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Showing 151 to 165 of 1,268 results Save | Export
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Blythe, Hazel I.; Dickins, Jonathan H.; Kennedy, Colin R.; Liversedge, Simon P. – Developmental Science, 2018
There has been considerable variability within the literature concerning the extent to which deaf/hard of hearing individuals are able to process phonological codes during reading. Two experiments are reported in which participants' eye movements were recorded as they read sentences containing correctly spelled words (e.g., church),…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Cognitive Processes
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Wong, Terry Tin-Yau – Developmental Science, 2018
The current study aimed to investigate the relation between conditional reasoning, which is a common type of logical reasoning, and children's mathematical problem solving. A sample of 124 fourth graders was tested for their conditional reasoning skills and their mathematical problem solving skills, as well as a list of control variables (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Correlation, Thinking Skills, Mathematics Skills, Problem Solving
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Sanger, Kevanne Louise; Thierry, Guillaume; Dorjee, Dusana – Developmental Science, 2018
In a non-randomized controlled study, we investigated the efficacy of a school-based mindfulness curriculum delivered by schoolteachers to older secondary school students (16-18 years). We measured changes in emotion processing indexed by P3b event-related potential (ERP) modulations in an affective oddball task using static human faces. ERPs were…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Teaching Methods, Well Being, Secondary School Students
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Moriguchi, Yusuke; Shinohara, Ikuko – Developmental Science, 2018
Low executive function (EF) during early childhood is a major risk factor for developmental delay, academic failure, and social withdrawal. Susceptible genes may affect the molecular and biological mechanisms underpinning EF. More specifically, genes associated with the regulation of prefrontal dopamine may modulate the response of prefrontal…
Descriptors: Young Children, Executive Function, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Genetics
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Smalle, Eleonore H. M.; Page, Mike P. A.; Duyck, Wouter; Edwards, Martin; Szmalec, Arnaud – Developmental Science, 2018
Whereas adults often rely on explicit memory, children appear to excel in implicit memory, which plays an important role in the acquisition of various cognitive skills, such as those involved in language. The current study aimed to test the assertion of an age-dependent shift in implicit versus explicit learning within a theoretical framework that…
Descriptors: Children, Retention (Psychology), Recall (Psychology), Phonology
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Cowan, Nelson; Li, Yu; Glass, Bret A.; Scott Saults, J. – Developmental Science, 2018
Presentation of two kinds of materials in working memory (visual and acoustic), with the requirement to attend to one or both modalities, poses an interesting case for working memory development because competing predictions can be formulated. In two experiments, we assessed such predictions with children 7-13 years old and adults. With…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Auditory Perception, Acoustics
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Smith, Faye R. H.; Gaskell, M. Gareth; Weighall, Anna R.; Warmington, Meesha; Reid, Alexander M.; Henderson, Lisa M. – Developmental Science, 2018
Sleep is known to play an active role in consolidating new vocabulary in adults; however, the mechanisms by which sleep promotes vocabulary consolidation in childhood are less well understood. Furthermore, there has been no investigation into whether previously reported differences in sleep architecture might account for variability in vocabulary…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Cognitive Processes, Sleep, Dyslexia
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Kalashnikova, Marina; Goswami, Usha; Burnham, Denis – Developmental Science, 2018
Dyslexia is a neurodevelopmental disorder manifested in deficits in reading and spelling skills that is consistently associated with difficulties in phonological processing. Dyslexia is genetically transmitted, but its manifestation in a particular individual is thought to depend on the interaction of epigenetic and environmental factors. We adopt…
Descriptors: Mothers, Infants, At Risk Persons, Dyslexia
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vanMarle, Kristy; Chu, Felicia W.; Mou, Yi; Seok, Jin H.; Rouder, Jeffrey; Geary, David C. – Developmental Science, 2018
Children's understanding of the quantities represented by number words (i.e., cardinality) is a surprisingly protracted but foundational step in their learning of formal mathematics. The development of cardinal knowledge is related to one or two core, inherent systems--the approximate number system (ANS) and the object tracking system (OTS)--but…
Descriptors: Number Systems, Cognitive Mapping, Longitudinal Studies, Preschool Children
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Zhao, Xin; Chen, Ling; Maes, Joseph H. R. – Developmental Science, 2018
Response inhibition is crucial for mental and physical health but studies assessing the trainability of this type of inhibition are rare. Thirty-nine children aged 10-12 years and 46 adults aged 18-24 years were assigned to an adaptive go/no-go inhibition training condition or an active control condition. Transfer of training effects to…
Descriptors: Responses, Inhibition, Control Groups, Transfer of Training
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Creel, Sarah C.; Weng, Mengxing; Fu, Genyue; Heyman, Gail D.; Lee, Kang – Developmental Science, 2018
Young children learn multiple cognitive skills concurrently (e.g., language and music). Evidence is limited as to whether and how learning in one domain affects that in another during early development. Here we assessed whether exposure to a tone language benefits musical pitch processing among 3-5-year-old children. More specifically, we compared…
Descriptors: Tone Languages, Preschool Children, Thinking Skills, Intonation
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Negen, James; Heywood-Everett, Edward; Roome, Hannah E.; Nardini, Marko – Developmental Science, 2018
Using landmarks and other scene features to recall locations from new viewpoints is a critical skill in spatial cognition. In an immersive virtual reality task, we asked children 3.5-4.5 years old to remember the location of a target using various cues. On some trials they could use information from their own self-motion. On some trials they could…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Recall (Psychology), Age Differences, Task Analysis
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Stavans, Maayan; Baillargeon, Renée – Developmental Science, 2018
Two experiments examined whether 4-month-olds (n = 120) who were induced to assign two objects to different categories would then be able to take advantage of these contrastive categorical encodings to individuate and track the objects. In each experiment, infants first watched functional demonstrations of two tools, a masher and tongs (Experiment…
Descriptors: Infants, Eye Movements, Visual Stimuli, Task Analysis
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van Laarhoven, Thijs; Keetels, Mirjam; Schakel, Lemmy; Vroomen, Jean – Developmental Science, 2018
Individuals with developmental dyslexia (DD) may experience, besides reading problems, other speech-related processing deficits. Here, we examined the influence of visual articulatory information (lip-read speech) at various levels of background noise on auditory word recognition in children and adults with DD. We found that children with a…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Language Processing, Speech Communication, Sensory Integration
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Perniss, Pamela; Lu, Jenny C.; Morgan, Gary; Vigliocco, Gabriella – Developmental Science, 2018
Most research on the mechanisms underlying referential mapping has assumed that learning occurs in ostensive contexts, where label and referent co-occur, and that form and meaning are linked by arbitrary convention alone. In the present study, we focus on "iconicity" in language, that is, resemblance relationships between form and…
Descriptors: Sign Language, Linguistic Input, Child Language, Semiotics
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