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Fröhlich, Marlen; Wittig, Roman M.; Pika, Simone – Developmental Science, 2019
The onset of intentional communication in children's first year of life represents a major milestone in human cognitive development. Similarly, it is well established that our closest living relatives, the great apes, communicate with signals characterized by at least first-order intentionality. Despite the well-documented influence of…
Descriptors: Animals, Development, Communication Strategies, Infants
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Snowling, Margaret J.; Lervåg, Arne; Nash, Hannah M.; Hulme, Charles – Developmental Science, 2019
Speech perception deficits are commonly reported in dyslexia but longitudinal evidence that poor speech perception compromises learning to read is scant. We assessed the hypothesis that phonological skills, specifically phoneme awareness and RAN, mediate the relationship between speech perception and reading. We assessed longitudinal predictive…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Dyslexia, Phonology, Phonemic Awareness
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Plebanek, Daniel J.; Sloutsky, Vladimir M. – Developmental Science, 2019
Selective attention is fundamental for learning across many situations, yet it exhibits protracted development, with young children often failing to filter out distractors. In this research, we examine links between selective attention and working memory (WM) capacity across development. One possibility is that WM is resource-limited, with…
Descriptors: Attention, Young Children, Short Term Memory, Child Development
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Chang, Lucas M.; Deák, Gedeon O. – Developmental Science, 2019
Infant language learning depends on the distribution of co-occurrences "within" language--between words and other words--and "between" language content and events in the world. Yet infant-directed speech is not limited to words that refer to perceivable objects and actions. Rather, caregivers' utterances contain a range of…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Speech Communication, Play
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Birulés, Joan; Bosch, Laura; Brieke, Ricarda; Pons, Ferran; Lewkowicz, David J. – Developmental Science, 2019
Previous findings indicate that bilingual Catalan/Spanish-learning infants attend more to the highly salient audiovisual redundancy cues normally available in a talker's mouth than do monolingual infants. Presumably, greater attention to such cues renders the challenge of learning two languages easier. Spanish and Catalan are, however,…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Attention, Human Body, Infants
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Fecher, Natalie; Johnson, Elizabeth K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Bilingual and monolingual infants differ in how they process linguistic aspects of the speech signal. But do they also differ in how they process non-linguistic aspects of speech, such as who is talking? Here, we addressed this question by testing Canadian monolingual and bilingual 9-month-olds on their ability to learn to identify native…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Infants, Speech Communication
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Pyykkö, Juha; Forssman, Linda; Maleta, Kenneth; Ashorn, Per; Ashorn, Ulla; Leppänen, Jukka M. – Developmental Science, 2019
Eye tracking research has shown that infants develop a repertoire of attentional capacities during the first year. The majority of studies examining the early development of attention comes from Western, high-resource countries. We examined visual attention in a heterogeneous sample of infants in rural Malawi (N = 312-376, depending on analysis).…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Infant Behavior, Attention, Rural Areas
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Willoughby, Michael T.; Piper, Benjamin; Oyanga, Arbogast; Merseth King, Katherine – Developmental Science, 2019
Most of what is known about the association between children's executive function (EF) and school readiness skills is derived from research conducted in Western countries. We tested whether these associations were evident in a middle-income country context. Participants were 1,480 children, aged 4-7 years old, who participated in an endline…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Executive Function, Early Childhood Education, School Readiness
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Lloyd-Fox, Sarah; Blasi, Anna; McCann, Samantha; Rozhko, Maria; Katus, Laura; Mason, Luke; Austin, Topun; Moore, Sophie E.; Elwell, Clare E. – Developmental Science, 2019
The first 1,000 days of life are a critical window of vulnerability to exposure to socioeconomic and health challenges (i.e. poverty/undernutrition). The Brain Imaging for Global Health (BRIGHT) project has been established to deliver longitudinal measures of brain development from 0 to 24 months in UK and Gambian infants and to assess the impact…
Descriptors: Habituation, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Infants, Socioeconomic Status
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Blankenship, Tashauna L.; Slough, Madeline A.; Calkins, Susan D.; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Kim-Spoon, Jungmeen; Bell, Martha Ann – Developmental Science, 2019
This study provides the first analyses connecting individual differences in infant attention to reading achievement through the development of executive functioning (EF) in infancy and early childhood. Five-month-old infants observed a video, and peak look duration and shift rate were video coded and assessed. At 10 months, as well as 3, 4, and…
Descriptors: Attention, Executive Function, Infants, Reading Achievement
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Tummeltshammer, Kristen; Amso, Dima – Developmental Science, 2018
The visual context in which an object or face resides can provide useful top-down information for guiding attention orienting, object recognition, and visual search. Although infants have demonstrated sensitivity to covariation in spatial arrays, it is presently unclear whether they can use rapidly acquired contextual knowledge to guide attention…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Infants, Eye Movements
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Minar, Nicholas J.; Lewkowicz, David J. – Developmental Science, 2018
We tested 4-6- and 10-12-month-old infants to investigate whether the often-reported decline in infant sensitivity to other-race faces may reflect responsiveness to static or dynamic/silent faces rather than a general process of perceptual narrowing. Across three experiments, we tested discrimination of either dynamic own-race or other-race faces…
Descriptors: Infants, Age Differences, Attention, Visual Discrimination
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Cowan, Nelson; Li, Yu; Glass, Bret A.; Scott Saults, J. – Developmental Science, 2018
Presentation of two kinds of materials in working memory (visual and acoustic), with the requirement to attend to one or both modalities, poses an interesting case for working memory development because competing predictions can be formulated. In two experiments, we assessed such predictions with children 7-13 years old and adults. With…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Auditory Perception, Acoustics
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Mehr, Samuel A.; Spelke, Elizabeth S. – Developmental Science, 2018
Five-month-old infants selectively attend to novel people who sing melodies originally learned from a parent, but not melodies learned from a musical toy or from an unfamiliar singing adult, suggesting that music conveys social information to infant listeners. Here, we test this interpretation further in older infants with a more direct measure of…
Descriptors: Infants, Music, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Preferences
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Odic, Darko – Developmental Science, 2018
Young children can quickly and intuitively represent the number of objects in a visual scene through the Approximate Number System (ANS). The precision of the ANS--indexed as the most difficult ratio of two numbers that children can reliably discriminate--is well known to improve with development: whereas infants require relatively large ratios to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics, Number Concepts, Comparative Analysis
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