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Levine, Sarah; Horton, William – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
This study explored whether a month-long instructional intervention in affective evaluation can help struggling high school readers to engage in literary interpretation in ways similar to expert readers' practices. We compared pre- and post-intervention think-aloud protocols from five high school students as they read a literary short story with…
Descriptors: High School Students, Literary Genres, Reading Skills, Intervention
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Tsang, Jessica M.; Blair, Kristen P.; Bofferding, Laura; Schwartz, Daniel L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
How can children's natural perceptuo-motor skills be harnessed for teaching and learning mathematical structure? We address this question in the case of the integers. Existing research suggests that adult mental representations of integers recruit perceptuo-motor functionalities involving symmetry. Building on these findings, we designed a…
Descriptors: Neurological Organization, Mathematics Instruction, Numbers, Grade 4
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Earnest, Darrell – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
This article reports on students' problem-solving approaches across three representations--number lines, coordinate planes, and function graphs--the axes of which conventional mathematics treats in terms of consistent geometric and numeric coordinations. I consider these representations to be a part of a "hierarchical representational…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Graphs, Numbers
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Braithwaite, David W.; Goldstone, Robert L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Learning abstract concepts through concrete examples may promote learning at the cost of inhibiting transfer. The present study investigated one approach to solving this problem: systematically varying superficial features of the examples. Participants learned to solve problems involving a mathematical concept by studying either superficially…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Prior Learning, Problem Solving, Mathematical Concepts
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Shreiner, Tamara L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
People often justify history's place in the curriculum by its relationship to citizenship, yet there is little research to help educators picture how people use historical knowledge for civic purposes. This expert-novice study used the think-aloud method to examine how eight political scientists and eight high school students employed…
Descriptors: History, Political Issues, Protocol Analysis, Expertise
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Stylianides, Gabriel J.; Stylianides, Andreas J. – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
Ambitious teaching is a form of teaching that requires a high level of teacher responsiveness to what students do as they actively engage with the subject matter. Thus, a teacher enacting ambitious teaching is often confronted with uncertainties about how to advance students' learning while also building on students' contributions. In…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Learner Engagement, Student Needs, Relevance (Education)
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López-Íñiguez, Guadalupe; Pozo, Juan Ignacio – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
While many studies have considered the association between teachers' and students' conceptions of teaching and learning and classroom practices, few studies have researched the influence of teachers' conceptions on students' conceptions. Our objective was to analyze the influence of music teachers' conceptions on student…
Descriptors: Music Education, Musical Instruments, Learning Theories, Teacher Attitudes
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Obersteiner, Andreas; Reiss, Kristina; Ufer, Stefan; Luwel, Koen; Verschaffel, Lieven – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
External number representations are commonly used throughout the first years of instruction. The twenty-frame is a grid that contains two rows of 10 dots each, and within each row, dots are organized in two groups of five. The assumption is that children can make use of these structures for enumerating the dots, rather than relying on one-by-one…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Numbers, Number Concepts
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Cho, Byeong-Young – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the type, pattern, and complexity of Internet reading strategies used by seven accomplished high school readers. Individual participants performed an academic Internet reading task with the goal of developing critical questions about their chosen controversial topic. Strategies for Internet reading were…
Descriptors: Internet, Reading Strategies, High School Students, Reading Assignments
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Carretero, Mario; van Alphen, Floor – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
Master narratives frame students' historical knowledge, possibly hindering access to more historical representations. A detailed analysis of students' historical narratives about the origins of their own nation is presented in terms of four master narrative characteristics related to the historical subject, national identification, the main theme…
Descriptors: High School Students, History Instruction, Foreign Countries, Grade 8
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Ni, Yujing; Zhou, Dehui; Li, Xiaoqing; Li, Qiong – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
This study, based on observation of 90 fifth-grade mathematics classes in Chinese elementary schools, examined how the task features, high cognitive demand, multiple representations, and multiple solution methods may relate to classroom discourse. Results indicate that high cognitive demand tasks were associated with teachers' use higher order…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Cognitive Ability, Task Analysis, Mathematics Instruction
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Naaz, Farah; Chariker, Julia H.; Pani, John R. – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
A study was conducted to test the hypothesis that instruction with graphically integrated representations of whole and sectional neuroanatomy is especially effective for learning to recognize neural structures in sectional imagery (such as magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]). Neuroanatomy was taught to two groups of participants using computer…
Descriptors: Brain, Anatomy, Computer Assisted Instruction, Visual Aids
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Zacharia, Zacharias C.; de Jong, Ton – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
This study investigates whether Virtual Manipulatives (VM) within a Physical Manipulatives (PM)-oriented curriculum affect conceptual understanding of electric circuits and related experimentation processes. A pre-post comparison study randomly assigned 194 undergraduates in an introductory physics course to one of five conditions: three…
Descriptors: Energy, Physics, Interviews, Undergraduate Students
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Baroody, Arthur J.; Purpura, David J.; Eiland, Michael D.; Reid, Erin E. – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
Achieving fluency with basic subtraction and add-with-8 or -9 combinations is difficult for primary grade children. A 9-month training experiment entailed evaluating the efficacy of software designed to promote such fluency via guided learning of reasoning strategies. Seventy-five eligible first graders were randomly assigned to one of three…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Thinking Skills, Elementary School Students, Grade 1
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Alibali, Martha W.; Nathan, Mitchell J.; Wolfgram, Matthew S.; Church, R. Breckinridge; Jacobs, Steven A.; Johnson Martinez, Chelsea; Knuth, Eric J. – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
This research investigated how teachers express links between ideas in speech, gestures, and other modalities in middle school mathematics instruction. We videotaped 18 lessons (3 from each of 6 teachers), and within each, we identified "linking episodes"--segments of discourse in which the teacher connected mathematical ideas. For each…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Middle School Students, Middle School Teachers
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