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Showing 1 to 15 of 192 results Save | Export
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Knauer, Heather A.; Kariger, Patricia; Jakiela, Pamela; Ozier, Owen; Fernald, Lia C. H. – Developmental Science, 2019
In many low- and middle-income countries, young children learn a mother tongue or indigenous language at home before entering the formal education system where they will need to understand and speak a country's official language(s). Thus, assessments of children before school age, conducted in a nation's official language, may not fully reflect a…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, African Languages, Rural Areas, English (Second Language)
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Lloyd-Fox, Sarah; Blasi, Anna; McCann, Samantha; Rozhko, Maria; Katus, Laura; Mason, Luke; Austin, Topun; Moore, Sophie E.; Elwell, Clare E. – Developmental Science, 2019
The first 1,000 days of life are a critical window of vulnerability to exposure to socioeconomic and health challenges (i.e. poverty/undernutrition). The Brain Imaging for Global Health (BRIGHT) project has been established to deliver longitudinal measures of brain development from 0 to 24 months in UK and Gambian infants and to assess the impact…
Descriptors: Habituation, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Infants, Socioeconomic Status
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Milosavljevic, Bosiljka; Vellekoop, Perijne; Maris, Helen; Halliday, Drew; Drammeh, Saikou; Sanyang, Lamin; Darboe, Momodou K.; Elwell, Clare; Moore, Sophie E.; Lloyd-Fox, Sarah – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants in low-resource settings are at heightened risk for compromised cognitive development due to a multitude of environmental insults in their surroundings. However, the onset of adverse outcomes and trajectory of cognitive development in these settings is not well understood. The aims of the present study were to adapt the Mullen Scales of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Ability, Young Children, Motor Development
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Uy, Jessica P.; Goldenberg, Diane; Tashjian, Sarah M.; Do, Kathy T.; Galván, Adriana – Developmental Science, 2019
Biologically embedded experiences alter developmental trajectories in ways that can influence health, learning, and/or behavior. These systematic differences in experiences may contribute to different biological outcomes as individuals grow and develop, including at the neural level. Previous studies of biologically embedded experiences on…
Descriptors: Physical Environment, Family Environment, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Development
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Ishihara, Toru; Sugasawa, Shigemi; Matsuda, Yusuke; Mizuno, Masao – Developmental Science, 2018
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sports experience (i.e., tennis experience) and executive function in children while controlling for physical activity and physical fitness. Sixty-eight participants (6-12 years old, 34 males and 34 females) were enrolled in regular tennis lessons (mean = 2.4 years,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Children, Physical Fitness, Athletics
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Park, Joonkoo; van den Berg, Berry; Chiang, Crystal; Woldorff, Marty G.; Brannon, Elizabeth M. – Developmental Science, 2018
Adult neuroimaging studies have demonstrated dissociable neural activation patterns in the visual cortex in response to letters (Latin alphabet) and numbers (Arabic numerals), which suggest a strong experiential influence of reading and mathematics on the human visual system. Here, developmental trajectories in the event-related potential (ERP)…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Neurological Organization, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Alphabets
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Yu, Qijing; Daugherty, Ana M.; Anderson, Dana M.; Nishimura, Mayu; Brush, David; Hardwick, Amanda; Lacey, William; Raz, Sarah; Ofen, Noa – Developmental Science, 2018
An individual's socioeconomic status (SES) is often viewed as a proxy for a host of environmental influences. SES disparities have been linked to variance in brain structures particularly the hippocampus, a neural substrate of learning and memory. However, it is unclear whether the association between SES and hippocampal volume is similar in…
Descriptors: Children, Young Adults, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Socioeconomic Status
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Santillán, Jimena; Khurana, Atika – Developmental Science, 2018
Children from lower socioeconomic (SES) backgrounds tend to be at-risk for executive function (EF) impairments by the time they are in preschool, placing them at an early disadvantage for academic success. The present study examined the potentially protective role of bilingual experience on the development of inhibitory control (IC) in 1146 Head…
Descriptors: Child Development, Bilingualism, Spanish, Preschool Children
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Twomey, Katherine E.; Westermann, Gert – Developmental Science, 2018
Infants are curious learners who drive their own cognitive development by imposing structure on their learning environment as they explore. Understanding the mechanisms by which infants structure their own learning is therefore critical to our understanding of development. Here we propose an explicit mechanism for intrinsically motivated…
Descriptors: Infants, Infant Behavior, Child Development, Learning Processes
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Powell, Lindsey J.; Deen, Ben; Saxe, Rebecca – Developmental Science, 2018
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a noninvasive neuroimaging technique that could be uniquely effective for investigating cortical function in human infants. However, prior efforts have been hampered by the difficulty of aligning arrays of fNIRS optodes placed on the scalp to anatomical or functional regions of underlying cortex.…
Descriptors: Spectroscopy, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Infants, Reliability
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Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Murray, Lynne; Simpson, Elizabeth; Heimann, Mikael; Nagy, Emese; Nadel, Jacqueline; Pedersen, Eric J.; Brooks, Rechele; Messinger, Daniel S.; De Pascalis, Leonardo; Subiaul, Francys; Paukner, Annika; Ferrari, Pier F. – Developmental Science, 2018
The meaning, mechanism, and function of imitation in early infancy have been actively discussed since Meltzoff and Moore's (1977) report of facial and manual imitation by human neonates. Oostenbroek et al. (2016) claim to challenge the existence of early imitation and to counter all interpretations so far offered. Such claims, if true, would have…
Descriptors: Neonates, Human Body, Imitation, Infants
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Braithwaite, David W.; Tian, Jing; Siegler, Robert S. – Developmental Science, 2018
Many children fail to master fraction arithmetic even after years of instruction. A recent theory of fraction arithmetic (Braithwaite, Pyke, & Siegler, 2017) hypothesized that this poor learning of fraction arithmetic procedures reflects poor conceptual understanding of them. To test this hypothesis, we performed three experiments examining…
Descriptors: Fractions, Addition, Arithmetic, Hypothesis Testing
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Moriguchi, Yusuke; Shinohara, Ikuko – Developmental Science, 2018
Low executive function (EF) during early childhood is a major risk factor for developmental delay, academic failure, and social withdrawal. Susceptible genes may affect the molecular and biological mechanisms underpinning EF. More specifically, genes associated with the regulation of prefrontal dopamine may modulate the response of prefrontal…
Descriptors: Young Children, Executive Function, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Genetics
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Schwartz, Flora; Epinat-Duclos, Justine; Noveck, Ira; Prado, Jérôme – Developmental Science, 2018
Older interlocutors are more likely than younger ones to make pragmatic inferences, that is, inferences that go beyond the linguistically encoded meaning of a sentence. Here we ask whether pragmatic development is associated with increased activity in brain structures associated with inference-making or in those associated with Theory of Mind. We…
Descriptors: Neurological Organization, Brain, Inferences, Cognitive Structures
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Brito, Natalie H.; Noble, Kimberly G. – Developmental Science, 2018
Family socioeconomic status (SES) is strongly associated with children's cognitive development, and past studies have reported socioeconomic disparities in both neurocognitive skills and brain structure across childhood. In other studies, bilingualism has been associated with cognitive advantages and differences in brain structure across the…
Descriptors: Family Income, Family Characteristics, Socioeconomic Status, Bilingualism
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