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Soodla, Piret; Torppa, Minna; Kikas, Eve; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2019
The aim was to examine reading comprehension among elementary school students in two shallow orthographies, Estonian and Finnish. Participants were 619 Estonian children (50% boys) and 292 Finnish children (52% boys) whose reading comprehension was assessed in first, second, third, and sixth grades. The results showed that reading comprehension…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Elementary School Students, Orthographic Symbols, Foreign Countries
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Breton, Theodore R.; Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2018
Latin American students consistently score low on international tests of cognitive skills. In the PISA 2012 results, students in seven Latin American countries had an average score of 395 in mathematics, or about 100 points lower than the average score of 497 in four Scandinavian countries. We estimate the effect of socioeconomic characteristics…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Low Achievement, Scores, Educational Quality
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Mazenod, Anna – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2018
The worth of academic knowledge tends to be tested against global metrics of citations and articles published in high-ranking English language academic journals. This paper examines academic knowledge production in three local fields of research with different national languages (English, Finnish and French). It focuses on knowledge production on…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Research, Apprenticeships, Foreign Countries
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Chong, Pei Wen; Graham, Linda J. – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2017
This comparative analysis investigates the influence of neo-liberal and inclusive discourses in "special" education policy-making in New South Wales, Scotland, Finland and Malaysia. The centrality of competition, selectivity and accountability in the discourses used in New South Wales and Malaysia suggests a system preference for…
Descriptors: Special Education, Educational Policy, Outcomes of Education, Selective Admission
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Liu, Haiqin; Dervin, Fred – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2017
Over the past decade Finnish education has been praised worldwide for its students' "amazing" results in the OECD PISA studies. Thousands of pedagogical tourists--including policy-makers, researchers and educators--have visited the country to find out about the reasons behind the success and to borrow, often uncritically and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Folk Culture, Comparative Education, Books
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Waldow, Florian – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2017
Researchers interested in the global flow of educational ideas and programmes have long been interested in the role of so-called "reference societies." The article investigates how top scorers in large-scale assessments are framed as positive or negative reference societies in the education policy-making debate in German mass media and…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Academic Achievement, Stereotypes, International Assessment
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Engelbrecht, Petra; Savolainen, Hannu; Nel, Mirna; Koskela, Teija; Okkolin, Mari-Anne – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2017
This paper reports on the findings of an international comparative research project where the roles of teachers in the implementation of inclusive education in mainstream-classroom settings in South Africa and Finland were investigated. Inclusive education within this project is broadly defined as welcoming all students to general-education…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Role, Inclusion, Mainstreaming
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Rinne, Risto; Järvinen, Tero; Tikkanen, Jenni; Aro, Mikko – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2016
Neoliberal education policies have altered the operational environments of schools and affected school principals' job descriptions and requirements. As a result of managerialism, decentralisation and marketisation of education, principals are increasingly responsible for profitability, marketing and striving in competition, in addition to their…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Principals, Educational Policy, Educational Change
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Kosunen, Sonja; Carrasco, Alejandro – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2016
Parents evaluate the reputations of the schools when making judgements about their desirability. They try to approximate the quality of schools and the social environment and contrast those with their hopes and fears concerning their child's education. We aim to clarify how the reputations of schools are constructed in Finland and Chile and what…
Descriptors: Preferences, School Choice, Parent Attitudes, Reputation
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Carnoy, Martin; Khavenson, Tatiana; Ivanova, Alina – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2015
In this paper, we develop a multi-level comparative approach to analyse Trends in International Mathematics and Science Survey (TIMSS) and Programme of International Student Achievement (PISA) mathematics results for a country, Russia, where the two tests provide contradictory information about students' relative performance. Russian students do…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Policy, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement
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Gholami, Khalil; Kuusisto, Elina; Tirri, Kirsi – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2015
In this study, we investigated the culture-invariant and culture-dependent nature of teachers' ethical sensitivity in two countries. Our case study involves teachers from Finland (n = 864) representing Western culture, and from Iran (n = 556) representing Eastern culture. Culturally bound elements of ethical sensitivity were studied with the…
Descriptors: Ethics, Case Studies, Foreign Countries, Caring
Soh, Kaycheng – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2014
In PISA 2009, Finland and Singapore were both ranked high among the participating nations and have caught much attention internationally. However, a secondary analysis of the means for Reading achievement show that the differences are rather small and are attributable to spurious precision. Hence, the two nations should be considered as being on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Achievement Rating, Comparative Education
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Gaber, Slavko; Cankar, Gregor; Umek, Ljubica Marjanovic; Tasner, Veronika – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2012
Due to the broad acceptance of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and other comparative studies as instruments of policymaking, its accuracy is essential. This article attempts to demonstrate omissions in the conceptualisation, and consequently in calculation and interpretation, of one of the central points of PISA 2006 and…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Foreign Students, Foreign Countries, Evidence
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Hampden-Thompson, Gillian – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2009
Using data from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), the size of the literacy achievement gap between 15-year-old students from two-parent and those from single-mother households were compared across 18 industrialized nations. This study found that cross-national differences exist in the association between single motherhood…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Parent Participation, Family Structure, Comparative Analysis