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Showing 1 to 15 of 172 results Save | Export
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Hahn, Michael; Joechner, Ann-Kathrin; Roell, Judith; Schabus, Manuel; Heib, Dominik P. J.; Gruber, Georg; Peigneux, Philippe; Hoedlmoser, Kerstin – Developmental Science, 2019
Sleep spindles are related to sleep-dependent memory consolidation and general cognitive abilities. However, they undergo drastic maturational changes during adolescence. Here we used a longitudinal approach (across 7 years) to explore whether developmental changes in sleep spindle density can explain individual differences in sleep-dependent…
Descriptors: Sleep, Child Development, Memory, Cognitive Ability
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Lourenco, Stella F.; Aulet, Lauren S. – Developmental Science, 2019
There is general agreement that humans represent numerical, spatial, and temporal magnitudes from early in development. However, there is disagreement about whether different magnitudes converge within a general magnitude system and whether this system supports behavioral demonstrations of cross-magnitude interactions at different developmental…
Descriptors: Developmental Stages, Infants, Preschool Children, Age Differences
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Murray, Aja Louise; Booth, Tom; Eisner, Manuel; Auyeung, Bonnie; Murray, George; Ribeaud, Denis – Developmental Science, 2019
Previous studies have hinted at sex differences in developmental trajectories in ADHD symptoms; however, little is known about the nature or cause of these differences and their implications for clinical practice. We used growth mixture modelling in a community-ascertained cohort of n = 1,571 participants to study sex differences in ADHD symptom…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Gender Differences, Conceptual Tempo
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Gilligan, Katie A.; Hodgkiss, Alex; Thomas, Michael S. C.; Farran, Emily K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Spatial thinking is an important predictor of mathematics. However, existing data do not determine whether all spatial sub-domains are equally important for mathematics outcomes nor whether mathematics-spatial associations vary through development. This study addresses these questions by exploring the developmental relations between mathematics…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Predictor Variables, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Students
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Wu, Jiamin; Chan, John S. Y.; Yan, Jin H. – Developmental Science, 2019
We examined the developmental differences in motor control and learning of a two-segment movement. One hundred and five participants (53 female) were divided into three age groups (7-8 years, 9-10 years and 19-27 years). They performed a two-segment movement task in four conditions (full vision, fully disturbed vision, disturbed vision in the…
Descriptors: Motor Development, Elementary School Students, Task Analysis, Accuracy
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Schneider, Julie M.; Maguire, Mandy J. – Developmental Science, 2019
School-aged and adolescent children continue to demonstrate improvements in how they integrate and comprehend real-time, auditory language over this developmental time period, which can have important implications for academic and social success. To better understand developmental changes in the neural processes engaged during language…
Descriptors: Semantics, Syntax, Language Processing, Error Patterns
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Obradovic, Jelena; Finch, Jenna E.; Portilla, Ximena A.; Rasheed, Muneera A.; Tirado-Strayer, Nicole; Yousafzai, Aisha K. – Developmental Science, 2019
This study extends the methodological and theoretical understanding of executive functions (EFs) in preschoolers from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). First, the authors describe a rigorous process of adapting and evaluating six EF tasks to produce a culturally and developmentally appropriate measure of emerging EFs in a large sample of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Low Income, Task Analysis, Child Development
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Raviv, Limor; Arnon, Inbal – Developmental Science, 2018
Infants, children and adults are capable of extracting recurring patterns from their environment through statistical learning (SL), an implicit learning mechanism that is considered to have an important role in language acquisition. Research over the past 20 years has shown that SL is present from very early infancy and found in a variety of tasks…
Descriptors: Child Development, Age Differences, Learning Processes, Children
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Zamuner, Tania S.; Strahm, Stephanie; Morin-Lessard, Elizabeth; Page, Michael P. A. – Developmental Science, 2018
This research investigates the effect of production on 4.5- to 6-year-old children's recognition of newly learned words. In Experiment 1, children were taught four novel words in a produced or heard training condition during a brief training phase. In Experiment 2, children were taught eight novel words, and this time training condition was in a…
Descriptors: Young Children, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Word Recognition
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Buss, Aaron T.; Spencer, John P. – Developmental Science, 2018
Executive function (EF) is a key cognitive process that emerges in early childhood and facilitates children's ability to control their own behavior. Individual differences in EF skills early in life are predictive of quality-of-life outcomes 30 years later (Moffitt et al., 2011). What changes in the brain give rise to this critical cognitive…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Cognitive Processes, Individual Differences, Cognitive Ability
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Negen, James; Heywood-Everett, Edward; Roome, Hannah E.; Nardini, Marko – Developmental Science, 2018
Using landmarks and other scene features to recall locations from new viewpoints is a critical skill in spatial cognition. In an immersive virtual reality task, we asked children 3.5-4.5 years old to remember the location of a target using various cues. On some trials they could use information from their own self-motion. On some trials they could…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Recall (Psychology), Age Differences, Task Analysis
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van Laarhoven, Thijs; Keetels, Mirjam; Schakel, Lemmy; Vroomen, Jean – Developmental Science, 2018
Individuals with developmental dyslexia (DD) may experience, besides reading problems, other speech-related processing deficits. Here, we examined the influence of visual articulatory information (lip-read speech) at various levels of background noise on auditory word recognition in children and adults with DD. We found that children with a…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Language Processing, Speech Communication, Sensory Integration
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Schwartz, Flora; Epinat-Duclos, Justine; Noveck, Ira; Prado, Jérôme – Developmental Science, 2018
Older interlocutors are more likely than younger ones to make pragmatic inferences, that is, inferences that go beyond the linguistically encoded meaning of a sentence. Here we ask whether pragmatic development is associated with increased activity in brain structures associated with inference-making or in those associated with Theory of Mind. We…
Descriptors: Neurological Organization, Brain, Inferences, Cognitive Structures
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Swanson, Meghan R.; Wolff, Jason J.; Elison, Jed T.; Gu, Hongbin; Hazlett, Heather C.; Botteron, Kelly; Styner, Martin; Paterson, Sarah; Gerig, Guido; Constantino, John; Dager, Stephen; Estes, Annette; Vachet, Clement; Piven, Joseph – Developmental Science, 2017
The association between developmental trajectories of language-related white matter fiber pathways from 6 to 24 months of age and individual differences in language production at 24 months of age was investigated. The splenium of the corpus callosum, a fiber pathway projecting through the posterior hub of the default mode network to occipital…
Descriptors: Correlation, Oral Language, Infants, Individual Differences
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Yurovsky, Daniel; Frank, Michael C. – Developmental Science, 2017
Children learn their earliest words through social "interaction," but it is unknown how much they rely on social "information." Some theories argue that word learning is fundamentally social from its outset, with even the youngest infants understanding intentions and using them to infer a social partner's target of reference.…
Descriptors: Interaction, Social Influences, Cues, Eye Movements
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