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Showing 151 to 165 of 388 results Save | Export
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Fort, Mathilde; Lammertink, Imme; Peperkamp, Sharon; Guevara-Rukoz, Adriana; Fikkert, Paula; Tsuji, Sho – Developmental Science, 2018
Adults and toddlers systematically associate pseudowords such as "bouba" and "kiki" with round and spiky shapes, respectively, a sound symbolic phenomenon known as the "bouba-kiki effect." To date, whether this sound symbolic effect is a property of the infant brain present at birth or is a learned aspect of language…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Infants, Brain, Language Acquisition
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Bathelt, Joe; Gathercole, Susan E.; Butterfield, Sally; Astle, Duncan E. – Developmental Science, 2018
Literacy and numeracy are important skills that are typically learned during childhood, a time that coincides with considerable shifts in large-scale brain organization. However, most studies emphasize focal brain contributions to literacy and numeracy development by employing case-control designs and voxel-by-voxel statistical comparisons. This…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Academic Achievement, Learning Problems, Literacy
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O'Connor, Patrick A.; Morsanyi, Kinga; McCormack, Teresa – Developmental Science, 2018
Ordinality is a fundamental feature of numbers and recent studies have highlighted the role that number ordering abilities play in mathematical development (e.g., Lyons et al. 2014), as well as mature mathematical performance (e.g., Lyons & Beilock, 2011). The current study tested the novel hypothesis that non-numerical ordering ability, as…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Su, Mengmeng; Thiebaut de Schotten, Michel; Zhao, Jingjing; Song, Shuang; Zhou, Wei; Gong, Gaolang; McBride, Catherine; Ramus, Franck; Shu, Hua – Developmental Science, 2018
The acquisition of language involves the functional specialization of several cortical regions. Connectivity between these brain regions may also change with the development of language. Various studies have demonstrated that the arcuate fasciculus was essential for language function. Vocabulary learning is one of the most important skills in…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development, Children
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Demir-Lira, Özlem Ece; Asaridou, Salomi S.; Raja Beharelle, Anjali; Holt, Anna E.; Goldin-Meadow, Susan; Small, Steven L. – Developmental Science, 2018
Gesture is an integral part of children's communicative repertoire. However, little is known about the neurobiology of speech and gesture integration in the developing brain. We investigated how 8- to 10-year-old children processed gesture that was essential to understanding a set of narratives. We asked whether the functional neuroanatomy of…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Neurology, Biology, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Sasanguie, Delphine; Vos, Helene – Developmental Science, 2018
Digit comparison is strongly related to individual differences in children's arithmetic ability. Why this is the case, however, remains unclear to date. Therefore, we investigated the relative contribution of three possible cognitive mechanisms in first and second graders' digit comparison performance: digit identification, digit--number word…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Archila-Suerte, Pilar; Woods, Elizabeth A.; Chiarello, Christine; Hernandez, Arturo E. – Developmental Science, 2018
The goal of the present study was to examine differences in cortical thickness, cortical surface area, and subcortical volume between bilingual children who are highly proficient in two languages (i.e., English and Spanish) and bilingual children who are mainly proficient in one of the languages (i.e., Spanish). All children (N = 49) learned…
Descriptors: Anatomy, Neurology, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Bilingualism
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Davis, Katie; Margolis, Amy E.; Thomas, Lauren; Huo, Zhiyong; Marsh, Rachel – Developmental Science, 2018
Pediatric reading disorder (RD) is associated with an increased risk of anxiety symptoms, yet understudied are the neurobiological factors that might underlie anxiety in children with RD. Given the role of the amygdala in anxiety, we assessed resting state functional connectivity of amygdalar subregions in children with RD to identify functional…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Risk, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Wakefield, Elizabeth M.; Hall, Casey; James, Karin H.; Goldin-Meadow, Susan – Developmental Science, 2018
Verb learning is difficult for children (Gentner, [Gentner, D., 1982]), partially because children have a bias to associate a novel verb not only with the action it represents, but also with the object on which it is learned (Kersten & Smith, [Kersten, A.W., 2002]). Here we investigate how well 4- and 5-year-old children (N = 48) generalize…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Verbs, Language Acquisition, Young Children
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Lai, Maxine; Zax, Alexandra; Barth, Hilary – Developmental Science, 2018
Learning the meanings of Arabic numerals involves mapping the number symbols to mental representations of their corresponding, approximate numerical quantities. It is often assumed that performance on numerical tasks, such as number line estimation (NLE), is primarily driven by translating from a presented numeral to a mental representation of its…
Descriptors: Numbers, Computation, Children, Adults
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Escudero, Paola; Mulak, Karen E.; Elvin, Jaydene; Traynor, Nicole M. – Developmental Science, 2018
Fifteen-month-olds have difficulty detecting differences between novel words differing in a single vowel. Previous work showed that Australian English (AusE) infants habituated to the word-object pair DEET detected an auditory switch to DIT and DOOT in Canadian English (CanE) but not in their native AusE (Escudero et al., 2014). The authors…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Variation, Phonetics, Vowels
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Foti, Francesca; Menghini, Deny; Alfieri, Paolo; Costanzo, Floriana; Mandolesi, Laura; Petrosini, Laura; Vicari, Stefano – Developmental Science, 2018
New skills may be learned by active experience (experiential learning or learning by doing) or by observation of others' experience (learning by observation). In general, learning by observation reduces the time and the attempts needed to learn complex actions and behaviors. The present research aimed to compare learning by observation and…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Genetic Disorders, Psychomotor Skills, Visual Perception
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Blythe, Hazel I.; Dickins, Jonathan H.; Kennedy, Colin R.; Liversedge, Simon P. – Developmental Science, 2018
There has been considerable variability within the literature concerning the extent to which deaf/hard of hearing individuals are able to process phonological codes during reading. Two experiments are reported in which participants' eye movements were recorded as they read sentences containing correctly spelled words (e.g., church),…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Cognitive Processes
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Wong, Terry Tin-Yau – Developmental Science, 2018
The current study aimed to investigate the relation between conditional reasoning, which is a common type of logical reasoning, and children's mathematical problem solving. A sample of 124 fourth graders was tested for their conditional reasoning skills and their mathematical problem solving skills, as well as a list of control variables (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Correlation, Thinking Skills, Mathematics Skills, Problem Solving
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Sanger, Kevanne Louise; Thierry, Guillaume; Dorjee, Dusana – Developmental Science, 2018
In a non-randomized controlled study, we investigated the efficacy of a school-based mindfulness curriculum delivered by schoolteachers to older secondary school students (16-18 years). We measured changes in emotion processing indexed by P3b event-related potential (ERP) modulations in an affective oddball task using static human faces. ERPs were…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Teaching Methods, Well Being, Secondary School Students
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