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Pellizzoni, Sandra; Apuzzo, Gian Matteo; De Vita, Chiara; Agostini, Tiziano; Passolunghi, Maria Chiara – Developmental Science, 2019
Executive Functions (EFs) development is critically affected by stress and trauma, as well as the socioeconomic context in which children grow up (Welsh, Nix, Blair, Bierman, & Nelson, 2010, Journal of Educational Psychology, 102, 43-53). Research in this field is surprisingly lacking in relation to war contexts. This study represents a first…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Minority Groups, Stress Variables, Trauma
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Mascalzoni, Elena; Regolin, Lucia; Vallortigara, Giorgio; Simion, Francesca – Developmental Science, 2013
Perception of mechanical (i.e. physical) causality, in terms of a cause-effect relationship between two motion events, appears to be a powerful mechanism in our daily experience. In spite of a growing interest in the earliest causal representations, the role of experience in the origin of this sensitivity is still a matter of dispute. Here, we…
Descriptors: Neonates, Logical Thinking, Cues, Motion
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Chinello, Alessandro; Cattani, Veronica; Bonfiglioli, Claudia; Dehaene, Stanislas; Piazza, Manuela – Developmental Science, 2013
In the primate brain, sensory information is processed along two partially segregated cortical streams: the ventral stream, mainly coding for objects' shape and identity, and the dorsal stream, mainly coding for objects' quantitative information (including size, number, and spatial position). Neurophysiological measures indicate that such…
Descriptors: Young Children, Adults, Neurological Organization, Individual Development
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Gori, Monica; Giuliana, Luana; Sandini, Giulio; Burr, David – Developmental Science, 2012
It is still unclear how the visual system perceives accurately the size of objects at different distances. One suggestion, dating back to Berkeley's famous essay, is that vision is calibrated by touch. If so, we may expect different mechanisms involved for near, reachable distances and far, unreachable distances. To study how the haptic system…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Tactual Perception, Children, Adolescents
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Bellagamba, Francesca; Camaioni, Luigia; Colonnesi, Cristina – Developmental Science, 2006
The study investigated children's intention understanding using a longitudinal design. Thirty-two Italian children were tested on the "Demonstration of Intention" in the Re-enactment paradigm devised by Meltzoff (1995a), at two ages. Mean age was 12 months at the first session and 15 months at the second session. Previous research by…
Descriptors: Intention, Children, Foreign Countries, Infants