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Howard, Steven J.; Cook, Caylee J.; Everts, Lizl; Melhuish, Edward; Scerif, Gaia; Norris, Shane; Twine, Rhian; Kahn, Kathleen; Draper, Catherine E. – Developmental Science, 2020
The widely and internationally replicated socioeconomic status (SES) gradient of executive function (EF) implies that intervention approaches may do well to extrapolate conditions and practices from contexts that generate better child outcomes (in this case, higher SES circumstances) and translate these to contexts with comparatively poorer…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Executive Function, Socioeconomic Status, Intervention
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Blair, Clancy; Kuzawa, Christopher W.; Willoughby, Michael T. – Developmental Science, 2020
A well-established literature demonstrates executive function (EF) deficits in obese children and adults relative to healthy weight comparisons. EF deficits in obesity are associated with overeating and impulsive consumption of high calorie foods leading to excess weight gain and to problems with metabolic regulation and low-grade inflammation…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Child Development, Body Composition, Obesity
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Slusser, Emily; Ribner, Andrew; Shusterman, Anna – Developmental Science, 2019
Children's early math skills have been hailed as a powerful predictor of academic success. Disparities in socioeconomic context, however, also have dramatic consequences on children's learning. It is therefore critical to investigate both of these distinct contributors in order to better understand the early foundations of children's academic…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Predictor Variables, Socioeconomic Status, Vocabulary
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Knauer, Heather A.; Kariger, Patricia; Jakiela, Pamela; Ozier, Owen; Fernald, Lia C. H. – Developmental Science, 2019
In many low- and middle-income countries, young children learn a mother tongue or indigenous language at home before entering the formal education system where they will need to understand and speak a country's official language(s). Thus, assessments of children before school age, conducted in a nation's official language, may not fully reflect a…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, African Languages, Rural Areas, English (Second Language)
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Cook, Caylee J.; Howard, Steven J.; Scerif, Gaia; Twine, Rhian; Kahn, Kathleen; Norris, Shane A.; Draper, Catherine E. – Developmental Science, 2019
Executive function is foundational for cognitive development. Previous research has shown both gross motor skills and physical activity to be related to executive function. However, evidence for these relationships in the preschool years, as well as in low- and middle-income countries is lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the…
Descriptors: Correlation, Physical Activities, Psychomotor Skills, Executive Function
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Black, Maureen M.; Yimgang, Doris P.; Hurley, Kristen M.; Harding, Kimberly B.; Fernandez-Rao, Sylvia; Balakrishna, Nagalla; Radhakrishna, Kankipati V.; Reinhart, Gregory A.; Nair, Krishnapillai Madhavan – Developmental Science, 2019
Stunting has been negatively associated with children's development. We examined the range of height by testing hypotheses: (a) height is positively associated with children's development, with associations moderated by inflammation and (b) home environments characterized by nurturance and early learning opportunities is positively associated with…
Descriptors: Body Height, Infants, Child Development, Physical Development
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Obradovic, Jelena; Finch, Jenna E.; Portilla, Ximena A.; Rasheed, Muneera A.; Tirado-Strayer, Nicole; Yousafzai, Aisha K. – Developmental Science, 2019
This study extends the methodological and theoretical understanding of executive functions (EFs) in preschoolers from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). First, the authors describe a rigorous process of adapting and evaluating six EF tasks to produce a culturally and developmentally appropriate measure of emerging EFs in a large sample of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Low Income, Task Analysis, Child Development
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Younger, Jessica W.; Lee, Keun-Woo; Demir-Lira, Ozlem E.; Booth, James R. – Developmental Science, 2019
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been shown to influence language skills, with children of lower SES backgrounds performing worse on language assessments compared to their higher SES peers. While there is abundant behavioral research on the effects of SES, whether there are differences in the neural mechanisms used to support language skill is less…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Phonological Awareness, Language Skills, Comparative Analysis
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Larsen, Nicole E.; Lee, Kang; Ganea, Patricia A. – Developmental Science, 2018
For millennia, adults have told children stories not only to entertain but also to impart important moral lessons to promote prosocial behaviors. Many such stories contain anthropomorphized animals because it is believed that children learn from anthropomorphic stories as effectively, if not better than, from stories with human characters, and…
Descriptors: Childrens Literature, Animals, Prosocial Behavior, Preschool Children
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Decety, Jean; Meidenbauer, Kimberly L.; Cowell, Jason M. – Developmental Science, 2018
This developmental neuroscience study examined the electrophysiological responses (EEG and ERPs) associated with perspective taking and empathic concern in preschool children, as well as their relation to parental empathy dispositions and children's own prosocial behavior. Consistent with a body of previous studies using stimuli depicting somatic…
Descriptors: Empathy, Preschool Children, Measurement Equipment, Child Development
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Fischer, Ursula; Suggate, Sebastian P.; Schmirl, Judith; Stoeger, Heidrun – Developmental Science, 2018
Finger counting is widely considered an important step in children's early mathematical development. Presumably, children's ability to move their fingers during early counting experiences to aid number representation depends in part on their early fine motor skills (FMS). Specifically, FMS should link to children's procedural counting skills…
Descriptors: Computation, Mathematics Skills, Psychomotor Skills, Preschool Children
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Hoff, Erika; Quinn, Jamie M.; Giguere, David – Developmental Science, 2018
A close relationship between children's vocabulary size and the grammatical complexity of their speech is well attested but not well understood. The present study used latent change score modeling to examine the dynamic relationships between vocabulary and grammar growth within and across languages in longitudinal data from 90 simultaneous…
Descriptors: Correlation, Vocabulary, Grammar, Children
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Shahaeian, Ameneh; Henry, Julie D.; Razmjoee, Maryam; Teymoori, Ali; Wang, Cen – Developmental Science, 2015
Previous research has consistently indicated that theory of mind (ToM) is associated with executive control in the preschool years. However, interpretation of this literature is limited by the fact that most studies have focused exclusively on urbanized Western cultural samples. Consequently, it is not clear whether the association between ToM and…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Theory of Mind, Socioeconomic Status, Preschool Children
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van Marle, Kristy; Chu, Felicia W.; Li, Yaoran; Geary, David C. – Developmental Science, 2014
The study assessed the relations among acuity of the inherent approximate number system (ANS), performance on measures of symbolic quantitative knowledge, and mathematics achievement for a sample of 138 (64 boys) preschoolers. The Weber fraction (a measure of ANS acuity) and associated task accuracy were significantly correlated with mathematics…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Child Development, Number Systems, Numeracy
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Smith, Heather J.; Kryski, Katie R.; Sheikh, Haroon I.; Singh, Shiva M.; Hayden, Elizabeth P. – Developmental Science, 2013
Temperamental effortful control has important implications for children's development. Although genetic factors and parenting may influence effortful control, few studies have examined interplay between the two in predicting its development. The current study investigated associations between parenting and a facet of children's effortful…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Child Rearing, Genetics, Preschool Children
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