 2018
Bilingual acquisition presents learning challenges beyond those found in monolingual environments, including the need to segment speech in two languages. Infants may use statistical cues, such as syllable-level transitional probabilities, to segment words from fluent speech. In the present study we assessed monolingual and bilingual 14-month-olds'…
Descriptors: Probability, Cues, Infants, Syllables
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Ponari, Marta; Norbury, Courtenay Frazier; Vigliocco, Gabriella – Developmental Science, 2018
There is considerable lack of evidence concerning the linguistic and cognitive skills underpinning abstract vocabulary acquisition. The present study considers the role of emotional valence in providing an embodied learning experience in which to anchor abstract meanings. First, analyses of adult ratings of age-of-acquisition, concreteness and…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Vocabulary Development, Learning Experience, Children
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Tobia, Valentina; Rinaldi, Luca; Marzocchi, Gian Marco – Developmental Science, 2018
The occurrence of time processing problems in individuals with Development Dyscalculia (DD) has favored the view of a general magnitude system devoted to both numerical and temporal information. Yet, this scenario has been partially challenged by studies indicating that time difficulties can be attributed to poor calculation or counting skills,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, At Risk Students, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills
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Gladfelter, Allison; Goffman, Lisa – Developmental Science, 2018
Semantically rich learning contexts facilitate semantic, phonological, and articulatory aspects of word learning in children with typical development (TD). However, because children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show differences at each of these processing levels, it is unclear whether they will benefit from semantic cues in the same manner…
Descriptors: Semantics, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Children
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Whitaker, Kirstie J.; Vendetti, Michael S.; Wendelken, Carter; Bunge, Silvia A. – Developmental Science, 2018
Analogical reasoning, or the ability to find correspondences between entities based on shared relationships, supports knowledge acquisition. As such, the development of this ability during childhood is thought to promote learning. Here, we sought to better understand the mechanisms by which analogical reasoning about semantic relations improves…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Learning, Brain, Correlation
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Mehr, Samuel A.; Spelke, Elizabeth S. – Developmental Science, 2018
Five-month-old infants selectively attend to novel people who sing melodies originally learned from a parent, but not melodies learned from a musical toy or from an unfamiliar singing adult, suggesting that music conveys social information to infant listeners. Here, we test this interpretation further in older infants with a more direct measure of…
Descriptors: Infants, Music, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Preferences
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Odic, Darko – Developmental Science, 2018
Young children can quickly and intuitively represent the number of objects in a visual scene through the Approximate Number System (ANS). The precision of the ANS--indexed as the most difficult ratio of two numbers that children can reliably discriminate--is well known to improve with development: whereas infants require relatively large ratios to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics, Number Concepts, Comparative Analysis
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Chevalier, Nicolas; Dauvier, Bruno; Blaye, Agnès – Developmental Science, 2018
Emerging cognitive control supports increasingly adaptive behaviors and predicts life success, while low cognitive control is a major risk factor during childhood. It is therefore essential to understand how it develops. The present study provides evidence for an age-related shift in the type of information that children prioritize in their…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Cues, Executive Function, Adjustment (to Environment)
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