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Robbins, Rachel A.; Maurer, Daphne; Hatry, Alexandra; Anzures, Gizelle; Mondloch, Catherine J. – Developmental Science, 2012
We used opposing figural aftereffects to investigate whether there are at least partially separable representations of upright and inverted faces in patients who missed early visual experience because of bilateral congenital cataracts (mean age at test 19.5 years). Visually normal adults and 10-year-olds were tested for comparison. Adults showed…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Patients, Investigations, Adults
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Szwed, Marcin; Ventura, Paulo; Querido, Luis; Cohen, Laurent; Dehaene, Stanislas – Developmental Science, 2012
The acquisition of reading has an extensive impact on the developing brain and leads to enhanced abilities in phonological processing and visual letter perception. Could this expertise also extend to early visual abilities outside the reading domain? Here we studied the performance of illiterate, ex-illiterate and literate adults closely matched…
Descriptors: Reading, Visual Perception, Adults, Illiteracy
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Cannon, Erin N.; Woodward, Amanda L.; Gredeback, Gustaf; von Hofsten, Claes; Turek, Colleen – Developmental Science, 2012
Recent work implicates a link between action control systems and action understanding. In this study, we investigated the role of the motor system in the development of visual anticipation of others' actions. Twelve-month-olds engaged in behavioral and observation tasks. "Containment activity", infants' spontaneous engagement in producing…
Descriptors: Infants, Attention, Visual Perception, Eye Movements
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Zeguers, Maaike H. T.; Snellings, Patrick; Tijms, Jurgen; Weeda, Wouter D.; Tamboer, Peter; Bexkens, Anika; Huizenga, Hilde M. – Developmental Science, 2011
The nature of word recognition difficulties in developmental dyslexia is still a topic of controversy. We investigated the contribution of phonological processing deficits and uncertainty to the word recognition difficulties of dyslexic children by mathematical diffusion modeling of visual and auditory lexical decision data. The first study showed…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Word Recognition, Models, Language Processing
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Ross-Sheehy, Shannon; Oakes, Lisa M.; Luck, Steven J. – Developmental Science, 2011
Two experiments examined the hypothesis that developing visual attentional mechanisms influence infants' Visual Short-Term Memory (VSTM) in the context of multiple items. Five- and 10-month-old infants (N = 76) received a change detection task in which arrays of three differently colored squares appeared and disappeared. On each trial one square…
Descriptors: Attention, Infants, Visual Perception, Short Term Memory
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O'Hearn, Kirsten; Roth, Jennifer K.; Courtney, Susan M.; Luna, Beatriz; Street, Whitney; Terwillinger, Robert; Landau, Barbara – Developmental Science, 2011
Williams syndrome (WS) is a genetic disorder associated with severe visuospatial deficits, relatively strong language skills, heightened social interest, and increased attention to faces. On the basis of the visuospatial deficits, this disorder has been characterized primarily as a deficit of the dorsal stream, the occipitoparietal brain regions…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Topography, Earth Science, Language Skills
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Huyck, Julia Jones; Wright, Beverly A. – Developmental Science, 2011
Adults can improve their performance on many perceptual tasks with training, but when does the response to training become mature? To investigate this question, we trained 11-year-olds, 14-year-olds and adults on a basic auditory task (temporal-interval discrimination) using a multiple-session training regimen known to be effective for adults. The…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Visual Perception, Cognitive Style, Age Differences
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James, Karin Harman; Swain, Shelley N. – Developmental Science, 2011
Previous research shows that sensory and motor systems interact during perception, but how these connections among systems are created during development is unknown. The current work exposes young children to novel "verbs" and objects through either (a) actively exploring the objects or (b) by seeing an experimenter interact with the objects.…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Auditory Perception, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Psychomotor Skills
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Tanaka, James W.; Meixner, Tamara L.; Kantner, Justin – Developmental Science, 2011
While much developmental research has focused on the strategies that children employ to recognize faces, less is known about the principles governing the organization of face exemplars in perceptual memory. In this study, we tested a novel, child-friendly paradigm for investigating the organization of face, bird and car exemplars. Children ages…
Descriptors: Animals, Children, Adults, Visual Perception
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Valenza, Eloisa; Bulf, Hermann – Developmental Science, 2011
The present study aimed to investigate whether perceptual completion is available at birth, in the absence of any visual experience. An extremely underspecified kinetic visual display composed of four spatially separated fragments arranged to give rise to an illusory rectangle that occluded a vertical rod (illusory condition) or rotated so as not…
Descriptors: Evidence, Stimuli, Mechanics (Physics), Neonates
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Balas, Benjamin; Westerlund, Alissa; Hung, Katherine; Nelson, Charles A., III – Developmental Science, 2011
The "other-race" effect describes the phenomenon in which faces are difficult to distinguish from one another if they belong to an ethnic or racial group to which the observer has had little exposure. Adult observers typically display multiple forms of recognition error for other-race faces, and infants exhibit behavioral evidence of a developing…
Descriptors: Race, Racial Factors, Infants, Visual Stimuli
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O'Reilly, Michelle; Vollmer, Brigitte; Vargha-Khadem, Faraneh; Neville, Brian; Connelly, Alan; Wyatt, John; Timms, Chris; De Haan, Michelle – Developmental Science, 2010
Many studies report chronic deficits in visual processing in children born preterm. We investigated whether functional abnormalities in visual processing exist in children born preterm but without major neuromotor impairment (i.e. cerebral palsy). Twelve such children (less than 33 weeks gestation or birthweight less than 1000 g) without major…
Descriptors: Cognitive Tests, Premature Infants, Visual Acuity, Depth Perception
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Nurmsoo, Erika; Robinson, Elizabeth J. – Developmental Science, 2009
In three experiments (N = 123; 148; 28), children observed a video in which two speakers offered alternative labels for unfamiliar objects. In Experiment 1, 3- to 5-year-olds endorsed the label given by a speaker who had previously labeled familiar objects accurately, rather than that given by a speaker with a history of inaccurate labeling, even…
Descriptors: Children, Video Technology, Films, Young Children
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Pereira, Alfredo F.; Smith, Linda B. – Developmental Science, 2009
Two experiments examined developmental changes in children's visual recognition of common objects during the period of 18 to 24 months. Experiment 1 examined children's ability to recognize common category instances that presented three different kinds of information: (1) richly detailed and prototypical instances that presented both local and…
Descriptors: Infants, Geometric Concepts, Visual Stimuli, Age Differences
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LoBue, Vanessa – Developmental Science, 2009
Threatening facial expressions can signal the approach of someone or something potentially dangerous. Past research has established that adults have an attentional bias for angry faces, visually detecting their presence more quickly than happy or neutral faces. Two new findings are reported here. First, evidence is presented that young children…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Attention, Young Children, Nonverbal Communication
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