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Lloyd-Fox, Sarah; Blasi, Anna; McCann, Samantha; Rozhko, Maria; Katus, Laura; Mason, Luke; Austin, Topun; Moore, Sophie E.; Elwell, Clare E. – Developmental Science, 2019
The first 1,000¬†days of life are a critical window of vulnerability to exposure to socioeconomic and health challenges (i.e. poverty/undernutrition). The Brain Imaging for Global Health (BRIGHT) project has been established to deliver longitudinal measures of brain development from 0 to 24¬†months in UK and Gambian infants and to assess the impact…
Descriptors: Habituation, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Infants, Socioeconomic Status
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Rodic, Maja; Zhou, Xinlin; Tikhomirova, Tatiana; Wei, Wei; Malykh, Sergei; Ismatulina, Victoria; Sabirova, Elena; Davidova, Yulia; Tosto, Maria Grazia; Lemelin, Jean-Pascal; Kovas, Yulia – Developmental Science, 2015
The present study evaluated 626 5-7-year-old children in the UK, China, Russia, and Kyrgyzstan on a cognitive test battery measuring: (1) general skills; (2) non-symbolic number sense; (3) symbolic number understanding; (4) simple arithmetic--operating with numbers; and (5) familiarity with numbers. Although most inter-population differences were…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Mathematics Skills, Numeracy, Number Concepts
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Matthews, Danielle; Behne, Tanya; Lieven, Elena; Tomasello, Michael – Developmental Science, 2012
Despite its importance in the development of children's skills of social cognition and communication, very little is known about the ontogenetic origins of the pointing gesture. We report a training study in which mothers gave children one month of extra daily experience with pointing as compared with a control group who had extra experience with…
Descriptors: Socialization, Social Cognition, Control Groups, Language Acquisition
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Henderson, Lisa M.; Weighall, Anna R.; Brown, Helen; Gaskell, M. Gareth – Developmental Science, 2012
Although the acquisition of a novel word is apparently rapid, adult research suggests that integration of novel and existing knowledge (measured by engagement in lexical competition) requires sleep-associated consolidation. We present the first investigation of whether a similar time-course dissociation characterizes word learning across…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Memory, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Sleep
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Kelly, David J.; Liu, Shaoying; Rodger, Helen; Miellet, Sebastien; Ge, Liezhong; Caldara, Roberto – Developmental Science, 2011
Perception and eye movements are affected by culture. Adults from Eastern societies (e.g. China) display a disposition to process information "holistically," whereas individuals from Western societies (e.g. Britain) process information "analytically." Recently, this pattern of cultural differences has been extended to face…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Eye Movements, Children, Cultural Differences
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Dowker, Ann – Developmental Science, 2008
This study investigated "individual differences" in different aspects of early number concepts in preschoolers. Eighty 4-year-olds from Oxford nursery classes took part. They were tested on accuracy of counting sets of objects; the cardinal word principle; the order irrelevance principle; and predicting the results of repeated addition…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Number Concepts, Subtraction, Preschool Children
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Petrill, Stephen A.; Deater-Deckard, Kirby – Developmental Science, 2004
Prior research suggests shared environmental influences on cognitive performance are important in early childhood. However, few studies have attempted to identify the factors comprising this shared environmental variance. To address this issue, we examined the covariance between task orientation, parental warmth, socioeconomic status and general…
Descriptors: Twins, Young Children, Environmental Influences, Cognitive Ability