ERIC Number: EJ1199881
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Selective Attention, Filtering, and the Development of Working Memory
Plebanek, Daniel J.; Sloutsky, Vladimir M.
Developmental Science, v22 n1 e12727 Jan 2019
Selective attention is fundamental for learning across many situations, yet it exhibits protracted development, with young children often failing to filter out distractors. In this research, we examine links between selective attention and working memory (WM) capacity across development. One possibility is that WM is resource-limited, with development resulting in an increase in the amount of resources available for processing information. However, it is also possible that development results in greater efficiency of using available resources. In the current research, we explore the latter possibility by examining the developmental trajectory of selectivity and filtering in relation to WM capacity. We report that filtering efficiency of adults (N = 30), 7-year-olds (N = 29), and 4-year-olds (N = 28) was uniquely predictive of WM capacity. We also report that filtering efficiency continues to develop after 7 years of age, whereas WM capacity may reach an asymptote around 7 years of age. The latter finding suggests that selective attention plays a critical role in developmental and individual differences in visual working memory capacity.
Descriptors: Attention, Young Children, Short Term Memory, Child Development, Adults, Age Differences, Visual Perception
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED); National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A140214; R01HD078545; P01HD080679