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Showing 61 to 75 of 170 results Save | Export
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Braham, Emily J.; Libertus, Melissa E. – Developmental Science, 2017
Although growing evidence suggests a link between children's math skills and their ability to estimate numerical quantities using the approximate number system (ANS), little is known about the sources underlying individual differences in ANS acuity and their relation with specific mathematical skills. To examine the role of intergenerational…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Young Children, Number Concepts, Expectation
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Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Kuchirko, Yana; Luo, Rufan; Escobar, Kelly; Bornstein, Marc H. – Developmental Science, 2017
Methods can powerfully affect conclusions about infant experiences and learning. Data from naturalistic observations may paint a very different picture of learning and development from those based on structured tasks, as illustrated in studies of infant walking, object permanence, intention understanding, and so forth. Using language as a model…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Play, Observation
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Ylinen, Sari; Bosseler, Alexis; Junttila, Katja; Huotilainen, Minna – Developmental Science, 2017
The ability to predict future events in the environment and learn from them is a fundamental component of adaptive behavior across species. Here we propose that inferring predictions facilitates speech processing and word learning in the early stages of language development. Twelve- and 24-month olds' electrophysiological brain responses to heard…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Language Acquisition, Prediction, Coding
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Kirk, Hannah E.; Gray, Kylie; Riby, Deborah M.; Taffe, John; Cornish, Kim M. – Developmental Science, 2017
Despite well-documented attention deficits in children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), distinctions across types of attention problems and their association with academic attainment has not been fully explored. This study examines visual attention capacities and inattentive/hyperactive behaviours in 77 children aged 4 to…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Intellectual Disability
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Zinke, Katharina; Wilhelm, Ines; Bayramoglu, Müge; Klein, Susanne; Born, Jan – Developmental Science, 2017
Sleep is considered to support the formation of skill memory. In juvenile but not adult song birds learning a tutor's song, a stronger initial deterioration of song performance over night-sleep predicts better song performance in the long run. This and similar observations have stimulated the view of sleep supporting skill formation during…
Descriptors: Children, Sleep, Psychomotor Skills, Motor Reactions
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Barnes, Jessica J.; Woolrich, Mark W.; Baker, Kate; Colclough, Giles L.; Astle, Duncan E. – Developmental Science, 2016
Functional connectivity is the statistical association of neuronal activity time courses across distinct brain regions, supporting specific cognitive processes. This coordination of activity is likely to be highly important for complex aspects of cognition, such as the communication of fluctuating task goals from higher-order control regions to…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Children, Brain, Cognitive Processes
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Aboud, Katherine S.; Bailey, Stephen K.; Petrill, Stephen A.; Cutting, Laurie E. – Developmental Science, 2016
Skilled reading depends on recognizing words efficiently in isolation ("word-level processing"; "WL") and extracting meaning from text ("discourse-level processing"; "DL"); deficiencies in either result in poor reading. FMRI has revealed consistent overlapping networks in word and passage reading, as well as…
Descriptors: Reading, Reading Comprehension, Reading Skills, Reading Ability
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Mosing, Miriam A.; Madison, Guy; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Ullén, Fredrik – Developmental Science, 2016
The idea of far transfer effects in the cognitive sciences has received much attention in recent years. One domain where far transfer effects have frequently been reported is music education, with the prevailing idea that music practice entails an increase in cognitive ability (IQ). While cross-sectional studies consistently find significant…
Descriptors: Music, Music Education, Cognitive Ability, Intelligence Quotient
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Upshaw, Michaela B.; Bernier, Raphael A.; Sommerville, Jessica A. – Developmental Science, 2016
Research has established that the body is fundamentally involved in perception: bodily experience influences activation of the shared neural system underlying action perception and production during action observation, and bodily characteristics influence perception of the spatial environment. However, whether bodily characteristics influence…
Descriptors: Infants, Muscular Strength, Psychomotor Skills, Diagnostic Tests
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Rodriguez Buritica, Julia M.; Eppinger, Ben; Schuck, Nicolas W.; Heekeren, Hauke R.; Li, Shu-Chen – Developmental Science, 2016
Observational learning is an important mechanism for cognitive and social development. However, the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying observational learning in children are not well understood. In this study, we used a probabilistic reward-based observational learning paradigm to compare behavioral and electrophysiological markers of…
Descriptors: Correlation, Children, Observational Learning, Reinforcement
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Drollette, Eric S.; Scudder, Mark R.; Raine, Lauren B.; Davis Moore, R.; Pontifex, Matthew B.; Erickson, Kirk I.; Hillman, Charles H. – Developmental Science, 2016
The present investigation examined the sexual dimorphic patterns of cardiorespiratory fitness to working memory in preadolescent children (age range: 7.7-10.9). Data were collected in three separate studies (Study 1: n = 97, 42 females; Study 2: n = 95, 45 females; Study 3: n = 84, 37 females). All participants completed a cardiorespiratory…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Physical Fitness, Preadolescents, Gender Differences
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Siegler, Robert S. – Developmental Science, 2016
The integrated theory of numerical development posits that a central theme of numerical development from infancy to adulthood is progressive broadening of the types and ranges of numbers whose magnitudes are accurately represented. The process includes four overlapping trends: (1) representing increasingly precisely the magnitudes of non-symbolic…
Descriptors: Numbers, Theories, Individual Development, Symbols (Mathematics)
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Althaus, Nadja; Plunkett, Kim – Developmental Science, 2016
Recent studies with infants and adults demonstrate a facilitative role of labels in object categorization. A common interpretation is that labels highlight commonalities between objects. However, direct evidence for such a mechanism is lacking. Using a novel object category with spatially separate features that are either of low or high…
Descriptors: Infants, Classification, Labeling (of Persons), Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Hackman, Daniel A.; Gallop, Robert; Evans, Gary W.; Farah, Martha J. – Developmental Science, 2015
Childhood socioeconomic status (SES) predicts executive function (EF), but fundamental aspects of this relation remain unknown: the developmental course of the SES disparity, its continued sensitivity to SES changes during that course, and the features of childhood experience responsible for the SES-EF relation. Regarding course, early disparities…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Executive Function, Young Children, Child Development
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Emerson, Robert W.; Cantlon, Jessica F. – Developmental Science, 2015
Human children possess the ability to approximate numerical quantity nonverbally from a young age. Over the course of early childhood, children develop increasingly precise representations of numerical values, including a symbolic number system that allows them to conceive of numerical information as Arabic numerals or number words. Functional…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Number Concepts, Numbers, Neuropsychology
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