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Koopmans, Matthijs – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2017
In the United States, high school attendance and drop-out are important policy concerns receiving extensive coverage in the research literature. Traditionally, the focus in this work is on the summary of dropout rates and mean attendance rates in specific schools, regions or socio-economic groups. However, the question how stable those attendance…
Descriptors: Attendance, Attendance Patterns, Observation, High Schools
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Koponen, Ismo T.; Kokkonen, Tommi; Nousiainen, Maiji – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2017
We discuss here conceptual change and the formation of robust learning outcomes from the viewpoint of complex dynamic systems (CDS). The CDS view considers students' conceptions as context dependent and multifaceted structures which depend on the context of their application. In the CDS view the conceptual patterns (i.e. intuitive conceptions…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Systems Approach, Intuition, Context Effect
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Stamovlasis, Dimitrios – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2017
This paper discusses investigations in science education addressing the nonlinear dynamical hypothesis. Learning science is a suitable field for applying interdisciplinary research and predominately for testing psychological theories. It was demonstrated that in this area the paradigm of complexity and nonlinear dynamics have offered theoretical…
Descriptors: Science Education, Educational Research, Research Methodology, Predictor Variables
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Jörg, Ton – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2017
Reinventing education is the ultimate aim of this contribution. The approach taken is a radical new complexity-inspired bottom-up approach which shows complexity as the fount of creativity and innovation. Organizing complexity accordingly may be the foundation for a new complexified vision of education. It all starts with new thinking in…
Descriptors: Systems Approach, Educational Change, Creativity, Interaction
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Collins, Steve; Ting, Hermia – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2017
This article differentiates approaches to school-based teacher education. It contrasts the pervasive apprenticeship model, to a "naturally integrated" school-based teacher education program that we describe as a complex learning system. Rather than view teacher education as fragmented by separating educational theory (physically based on…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Theory Practice Relationship, Systems Approach, Public Schools
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Koopmans, Matthijs – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2017
There is considerable variation in the dynamical literature in how the term "complexity" is used. While there have been several attempts to describe from an educational perspective what complexity encompasses, the term is frequently used without an explicit definition. To forge a shared understanding of what complexity means, the purpose…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Definitions, Educational Research, Educational Practices
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Koopmans, Matthijs – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2015
The detection of complexity in behavioral outcomes often requires an estimation of their variability over a prolonged time spectrum to assess processes of stability and transformation. Conventional scholarship typically relies on time-independent measures, "snapshots", to analyze those outcomes, assuming that group means and their…
Descriptors: Time, Correlation, Observation, Attendance
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Curin, Raquel Isabel Barrera – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2015
At one time or another, all researchers in mathematics education must face the rather complex question of their epistemological foundations. Discussing epistemological foundations naturally leads to a conversation about theories. Theories and epistemological foundations work in a circular fashion: theories can have epistemological foundations and…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Mathematics Education, Educational Researchers, Educational Research
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Evans, Katherine – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2015
This paper considers the landscape of early childhood education in England to be dominated by discourses of "readiness-for-school" and "readiness-for-learning" that act to heavily stratify the educational spaces inhabited by young children. The "ready-child" is constructed as a normative identity towards which the…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Young Children, Behavior Standards, Social Behavior
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Koopmans, Matthijs – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2014
Causality is an inextricable part of the educational process, as our understanding of what works in education depends on our ability to make causal attributions. Yet, the research and policy literature in education tends to define causality narrowly as the attribution of educational outcomes to intervention effects in a randomized control trial…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Educational Research, Educational Practices, Change
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Trombly, Christopher E. – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2014
As schools, districts, and the overall education system are complex entities, both the approaches taken to improve them and the methods used to study them must be similarly complex. Simple solutions imposed with no regard for schools' or districts' unique contexts hold little promise, while seemingly insignificant differences between those…
Descriptors: Schools, Systems Approach, Educational Improvement, Educational Research
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Kiel, L. Douglas – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2014
Socio-techno-cultural reality, in the current historical era, evolves at a faster rate than do human brain or human institutions. This reality creates a "complexity gap" that reduces human and institutional capacities to adapt to the challenges of late modernity. New insights from the neurosciences may help to reduce the complexity gap.…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Evolution, Biology, Psychology
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Byrne, David – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2014
There is now a developed and extensive literature on the implications of the "complexity frame of reference" (Castellani & Hafferty, 2009) for education in general and pedagogy in particular. This includes a wide range of interesting contributions which consider how complexity can inform, inter alia, research on educational systems…
Descriptors: Instruction, Systems Approach, Higher Education, Undergraduate Study
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Van Geert, Paul; Steenbeek, Henderien – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2014
The notion of complexity--as in "education is a complex system"--has two different meanings. On the one hand, there is the epistemic connotation, with "Complex" meaning "difficult to understand, hard to control". On the other hand, complex has a technical meaning, referring to systems composed of many interacting…
Descriptors: Correlation, Educational Practices, Educational Policy, Educational Research
Le Moigne, Jean-Louis – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2013
To better appreciate the contribution of the "paradigm of complexity" in Educational sciences, this paper proposes a framework discussing its cultural and historical roots. First, it focuses on Giambattista Vico's (1668-1744) critique of René Descartes' method (1637), contrasting Cartesian's principles (evidence, disjunction, linear…
Descriptors: Ethics, Educational Research, Intervention, Systems Approach
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