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Foti, Francesca; Menghini, Deny; Alfieri, Paolo; Costanzo, Floriana; Mandolesi, Laura; Petrosini, Laura; Vicari, Stefano – Developmental Science, 2018
New skills may be learned by active experience (experiential learning or learning by doing) or by observation of others' experience (learning by observation). In general, learning by observation reduces the time and the attempts needed to learn complex actions and behaviors. The present research aimed to compare learning by observation and…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Genetic Disorders, Psychomotor Skills, Visual Perception
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Gullick, Margaret M.; Demir-Lira, Özlem Ece; Booth, James R. – Developmental Science, 2016
Low socioeconomic status (SES) has been repeatedly linked with decreased academic achievement, including lower reading outcomes. Some lower SES children do show skills and scores commensurate with those of their higher SES peers, but whether their abilities stem from the same systems as high SES children or are based on divergent strategies is…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Socioeconomic Status, Low Income Students, Brain
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Edwards, Laura A.; Wagner, Jennifer B.; Simon, Charline E.; Hyde, Daniel C. – Developmental Science, 2016
Humans are born with the ability to mentally represent the approximate numerosity of a set of objects, but little is known about the brain systems that sub-serve this ability early in life and their relation to the brain systems underlying symbolic number and mathematics later in development. Here we investigate processing of numerical magnitudes…
Descriptors: Neurological Organization, Brain, Infants, Spectroscopy
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Kaganovich, Natalya; Schumaker, Jennifer; Macias, Danielle; Gustafson, Dana – Developmental Science, 2015
Previous studies indicate that at least some aspects of audiovisual speech perception are impaired in children with specific language impairment (SLI). However, whether audiovisual processing difficulties are also present in older children with a history of this disorder is unknown. By combining electrophysiological and behavioral measures, we…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Speech Impairments, Auditory Perception, Visual Perception
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Knowland, Victoria C. P.; Mercure, Evelyne; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette; Dick, Fred; Thomas, Michael S. C. – Developmental Science, 2014
Being able to see a talking face confers a considerable advantage for speech perception in adulthood. However, behavioural data currently suggest that children fail to make full use of these available visual speech cues until age 8 or 9. This is particularly surprising given the potential utility of multiple informational cues during language…
Descriptors: Speech, Auditory Perception, Visual Perception, Children
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Grossmann, Tobias; Missana, Manuela; Friederici, Angela D.; Ghazanfar, Asif A. – Developmental Science, 2012
Integrating the multisensory features of talking faces is critical to learning and extracting coherent meaning from social signals. While we know much about the development of these capacities at the behavioral level, we know very little about the underlying neural processes. One prominent behavioral milestone of these capacities is the perceptual…
Descriptors: Brain, Primatology, Infants, Correlation
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Schlesinger, Matthew; Amso, Dima; Johnson, Scott P. – Developmental Science, 2012
We recently proposed a multi-channel, image-filtering model for simulating the development of visual selective attention in young infants (Schlesinger, Amso & Johnson, 2007). The model not only captures the performance of 3-month-olds on a visual search task, but also implicates two cortical regions that may play a role in the development of…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Simulation, Infants
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Koldewyn, Kami; Whitney, David; Rivera, Susan M. – Developmental Science, 2011
Recent evidence suggests those with autism may be generally impaired in visual motion perception. To examine this, we investigated both coherent and biological motion processing in adolescents with autism employing both psychophysical and fMRI methods. Those with autism performed as well as matched controls during coherent motion perception but…
Descriptors: Autism, Adolescents, Visual Perception, Motion
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Hoehl, Stefanie; Striano, Tricia – Developmental Science, 2010
Recent research has demonstrated that infants' attention towards novel objects is affected by an adult's emotional expression and eye gaze toward the object. The current event-related potential (ERP) study investigated how infants at 3, 6, and 9 months of age process fearful compared to neutral faces looking toward objects or averting gaze away…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Infants, Brain
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O'Reilly, Michelle; Vollmer, Brigitte; Vargha-Khadem, Faraneh; Neville, Brian; Connelly, Alan; Wyatt, John; Timms, Chris; De Haan, Michelle – Developmental Science, 2010
Many studies report chronic deficits in visual processing in children born preterm. We investigated whether functional abnormalities in visual processing exist in children born preterm but without major neuromotor impairment (i.e. cerebral palsy). Twelve such children (less than 33 weeks gestation or birthweight less than 1000 g) without major…
Descriptors: Cognitive Tests, Premature Infants, Visual Acuity, Depth Perception
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James, Karin Harman – Developmental Science, 2010
Since Broca's studies on language processing, cortical functional specialization has been considered to be integral to efficient neural processing. A fundamental question in cognitive neuroscience concerns the type of learning that is required for functional specialization to develop. To address this issue with respect to the development of neural…
Descriptors: Brain, Language Processing, Specialization, Visual Perception
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Richmond, Jenny; Nelson, Charles A. – Developmental Science, 2009
Here we report evidence from a new eye-tracking measure of relational memory that suggests that 9-month-old infants can encode memories in terms of the relations among items, a function putatively subserved by the hippocampus. Infants learned about the association between faces that were superimposed on unique scenic backgrounds. During test…
Descriptors: Infants, Memory, Human Body, Eye Movements
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Maurer, Daphne; Mondloch, Catherine J.; Lewis, Terri L. – Developmental Science, 2007
Early experience preserves and refines many capabilities that emerge prenatally. Here we describe another role that it plays--establishing the neural substrate for capabilities that emerge at a much later point in development. The evidence comes from sleeper effects: permanent deficits when early experience was absent in capabilities that normally…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Early Experience, Neurological Organization, Brain
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Sangrigoli, Sandy; de Schonen, Scania – Developmental Science, 2004
In adults, three phenomena are taken to demonstrate an experience effect on face recognition: an inversion effect, a non-native face effect (so-called "other-race" effect) and their interaction. It is crucial for our understanding of the developmental perception mechanisms of object processing to discover when these effects are present in…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Interaction, Child Development, Developmental Stages