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Showing 1 to 15 of 376 results Save | Export
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Mueller, Jutta L.; Friederici, Angela D.; Männel, Claudia – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants' ability to learn complex linguistic regularities from early on has been revealed by electrophysiological studies indicating that 3-month-olds, but not adults, can automatically detect non-adjacent dependencies between syllables. While different ERP responses in adults and infants suggest that both linguistic rule learning and its link to…
Descriptors: Linguistics, Auditory Discrimination, Preschool Children, Syllables
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Chernyak, Nadia; Harris, Paul L.; Cordes, Sara – Developmental Science, 2019
Recent work has documented that despite preschool-aged children's understanding of social norms surrounding sharing, they fail to share their resources equally in many contexts. Here we explored two hypotheses for this failure: an "insufficient motivation hypothesis" and an "insufficient cognitive resources hypothesis." With…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Preschool Education, Schemata (Cognition), Age Differences
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Arunachalam, Sudha; Dennis, Shaun – Developmental Science, 2019
Verbs are often uttered before the events they describe. By 2 years of age, toddlers can learn from such an encounter. Hearing a novel verb in transitive sentences (e.g. "The boy lorped the cat"), even with no visual referent present, they later map it to a causative meaning (e.g. "feed") (e.g. Yuan & Fisher, [Yuan, S.,…
Descriptors: Semantics, Verbs, Toddlers, Vocabulary Development
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Wagner, Katie; Chu, Junyi; Barner, David – Developmental Science, 2019
How do children acquire exact meanings for number words like three or forty-seven? In recent years, a lively debate has probed the cognitive systems that support learning, with some arguing that an evolutionarily ancient "approximate number system" drives early number word meanings, and others arguing that learning is supported chiefly…
Descriptors: Numbers, Number Concepts, Children, Semantics
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Engelhardt, Laura E.; Church, Jessica A.; Paige Harden, K.; Tucker-Drob, Elliot M. – Developmental Science, 2019
Behavioral and molecular genetic research has established that child cognitive ability and academic performance are substantially heritable, but genetic variation does not account for all of the stratification of cognitive and academic outcomes across families. Which specific contexts and experiences contribute to these "shared…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Academic Achievement, Twins, Genetics
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Astle, Duncan E.; Bathelt, Joe; Holmes, Joni – Developmental Science, 2019
Our understanding of learning difficulties largely comes from children with specific diagnoses or individuals selected from community/clinical samples according to strict inclusion criteria. Applying strict exclusionary criteria overemphasizes within group homogeneity and between group differences, and fails to capture comorbidity. Here, we…
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Learning Problems, Comorbidity, Identification
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Bergelson, Elika; Amatuni, Andrei; Dailey, Shannon; Koorathota, Sharath; Tor, Shaelise – Developmental Science, 2019
Measurements of infants' quotidian experiences provide critical information about early development. However, the role of sampling methods in providing these measurements is rarely examined. Here we directly compare language input from hour-long video-recordings and daylong audio-recordings within the same group of 44 infants at 6 and 7 months. We…
Descriptors: Infants, Early Childhood Education, Comparative Analysis, Language Acquisition
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Rabagliati, Hugh; Ferguson, Brock; Lew-Williams, Casey – Developmental Science, 2019
Everyone agrees that infants possess general mechanisms for learning about the world, but the existence and operation of more specialized mechanisms is controversial. One mechanism--rule learning--has been proposed as potentially specific to speech, based on findings that 7-month-olds can learn abstract repetition rules from spoken syllables (e.g.…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Evidence, Infants, Stimuli
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Hendrickson, Kristi; Love, Tracy; Walenski, Matthew; Friend, Margaret – Developmental Science, 2019
The majority of research examining early auditory-semantic processing and organization is based on studies of meaningful relations between words and referents. However, a thorough investigation into the fundamental relation between acoustic signals and meaning requires an understanding of how meaning is associated with both lexical and non-lexical…
Descriptors: Infants, Semantics, Acoustics, Brain
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Mercure, Evelyne; Kushnerenko, Elena; Goldberg, Laura; Bowden-Howl, Harriet; Coulson, Kimberley; Johnson, Mark H; MacSweeney, Mairéad – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants as young as 2 months can integrate audio and visual aspects of speech articulation. A shift of attention from the eyes towards the mouth of talking faces occurs around 6 months of age in monolingual infants. However, it is unknown whether this pattern of attention during audiovisual speech processing is influenced by speech and language…
Descriptors: Infants, Bilingualism, Auditory Stimuli, Visual Stimuli
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Hulme, Charles; Zhou, Lulin; Tong, Xiuli; Lervåg, Arne; Burgoyne, Kelly – Developmental Science, 2019
This study investigates the longitudinal predictors of the development of Chinese word reading skills and potential bidirectional relationships between Chinese word reading and oral language skills. We examine, in a 2-year longitudinal study, a wide range of theoretically important predictors (phonological awareness, tone awareness, morphological…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Longitudinal Studies, Predictor Variables, Oral Language
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LaTourrette, Alexander; Waxman, Sandra R. – Developmental Science, 2019
There is considerable evidence that labeling supports infants' object categorization. Yet in daily life, most of the category exemplars that infants encounter will remain unlabeled. Inspired by recent evidence from machine learning, we propose that infants successfully exploit this sparsely labeled input through "semi-supervised…
Descriptors: Naming, Classification, Identification, Infants
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Piccolo, Luciane R.; Merz, Emily C.; Noble, Kimberly G. – Developmental Science, 2019
A positive school climate has been found to support mental and physical health, academic achievement and social adjustment among youth. However, links between school climate and brain structure have not been investigated to date. In this study, we investigated whether school climate was associated with executive function (EF) and brain structure…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Correlation, Brain, Executive Function
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Brinchmann, Ellen Irén; Braeken, Johan; Lyster, Solveig-Alma Halaas – Developmental Science, 2019
Previous studies of individual differences have revealed strong correlations between children's vocabulary and grammatical abilities, and these data have been used to support theoretical accounts positing direct developmental relations between these two areas of language. However, between-person differences do not necessarily reflect…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Grammar, Language Acquisition, Young Children
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Hahn, Michael; Joechner, Ann-Kathrin; Roell, Judith; Schabus, Manuel; Heib, Dominik P. J.; Gruber, Georg; Peigneux, Philippe; Hoedlmoser, Kerstin – Developmental Science, 2019
Sleep spindles are related to sleep-dependent memory consolidation and general cognitive abilities. However, they undergo drastic maturational changes during adolescence. Here we used a longitudinal approach (across 7 years) to explore whether developmental changes in sleep spindle density can explain individual differences in sleep-dependent…
Descriptors: Sleep, Child Development, Memory, Cognitive Ability
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