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Brinchmann, Ellen Irén; Braeken, Johan; Lyster, Solveig-Alma Halaas – Developmental Science, 2019
Previous studies of individual differences have revealed strong correlations between children's vocabulary and grammatical abilities, and these data have been used to support theoretical accounts positing direct developmental relations between these two areas of language. However, between-person differences do not necessarily reflect…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Grammar, Language Acquisition, Young Children
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Ferjan Ramírez, Naja; Lytle, Sarah Roseberry; Fish, Melanie; Kuhl, Patricia K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Previous studies reveal an association between particular features of parental language input and advances in children's language learning. However, it is not known whether parent coaching aimed to enhance specific input components would (a) successfully increase these components in parents' language input and (b) result in concurrent increases in…
Descriptors: Parents, Coaching (Performance), Randomized Controlled Trials, Child Language
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Knauer, Heather A.; Kariger, Patricia; Jakiela, Pamela; Ozier, Owen; Fernald, Lia C. H. – Developmental Science, 2019
In many low- and middle-income countries, young children learn a mother tongue or indigenous language at home before entering the formal education system where they will need to understand and speak a country's official language(s). Thus, assessments of children before school age, conducted in a nation's official language, may not fully reflect a…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, African Languages, Rural Areas, English (Second Language)
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Black, Maureen M.; Yimgang, Doris P.; Hurley, Kristen M.; Harding, Kimberly B.; Fernandez-Rao, Sylvia; Balakrishna, Nagalla; Radhakrishna, Kankipati V.; Reinhart, Gregory A.; Nair, Krishnapillai Madhavan – Developmental Science, 2019
Stunting has been negatively associated with children's development. We examined the range of height by testing hypotheses: (a) height is positively associated with children's development, with associations moderated by inflammation and (b) home environments characterized by nurturance and early learning opportunities is positively associated with…
Descriptors: Body Height, Infants, Child Development, Physical Development
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Milosavljevic, Bosiljka; Vellekoop, Perijne; Maris, Helen; Halliday, Drew; Drammeh, Saikou; Sanyang, Lamin; Darboe, Momodou K.; Elwell, Clare; Moore, Sophie E.; Lloyd-Fox, Sarah – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants in low-resource settings are at heightened risk for compromised cognitive development due to a multitude of environmental insults in their surroundings. However, the onset of adverse outcomes and trajectory of cognitive development in these settings is not well understood. The aims of the present study were to adapt the Mullen Scales of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Ability, Young Children, Motor Development
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Perry, Lynn K.; Perlman, Marcus; Winter, Bodo; Massaro, Dominic W.; Lupyan, Gary – Developmental Science, 2018
Iconicity--the correspondence between form and meaning--may help young children learn to use new words. Early-learned words are higher in iconicity than later learned words. However, it remains unclear what role iconicity may play in actual language use. Here, we ask whether iconicity relates not just to the age at which words are acquired, but…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development
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West, Gillian; Vadillo, Miguel A.; Shanks, David R.; Hulme, Charles – Developmental Science, 2018
Impaired procedural learning has been suggested as a possible cause of developmental dyslexia (DD) and specific language impairment (SLI). This study examined the relationship between measures of verbal and non-verbal implicit and explicit learning and measures of language, literacy and arithmetic attainment in a large sample of 7 to 8-year-old…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Language Impairments, Young Children, Verbal Learning
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Swanson, Meghan R.; Wolff, Jason J.; Elison, Jed T.; Gu, Hongbin; Hazlett, Heather C.; Botteron, Kelly; Styner, Martin; Paterson, Sarah; Gerig, Guido; Constantino, John; Dager, Stephen; Estes, Annette; Vachet, Clement; Piven, Joseph – Developmental Science, 2017
The association between developmental trajectories of language-related white matter fiber pathways from 6 to 24 months of age and individual differences in language production at 24 months of age was investigated. The splenium of the corpus callosum, a fiber pathway projecting through the posterior hub of the default mode network to occipital…
Descriptors: Correlation, Oral Language, Infants, Individual Differences
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Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Kuchirko, Yana; Luo, Rufan; Escobar, Kelly; Bornstein, Marc H. – Developmental Science, 2017
Methods can powerfully affect conclusions about infant experiences and learning. Data from naturalistic observations may paint a very different picture of learning and development from those based on structured tasks, as illustrated in studies of infant walking, object permanence, intention understanding, and so forth. Using language as a model…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Play, Observation
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Ylinen, Sari; Bosseler, Alexis; Junttila, Katja; Huotilainen, Minna – Developmental Science, 2017
The ability to predict future events in the environment and learn from them is a fundamental component of adaptive behavior across species. Here we propose that inferring predictions facilitates speech processing and word learning in the early stages of language development. Twelve- and 24-month olds' electrophysiological brain responses to heard…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Language Acquisition, Prediction, Coding
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Ramírez-Esparza, Nairán; García-Sierra, Adrián; Kuhl, Patricia K. – Developmental Science, 2014
Language input is necessary for language learning, yet little is known about whether, in natural environments, the speech style and social context of language input to children impacts language development. In the present study we investigated the relationship between language input and language development, examining both the style of parental…
Descriptors: Infants, Speech, Social Environment, Linguistic Input
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Fox, Allison M.; Reid, Corinne L.; Anderson, Mike; Richardson, Cassandra; Bishop, Dorothy V. M. – Developmental Science, 2012
According to the rapid auditory processing theory, the ability to parse incoming auditory information underpins learning of oral and written language. There is wide variation in this low-level perceptual ability, which appears to follow a protracted developmental course. We studied the development of rapid auditory processing using event-related…
Descriptors: Intervals, Written Language, Oral Language, Correlation
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Matthews, Danielle; Behne, Tanya; Lieven, Elena; Tomasello, Michael – Developmental Science, 2012
Despite its importance in the development of children's skills of social cognition and communication, very little is known about the ontogenetic origins of the pointing gesture. We report a training study in which mothers gave children one month of extra daily experience with pointing as compared with a control group who had extra experience with…
Descriptors: Socialization, Social Cognition, Control Groups, Language Acquisition
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Fernald, Lia C. H.; Weber, Ann; Galasso, Emanuela; Ratsifandrihamanana, Lisy – Developmental Science, 2011
Our objectives were to document and examine socioeconomic gradients across a comprehensive set of child development measures in a population living in extreme poverty, and to interpret these gradients in light of findings from the neuroscience literature. We assessed a nationally representative sample of 3-6-year-old children (n = 1332) from 150…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Poverty, Low Income Groups, Young Children
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Alcock, Katherine J.; Krawczyk, Kirsty – Developmental Science, 2010
Language development has long been associated with motor development, particularly manual gesture. We examined a variety of motor abilities--manual gesture including symbolic, meaningless and sequential memory, oral motor control, gross and fine motor control--in 129 children aged 21 months. Language abilities were assessed and cognitive and…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Motor Development, Language Acquisition, Individual Differences
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