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Showing 1 to 15 of 284 results Save | Export
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Hirai, Masahiro; Kanakogi, Yasuhiro – Developmental Science, 2019
The theory of natural pedagogy has proposed that infants can use ostensive signals, including eye contact, infant-directed speech, and contingency to learn from others. However, the role of bodily gestures, such as hand-waving, in social learning has been largely ignored. To address this gap in the literature, this study sought to determine…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Teaching Methods, Infants, Infant Behavior
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Comishen, Kyle J.; Bialystok, Ellen; Adler, Scott A. – Developmental Science, 2019
Bilingualism has been observed to influence cognitive processing across the lifespan but whether bilingual environments have an effect on selective attention and attention strategies in infancy remains an unresolved question. In Study 1, infants exposed to monolingual or bilingual environments participated in an eye-tracking cueing task in which…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Infants, Monolingualism, Eye Movements
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Grzyb, Beata J.; Nagai, Yukie; Asada, Minoru; Cattani, Allegra; Floccia, Caroline; Cangelosi, Angelo – Developmental Science, 2019
Young children sometimes attempt an action on an object, which is inappropriate because of the object size--they make scale errors. Existing theories suggest that scale errors may result from immaturities in children's action planning system, which might be overpowered by increased complexity of object representations or developing teleofunctional…
Descriptors: Error Patterns, Young Children, Cognitive Processes, Semantics
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Fecher, Natalie; Johnson, Elizabeth K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Bilingual and monolingual infants differ in how they process linguistic aspects of the speech signal. But do they also differ in how they process non-linguistic aspects of speech, such as who is talking? Here, we addressed this question by testing Canadian monolingual and bilingual 9-month-olds on their ability to learn to identify native…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Infants, Speech Communication
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Zhang, Felicia; Jaffe-Dax, Sagi; Wilson, Robert C.; Emberson, Lauren L. – Developmental Science, 2019
Adults use both bottom-up sensory inputs and top-down signals to generate predictions about future sensory inputs. Infants have also been shown to make predictions with simple stimuli and recent work has suggested top-down processing is available early in infancy. However, it is unknown whether this indicates that top-down prediction is an ability…
Descriptors: Prediction, Infants, Adults, Eye Movements
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Nicoladis, Elena; Marentette, Paula; Pika, Simone – Developmental Science, 2019
Monolingual English-speaking preschool children tend to process number gestures as unanalyzed wholes rather than use the one-to-one (finger-to-quantity) correspondence. By school age, however, children can use the one-to-one correspondence. The purpose of the present studies was to test whether children learn one-to-one correspondence through…
Descriptors: Monolingualism, English, Preschool Children, Nonverbal Communication
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Wijeakumar, Sobanawartiny; Kumar, Aarti; Delgado Reyes, Lourdes M.; Tiwari, Madhuri; Spencer, John P. – Developmental Science, 2019
There is a growing need to understand the global impact of poverty on early brain and behavioural development, particularly with regard to key cognitive processes that emerge in early development. Although the impact of adversity on brain development can trap children in an intergenerational cycle of poverty, the massive potential for brain…
Descriptors: Rural Areas, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Poverty, Correlation
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Di Giorgio, Elisa; Lunghi, Marco; Rugani, Rosa; Regolin, Lucia; Dalla Barba, Beatrice; Vallortigara, Giorgio; Simion, Francesca – Developmental Science, 2019
Humans represent numbers on a mental number line with smaller numbers on the left and larger numbers on the right side. A left-to-right oriented spatial-numerical association, (SNA), has been demonstrated in animals and infants. However, the possibility that SNA is learnt by early exposure to caregivers' directional biases is still open. We…
Descriptors: Numbers, Cognitive Processes, Spatial Ability, Neonates
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May, Lillian; Gervain, Judit; Carreiras, Manuel; Werker, Janet F. – Developmental Science, 2018
In this work we ask whether at birth, the human brain responds uniquely to speech, or if similar activation also occurs to a non-speech surrogate 'language'. We compare neural activation in newborn infants to the language heard "in utero" (English), to an unfamiliar language (Spanish), and to a whistled surrogate language (Silbo Gomero)…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Birth, Neonates, Prenatal Influences
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Horváth, Klára; Hannon, Benjamin; Ujma, Peter P.; Gombos, Ferenc; Plunkett, Kim – Developmental Science, 2018
A broad range of studies demonstrate that sleep has a facilitating role in memory consolidation (see Rasch & Born, 2013). Whether sleep-dependent memory consolidation is also apparent in infants in their first few months of life has not been investigated. We demonstrate that 3-month-old infants only remember a cartoon face approximately…
Descriptors: Memory, Infants, Sleep, Habituation
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Park, Joonkoo; van den Berg, Berry; Chiang, Crystal; Woldorff, Marty G.; Brannon, Elizabeth M. – Developmental Science, 2018
Adult neuroimaging studies have demonstrated dissociable neural activation patterns in the visual cortex in response to letters (Latin alphabet) and numbers (Arabic numerals), which suggest a strong experiential influence of reading and mathematics on the human visual system. Here, developmental trajectories in the event-related potential (ERP)…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Neurological Organization, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Alphabets
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Decety, Jean; Meidenbauer, Kimberly L.; Cowell, Jason M. – Developmental Science, 2018
This developmental neuroscience study examined the electrophysiological responses (EEG and ERPs) associated with perspective taking and empathic concern in preschool children, as well as their relation to parental empathy dispositions and children's own prosocial behavior. Consistent with a body of previous studies using stimuli depicting somatic…
Descriptors: Empathy, Preschool Children, Measurement Equipment, Child Development
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Diaz, Vanessa; Farrar, M. Jeffrey – Developmental Science, 2018
Bilingual preschoolers often perform better than monolingual children on false-belief understanding. It has been hypothesized that this is due to their enhanced executive function skills, although this relationship has rarely been tested or supported. The current longitudinal study tested whether metalinguistic awareness was responsible for this…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Longitudinal Studies, Metalinguistics, Executive Function
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Harms, Madeline B.; Shannon Bowen, Katherine E.; Hanson, Jamie L.; Pollak, Seth D. – Developmental Science, 2018
Children who experience severe early life stress show persistent deficits in many aspects of cognitive and social adaptation. Early stress might be associated with these broad changes in functioning because it impairs general learning mechanisms. To explore this possibility, we examined whether individuals who experienced abusive caregiving in…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Anxiety, Early Experience, Cognitive Processes
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Constantinescu, Mihaela; Moore, David S.; Johnson, Scott P.; Hines, Melissa – Developmental Science, 2018
Some cognitive abilities exhibit reliable gender differences, with females outperforming males in specific aspects of verbal ability, and males showing an advantage on certain spatial tasks. Among these cognitive gender differences, differences in mental rotation are the most robust, and appear to be present even in infants. A large body of animal…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Infants, Gender Differences, Spatial Ability
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