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Showing 1 to 15 of 71 results Save | Export
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Hulme, Charles; Zhou, Lulin; Tong, Xiuli; Lervåg, Arne; Burgoyne, Kelly – Developmental Science, 2019
This study investigates the longitudinal predictors of the development of Chinese word reading skills and potential bidirectional relationships between Chinese word reading and oral language skills. We examine, in a 2-year longitudinal study, a wide range of theoretically important predictors (phonological awareness, tone awareness, morphological…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Longitudinal Studies, Predictor Variables, Oral Language
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Murray, Aja Louise; Booth, Tom; Eisner, Manuel; Auyeung, Bonnie; Murray, George; Ribeaud, Denis – Developmental Science, 2019
Previous studies have hinted at sex differences in developmental trajectories in ADHD symptoms; however, little is known about the nature or cause of these differences and their implications for clinical practice. We used growth mixture modelling in a community-ascertained cohort of n = 1,571 participants to study sex differences in ADHD symptom…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Gender Differences, Conceptual Tempo
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Slusser, Emily; Ribner, Andrew; Shusterman, Anna – Developmental Science, 2019
Children's early math skills have been hailed as a powerful predictor of academic success. Disparities in socioeconomic context, however, also have dramatic consequences on children's learning. It is therefore critical to investigate both of these distinct contributors in order to better understand the early foundations of children's academic…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Predictor Variables, Socioeconomic Status, Vocabulary
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Gilligan, Katie A.; Hodgkiss, Alex; Thomas, Michael S. C.; Farran, Emily K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Spatial thinking is an important predictor of mathematics. However, existing data do not determine whether all spatial sub-domains are equally important for mathematics outcomes nor whether mathematics-spatial associations vary through development. This study addresses these questions by exploring the developmental relations between mathematics…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Predictor Variables, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Students
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Tikhomirova, Tatiana; Kuzmina, Yulia; Lysenkova, Irina; Malykh, Sergey – Developmental Science, 2019
In recent years, there has been growing interest among researchers in exploring approximate number sense (ANS)--the ability to estimate and discriminate quantities without the use of symbols. Despite the growing number of studies on ANS, there have been no cross-cultural longitudinal studies to estimate both the development of ANS and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies, Longitudinal Studies, Elementary Schools
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Wu, Jiamin; Chan, John S. Y.; Yan, Jin H. – Developmental Science, 2019
We examined the developmental differences in motor control and learning of a two-segment movement. One hundred and five participants (53 female) were divided into three age groups (7-8 years, 9-10 years and 19-27 years). They performed a two-segment movement task in four conditions (full vision, fully disturbed vision, disturbed vision in the…
Descriptors: Motor Development, Elementary School Students, Task Analysis, Accuracy
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Lin, Dan; Sun, Huilin; McBride, Catherine – Developmental Science, 2019
In this longitudinal study, we assessed 88 Hong Kong Chinese typically developing kindergarteners' Chinese character reading accuracy four times with 6-month intervals over 1.5 years with the first testing point in the fall of the second year of kindergarten (K2), during which morphological awareness, phonological awareness, orthographic…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Kindergarten, Orthographic Symbols, Written Language
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Knauer, Heather A.; Kariger, Patricia; Jakiela, Pamela; Ozier, Owen; Fernald, Lia C. H. – Developmental Science, 2019
In many low- and middle-income countries, young children learn a mother tongue or indigenous language at home before entering the formal education system where they will need to understand and speak a country's official language(s). Thus, assessments of children before school age, conducted in a nation's official language, may not fully reflect a…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, African Languages, Rural Areas, English (Second Language)
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Jasinska, Kaja K.; Wolf, Sharon; Jukes, Matthew C. H.; Dubeck, Margaret M. – Developmental Science, 2019
Literacy is a powerful tool against poverty, leading to further education and vocational success. In sub-Saharan Africa, schoolchildren commonly learn in two languages--African and European. Multiple early literacy skills (including phonological awareness and receptive language) support literacy acquisition, but this has yet to be empirically…
Descriptors: Literacy, Multilingualism, Phonological Awareness, African Languages
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Pitchford, Nicola J.; Chigeda, Antonie; Hubber, Paula J. – Developmental Science, 2019
Globally, gender differences are reported in the early acquisition of reading and mathematics as girls tend to outperform boys in reading, whereas boys tend to outperform girls in mathematics. This can have long-term impact resulting in an under-representation of girls in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics subjects. Recent research…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Computer Software, Low Income, Foreign Countries
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Grossheinrich, Nicola; Schulte-Körne, Gerd; Marschik, Peter B; Kademann, Stefanie; von Suchodoletz, Waldemar; Sachse, Steffi – Developmental Science, 2019
Background: Early intervention for children identified as late talkers (LTs) at the age of 24 months is still a controversial issue in research and clinical routine. Previous studies have shown inconsistent results regarding predictors of early lexical deficits on school-age outcomes of late-talking toddlers. Methods: In a five-wave follow-up…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Child Language, Delayed Speech, Verbal Development
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Younger, Jessica W.; Lee, Keun-Woo; Demir-Lira, Ozlem E.; Booth, James R. – Developmental Science, 2019
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been shown to influence language skills, with children of lower SES backgrounds performing worse on language assessments compared to their higher SES peers. While there is abundant behavioral research on the effects of SES, whether there are differences in the neural mechanisms used to support language skill is less…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Phonological Awareness, Language Skills, Comparative Analysis
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Carroll, Julia M.; Breadmore, Helen L. – Developmental Science, 2018
Children with reading difficulties and children with a history of repeated ear infections (Otitis Media, OM) are both thought to have phonological impairments, but for quite different reasons. This paper examines the profile of phonological and morphological awareness in poor readers and children with OM. Thirty-three poor readers were compared to…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Diseases, Phonemes, Reading Difficulties
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Peterson, Robin L.; Arnett, Anne B.; Pennington, Bruce F.; Byrne, Brian; Samuelsson, Stefan; Olson, Richard K. – Developmental Science, 2018
Previous research has established that learning to read improves children's performance on reading-related phonological tasks, including phoneme awareness (PA) and nonword repetition. Few studies have investigated whether literacy acquisition also promotes children's rapid automatized naming (RAN). We tested the hypothesis that literacy…
Descriptors: Naming, Phonemic Awareness, Twins, Models
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Sasanguie, Delphine; Vos, Helene – Developmental Science, 2018
Digit comparison is strongly related to individual differences in children's arithmetic ability. Why this is the case, however, remains unclear to date. Therefore, we investigated the relative contribution of three possible cognitive mechanisms in first and second graders' digit comparison performance: digit identification, digit--number word…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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