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Carr-Hill, Roy – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2018
It has often been lamented that girls are more likely not to attend or to drop-out (for example, because of gender preference by the parents, insecurity, pregnancy, amongst many other postulated factors) or that their achievement even if they stay in school is worse than boys. For the former, UNESCO introduced the Gender Parity Index (GPI), which…
Descriptors: Females, Academic Achievement, Grade Point Average, Gender Differences
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Carr-Hill, Roy – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2012
In developing countries, population estimates and assessments of progress towards the Millennium Development Goals are based increasingly on household surveys. It is not recognised that they are inappropriate for obtaining information about the poorest of the poor. Typically, they omit "by design:" those not in households because they are…
Descriptors: Poverty, Family (Sociological Unit), Slums, Population Trends