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Pellizzoni, Sandra; Apuzzo, Gian Matteo; De Vita, Chiara; Agostini, Tiziano; Passolunghi, Maria Chiara – Developmental Science, 2019
Executive Functions (EFs) development is critically affected by stress and trauma, as well as the socioeconomic context in which children grow up (Welsh, Nix, Blair, Bierman, & Nelson, 2010, Journal of Educational Psychology, 102, 43-53). Research in this field is surprisingly lacking in relation to war contexts. This study represents a first…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Minority Groups, Stress Variables, Trauma
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Coch, Donna – Developmental Science, 2015
While behavioral and educational data characterize a fourth grade shift in reading development, neuroscience evidence is relatively lacking. We used the N400 component of the event-related potential waveform to investigate the development of single word processing across the upper elementary years, in comparison to adult readers. We presented…
Descriptors: Reading, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Brain
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Perea, Manuel; Mallouh, Reem Abu; Carreiras, Manuel – Developmental Science, 2013
A commonly shared assumption in the field of visual-word recognition is that retinotopic representations are rapidly converted into abstract representations. Here we examine the role of visual form vs. abstract representations during the early stages of word processing--as measured by masked priming--in young children (3rd and 6th Graders) and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Adults, Word Recognition, Language Processing
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Thomas, Laura A.; Hall, Julie M.; Skup, Martha; Jenkins, Sarah E.; Pine, Daniel S.; Leibenluft, Ellen – Developmental Science, 2011
This neuroimaging study examines the development of cognitive flexibility using the Change task in a sample of youths and adults. The Change task requires subjects to inhibit a prepotent response and substitute an alternative response, and the task incorporates an algorithm that adjusts task difficulty in response to subject performance. Data from…
Descriptors: Change, Models, Neurological Organization, Inhibition