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Community College Review203
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Broton, Katharine M. – Community College Review, 2019
Background: Most community college students from low-income families have ambitious educational degree goals, but only a small fraction attains them. For many decades, sociologists have primarily attributed this problem to a cooling out process in which college practitioners diminish students' educational ambitions using academic reorientation…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Community Colleges, Grants, Low Income
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Chen, Yu; Starobin, Soko S. – Community College Review, 2019
Objective: This quantitative study constructed a statistical model to measure family social capital and college social capital among community college students. The authors also examined influences of these two types of social capital constructs on degree aspiration. Method: This study utilized the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Academic Aspiration
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Reyes, Maria; Dache-Gerbino, Amalia; Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia; Gonzalez-Canche, Manuel; Deil-Amen, Regina – Community College Review, 2019
Objective: The process by which students decide to stay in college has been primarily based on models that are independent of geographic context. This article describes the local labor market in which community college students are situated and discusses the multiple and complex ways these labor markets impact student decisions to persist and…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Labor Market, Context Effect, Academic Persistence
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Hu, Xiaodan – Community College Review, 2019
Objective: This study examines whether Louisiana's performance-based funding (PBF) implementation in 2011 impacts various academic outcomes at community colleges, and whether the impact varies for institutions with higher proportions of underrepresented students. Method: Using institutional-level panel data between 2006 and 2016, I employ…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Performance Based Assessment, Educational Finance, Disproportionate Representation
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Park, Elizabeth S. – Community College Review, 2019
Objective: Although immigrant students placed in English as a Second Language (ESL) sequence at community colleges are a growing student population, there is a dearth of research focused on these students in college. This study provides descriptive estimates of community college students' progression through the credit-earning ESL sequence and…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, English (Second Language), Immigrants
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Ortagus, Justin C.; Hu, Xiaodan – Community College Review, 2019
Objectives: In this study, we explore the influence of enrolling initially at a community college before transferring to a 4-year institution on the selectivity of the destination 4-year institution. Method: We leverage nationally representative data and a propensity score matching approach to compare the institutional selectivity between students…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Transfer Students, Two Year College Students, Selective Admission
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Carter, Todd L.; Patterson, Jean A. – Community College Review, 2019
Objective: Most community colleges receiving the Hispanic-Serving Institution (HSI) designation have no specific mission to serve Hispanic students. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore how receiving an HSI designation affects the identity and practices of a community college. Method: Ten years of institutional documents…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Hispanic American Students, Institutional Characteristics
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Kelchen, Robert – Community College Review, 2019
Objective: An increasing number of states are adopting performance-based funding (PBF) systems for their public colleges, but there are concerns that PBF dissuades colleges from recruiting and enrolling students with a lower likelihood of success. Some states have attempted to address this concern by providing additional funds for successfully…
Descriptors: Correlation, Performance, Design, Funding Formulas
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Salinas, Cristobal; Malavé, Ronnie; Torrens, Omar D.; Swingle, Ethan C. – Community College Review, 2019
Objective: The purpose of this narrative study was to document and explore the life experiences of two undocumented Latino students at a community college in Southeastern Florida. The research questions that guided this study are "What are the narratives and lived experiences of undocumented Latino males attending a community college in…
Descriptors: Two Year College Students, Community Colleges, Males, Undocumented Immigrants
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Cutler White, Carol – Community College Review, 2019
Objective: This study of higher education governance had three questions: (a) How does higher education attainment policy vary in type, quantity, and focus across state governance arrangements? (b) How do per capita income, population, educational development, and higher education regional compact combine with state-level higher education…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Higher Education, Educational Attainment, Governance
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Park, Julie J.; Assalone, Amanda E. – Community College Review, 2019
Objectives: What are some of the key reasons Asian American students enroll in community colleges? Method: We utilized qualitative methods, conducting 49 interviews in Southern California with current Asian American community college and transfer students at three institutions. Results: We identified five key reasons why Asian American…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, College Transfer Students, Social Class
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Hu, Xiaodan; Ortagus, Justin C. – Community College Review, 2019
Objective: This study examines the role of community colleges in closing the gender gap in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) by studying whether beginning at a community college improves the likelihood of female students earning their bachelor's degree in STEM. Method: Using nationally representative data, we apply a…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Gender Differences, STEM Education, Females
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Lancaster, James R.; Lundberg, Carol A. – Community College Review, 2019
Objective: This study asked how faculty behaviors and course decisions best predict learning gains for students. Next, it investigated how the identified engaging practices vary based on faculty employment status, course experience, course level taught, and teaching area. Method: The sample was taken from students and faculty at one community…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, College Faculty, Academic Achievement
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Xu, Di; Dadgar, Mina – Community College Review, 2018
Objective: This article examines the effectiveness of remediation for community college students who are identified as having the lowest skills in math. Method: We use transcript data from a state community college system and take advantage of a regression discontinuity design that compares statistically identical students who are assigned to the…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Remedial Mathematics, Instructional Effectiveness
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Sáenz, Victor B.; García-Louis, Claudia; Drake, Anna Peterson; Guida, Tonia – Community College Review, 2018
Objective: The purpose of this study is to apply Yosso's community cultural wealth framework to the experiences of Latino male community college students to understand how they balance family obligations, work, and academics while also navigating their educational pathways. Method: The research team conducted 23 semistructured focus groups with…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Hispanic American Students, Males
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