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Yurovsky, Daniel; Boyer, Ty W.; Smith, Linda B.; Yu, Chen – Developmental Science, 2013
Learning about the structure of the world requires learning probabilistic relationships: rules in which cues do not predict outcomes with certainty. However, in some cases, the ability to track probabilistic relationships is a handicap, leading adults to perform non-normatively in prediction tasks. For example, in the "dilution effect,"…
Descriptors: Cues, Prediction, Infants, Cognitive Ability
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Kail, Robert V.; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Ferrer, Emilio; Cho, Jeung-Ryeul; Shu, Hua – Developmental Science, 2013
The aim of the present work was to examine cultural differences in the development of speed of information processing. Four samples of US children ("N" = 509) and four samples of East Asian children ("N" = 661) completed psychometric measures of processing speed on two occasions. Analyses of the longitudinal data indicated…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Cognitive Processes, Children, Longitudinal Studies