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Showing 1 to 15 of 282 results Save | Export
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Chernyak, Nadia; Harris, Paul L.; Cordes, Sara – Developmental Science, 2019
Recent work has documented that despite preschool-aged children's understanding of social norms surrounding sharing, they fail to share their resources equally in many contexts. Here we explored two hypotheses for this failure: an "insufficient motivation hypothesis" and an "insufficient cognitive resources hypothesis." With…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Preschool Education, Schemata (Cognition), Age Differences
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Mercure, Evelyne; Kushnerenko, Elena; Goldberg, Laura; Bowden-Howl, Harriet; Coulson, Kimberley; Johnson, Mark H; MacSweeney, Mairéad – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants as young as 2 months can integrate audio and visual aspects of speech articulation. A shift of attention from the eyes towards the mouth of talking faces occurs around 6 months of age in monolingual infants. However, it is unknown whether this pattern of attention during audiovisual speech processing is influenced by speech and language…
Descriptors: Infants, Bilingualism, Auditory Stimuli, Visual Stimuli
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Hahn, Michael; Joechner, Ann-Kathrin; Roell, Judith; Schabus, Manuel; Heib, Dominik P. J.; Gruber, Georg; Peigneux, Philippe; Hoedlmoser, Kerstin – Developmental Science, 2019
Sleep spindles are related to sleep-dependent memory consolidation and general cognitive abilities. However, they undergo drastic maturational changes during adolescence. Here we used a longitudinal approach (across 7 years) to explore whether developmental changes in sleep spindle density can explain individual differences in sleep-dependent…
Descriptors: Sleep, Child Development, Memory, Cognitive Ability
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Bergelson, Elika; Casillas, Marisa; Soderstrom, Melanie; Seidl, Amanda; Warlaumont, Anne S.; Amatuni, Andrei – Developmental Science, 2019
A range of demographic variables influences how much speech young children hear. However, because studies have used vastly different sampling methods, quantitative comparison of interlocking demographic effects has been nearly impossible, across or within studies. We harnessed a unique collection of existing naturalistic, day-long recordings from…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Speech Communication, Age Differences
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Lourenco, Stella F.; Aulet, Lauren S. – Developmental Science, 2019
There is general agreement that humans represent numerical, spatial, and temporal magnitudes from early in development. However, there is disagreement about whether different magnitudes converge within a general magnitude system and whether this system supports behavioral demonstrations of cross-magnitude interactions at different developmental…
Descriptors: Developmental Stages, Infants, Preschool Children, Age Differences
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Fröhlich, Marlen; Wittig, Roman M.; Pika, Simone – Developmental Science, 2019
The onset of intentional communication in children's first year of life represents a major milestone in human cognitive development. Similarly, it is well established that our closest living relatives, the great apes, communicate with signals characterized by at least first-order intentionality. Despite the well-documented influence of…
Descriptors: Animals, Development, Communication Strategies, Infants
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Snowling, Margaret J.; Lervåg, Arne; Nash, Hannah M.; Hulme, Charles – Developmental Science, 2019
Speech perception deficits are commonly reported in dyslexia but longitudinal evidence that poor speech perception compromises learning to read is scant. We assessed the hypothesis that phonological skills, specifically phoneme awareness and RAN, mediate the relationship between speech perception and reading. We assessed longitudinal predictive…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Dyslexia, Phonology, Phonemic Awareness
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Broadbent, Hannah J.; Osborne, Tamsin; Mareschal, Denis; Kirkham, Natasha Z. – Developmental Science, 2019
Multisensory tools are commonly employed within educational settings (e.g. Carter & Stephenson, 2012), and there is a growing body of literature advocating the benefits of presenting children with multisensory information over unisensory cues for learning (Baker & Jordan, 2015; Jordan & Baker, 2011). This is even the case when the…
Descriptors: Multisensory Learning, Teaching Methods, Cues, Retention (Psychology)
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Plebanek, Daniel J.; Sloutsky, Vladimir M. – Developmental Science, 2019
Selective attention is fundamental for learning across many situations, yet it exhibits protracted development, with young children often failing to filter out distractors. In this research, we examine links between selective attention and working memory (WM) capacity across development. One possibility is that WM is resource-limited, with…
Descriptors: Attention, Young Children, Short Term Memory, Child Development
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James, Emma; Gaskell, M. Gareth; Henderson, Lisa M. – Developmental Science, 2019
Prior linguistic knowledge is proposed to support the acquisition and consolidation of new words. Adults typically have larger vocabularies to support word learning than children, but the developing brain shows enhanced neural processes that are associated with offline memory consolidation. This study investigated contributions of prior knowledge…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Vocabulary, Children, Adults
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Gilligan, Katie A.; Hodgkiss, Alex; Thomas, Michael S. C.; Farran, Emily K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Spatial thinking is an important predictor of mathematics. However, existing data do not determine whether all spatial sub-domains are equally important for mathematics outcomes nor whether mathematics-spatial associations vary through development. This study addresses these questions by exploring the developmental relations between mathematics…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Predictor Variables, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Students
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Wu, Jiamin; Chan, John S. Y.; Yan, Jin H. – Developmental Science, 2019
We examined the developmental differences in motor control and learning of a two-segment movement. One hundred and five participants (53 female) were divided into three age groups (7-8 years, 9-10 years and 19-27 years). They performed a two-segment movement task in four conditions (full vision, fully disturbed vision, disturbed vision in the…
Descriptors: Motor Development, Elementary School Students, Task Analysis, Accuracy
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Schneider, Julie M.; Maguire, Mandy J. – Developmental Science, 2019
School-aged and adolescent children continue to demonstrate improvements in how they integrate and comprehend real-time, auditory language over this developmental time period, which can have important implications for academic and social success. To better understand developmental changes in the neural processes engaged during language…
Descriptors: Semantics, Syntax, Language Processing, Error Patterns
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Hoareau, Mélanie; Yeung, H. Henny; Nazzi, Thierry – Developmental Science, 2019
Individual variability in infant's language processing is partly explained by environmental factors, like the quantity of parental speech input, as well as by infant-specific factors, like speech production. Here, we explore how these factors affect infant word segmentation. We used an artificial language to ensure that only statistical…
Descriptors: Infants, Child Language, Language Processing, Environmental Influences
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Lin, Dan; Sun, Huilin; McBride, Catherine – Developmental Science, 2019
In this longitudinal study, we assessed 88 Hong Kong Chinese typically developing kindergarteners' Chinese character reading accuracy four times with 6-month intervals over 1.5 years with the first testing point in the fall of the second year of kindergarten (K2), during which morphological awareness, phonological awareness, orthographic…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Kindergarten, Orthographic Symbols, Written Language
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