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Coch, Donna – Developmental Science, 2015
While behavioral and educational data characterize a fourth grade shift in reading development, neuroscience evidence is relatively lacking. We used the N400 component of the event-related potential waveform to investigate the development of single word processing across the upper elementary years, in comparison to adult readers. We presented…
Descriptors: Reading, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Brain
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Lyons, Ian M.; Price, Gavin R.; Vaessen, Anniek; Blomert, Leo; Ansari, Daniel – Developmental Science, 2014
Math relies on mastery and integration of a wide range of simpler numerical processes and concepts. Recent work has identified several numerical competencies that predict variation in math ability. We examined the unique relations between eight basic numerical skills and early arithmetic ability in a large sample (N = 1391) of children across…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Prado, Jérôme; Mutreja, Rachna; Booth, James R. – Developmental Science, 2014
Mastering single-digit arithmetic during school years is commonly thought to depend upon an increasing reliance on verbally memorized facts. An alternative model, however, posits that fluency in single-digit arithmetic might also be achieved via the increasing use of efficient calculation procedures. To test between these hypotheses, we used a…
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Numeracy, Arithmetic, Computation