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Nava, Elena; Föcker, Julia; Gori, Monica – Developmental Science, 2020
Combining information across different sensory modalities is of critical importance for the animal's survival and a core feature of human's everyday life. In adulthood, sensory information is often integrated in a statistically optimal fashion, so that the combined estimates of two or more senses are more reliable than the best single one. Several…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Preschool Children, Teaching Methods, Games
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Plebanek, Daniel J.; Sloutsky, Vladimir M. – Developmental Science, 2019
Selective attention is fundamental for learning across many situations, yet it exhibits protracted development, with young children often failing to filter out distractors. In this research, we examine links between selective attention and working memory (WM) capacity across development. One possibility is that WM is resource-limited, with…
Descriptors: Attention, Young Children, Short Term Memory, Child Development
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Tummeltshammer, Kristen; Amso, Dima – Developmental Science, 2018
The visual context in which an object or face resides can provide useful top-down information for guiding attention orienting, object recognition, and visual search. Although infants have demonstrated sensitivity to covariation in spatial arrays, it is presently unclear whether they can use rapidly acquired contextual knowledge to guide attention…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Infants, Eye Movements
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Cowan, Nelson; Li, Yu; Glass, Bret A.; Scott Saults, J. – Developmental Science, 2018
Presentation of two kinds of materials in working memory (visual and acoustic), with the requirement to attend to one or both modalities, poses an interesting case for working memory development because competing predictions can be formulated. In two experiments, we assessed such predictions with children 7-13 years old and adults. With…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Auditory Perception, Acoustics
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Wakefield, Elizabeth; Novack, Miriam A.; Congdon, Eliza L.; Franconeri, Steven; Goldin-Meadow, Susan – Developmental Science, 2018
Teaching a new concept through gestures--hand movements that accompany speech--facilitates learning above-and-beyond instruction through speech alone (e.g., Singer & Goldin-Meadow, 2005). However, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still under investigation. Here, we use eye tracking to explore one often proposed…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Teaching Methods, Nonverbal Communication
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Bulf, Hermann; de Hevia, Maria Dolores; Macchi Cassia, Viola – Developmental Science, 2016
Numbers are represented as ordered magnitudes along a spatially oriented number line. While culture and formal education modulate the direction of this number-space mapping, it is a matter of debate whether its emergence is entirely driven by cultural experience. By registering 8-9-month-old infants' eye movements, this study shows that numerical…
Descriptors: Infants, Number Concepts, Eye Movements, Cues
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Edwards, Laura A.; Wagner, Jennifer B.; Simon, Charline E.; Hyde, Daniel C. – Developmental Science, 2016
Humans are born with the ability to mentally represent the approximate numerosity of a set of objects, but little is known about the brain systems that sub-serve this ability early in life and their relation to the brain systems underlying symbolic number and mathematics later in development. Here we investigate processing of numerical magnitudes…
Descriptors: Neurological Organization, Brain, Infants, Spectroscopy
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Purser, Harry R. M.; Farran, Emily K.; Courbois, Yannick; Lemahieu, Axelle; Sockeel, Pascal; Mellier, Daniel; Blades, Mark – Developmental Science, 2015
The ability to navigate new environments has a significant impact on the daily life and independence of people with learning difficulties. The aims of this study were to investigate the development of route learning in Down syndrome (N = 50), Williams syndrome (N = 19), and typically developing children between 5 and 11 years old (N = 108); to…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Down Syndrome, Mental Retardation, Comparative Analysis
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Bogon, Johanna; Finke, Kathrin; Schulte-Körne, Gerd; Müller, Hermann J.; Schneider, Werner X.; Stenneken, Prisca – Developmental Science, 2014
People with developmental dyslexia (DD) have been shown to be impaired in tasks that require the processing of multiple visual elements in parallel. It has been suggested that this deficit originates from disturbed visual attentional functions. The parameter-based assessment of visual attention based on Bundesen's (1990) theory of visual…
Descriptors: Children, Dyslexia, Developmental Disabilities, Cognitive Processes
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Rohlfing, Katharina J.; Longo, Matthew R.; Bertenthal, Bennett I. – Developmental Science, 2012
Pointing, like eye gaze, is a deictic gesture that can be used to orient the attention of another person towards an object or an event. Previous research suggests that infants first begin to follow a pointing gesture between 10 and 13 months of age. We investigated whether sensitivity to pointing could be seen at younger ages employing a technique…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Attention, Infants, Motion
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Schlesinger, Matthew; Amso, Dima; Johnson, Scott P. – Developmental Science, 2012
We recently proposed a multi-channel, image-filtering model for simulating the development of visual selective attention in young infants (Schlesinger, Amso & Johnson, 2007). The model not only captures the performance of 3-month-olds on a visual search task, but also implicates two cortical regions that may play a role in the development of…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Simulation, Infants
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Cannon, Erin N.; Woodward, Amanda L.; Gredeback, Gustaf; von Hofsten, Claes; Turek, Colleen – Developmental Science, 2012
Recent work implicates a link between action control systems and action understanding. In this study, we investigated the role of the motor system in the development of visual anticipation of others' actions. Twelve-month-olds engaged in behavioral and observation tasks. "Containment activity", infants' spontaneous engagement in producing…
Descriptors: Infants, Attention, Visual Perception, Eye Movements
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Ross-Sheehy, Shannon; Oakes, Lisa M.; Luck, Steven J. – Developmental Science, 2011
Two experiments examined the hypothesis that developing visual attentional mechanisms influence infants' Visual Short-Term Memory (VSTM) in the context of multiple items. Five- and 10-month-old infants (N = 76) received a change detection task in which arrays of three differently colored squares appeared and disappeared. On each trial one square…
Descriptors: Attention, Infants, Visual Perception, Short Term Memory
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LoBue, Vanessa – Developmental Science, 2009
Threatening facial expressions can signal the approach of someone or something potentially dangerous. Past research has established that adults have an attentional bias for angry faces, visually detecting their presence more quickly than happy or neutral faces. Two new findings are reported here. First, evidence is presented that young children…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Attention, Young Children, Nonverbal Communication
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Joseph, Robert M.; Keehn, Brandon; Connolly, Christine; Wolfe, Jeremy M.; Horowitz, Todd S. – Developmental Science, 2009
This study investigated the possibility that enhanced memory for rejected distractor locations underlies the superior visual search skills exhibited by individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We compared the performance of 21 children with ASD and 21 age- and IQ-matched typically developing (TD) children in a standard static search task…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Autism, Memory, Severity (of Disability)
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