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Chen, Ying-Chih; Park, Soonhye; Hand, Brian – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
This study developed an analytic framework consisting of four patterns of talk and writing that can support students' engagement in construction and critique: "Talk only," "writing only," "use of talk and writing in sequence," and "use of talk and writing simultaneously." This study aimed to examine how each…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Writing (Composition), Teaching Methods
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Ehret, Christian; Hollett, Ty – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
This article argues that current approaches to participatory design research (PDR) risk eliding the affective life of making educational change by locating change in cultural mediation alone. Locating change only in mediation subordinates affect, potentially overlooking lived dimensions of learning and being essential to lasting, transformative…
Descriptors: Participatory Research, Risk, Educational Change, Transformative Learning
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Zavala, Miguel – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
While a science of design (and theory of learning) is certainly useful in design-based research, a participatory design research framework presents an opening for learning scientists to rethink design and learning as processes. Grounded in the autoethnographic investigation of a grassroots organization's design of a local campaign, the author…
Descriptors: Design, Social Change, Participatory Research, Learning
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McWilliams, Jacob – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
This article offers a way forward for educators and researchers interested in drawing on the principles of "queer theory" to inform participatory design. In this article, I aim to achieve two related goals: To introduce new concepts within a critical conceptual practice of questioning and challenging the "heterosexual matrix"…
Descriptors: Social Theories, Sexuality, Educational Research, Research Methodology
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Philip, Thomas M.; Olivares-Pasillas, Maria C.; Rocha, Janet – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
Data visualizations are now commonplace in the public media. The ability to interpret and create such visualizations, as a form of data literacy, is increasingly important for democratic participation. Yet, the cross-disciplinary knowledge and skills needed to produce and use data visualizations and to develop data literacy are not fluidly…
Descriptors: Race, Cultural Literacy, Data, Visualization
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Borge, Marcela; White, Barbara – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
We proposed and evaluated an instructional framework for increasing students' ability to understand and regulate collaborative interactions called Co-Regulated Collaborative Learning (CRCL). In this instantiation of CRCL, models of collaborative competence were articulated through a set of socio-metacognitive roles. Our population consisted of 28…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Cooperative Learning, Mixed Methods Research, Urban Schools
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Crosson, Amy C.; McKeown, Margaret G. – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
This study investigated how middle school students leverage information about bound Latin roots (e.g., "voc" in "advocate" and "vociferous") to infer meanings of unfamiliar words, and how instruction may facilitate morphological analysis using roots. A dynamic assessment of morphological analysis was administered to…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Metalinguistics, Latin, Inferences
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Tzou, Carrie; Meixi; Suárez, Enrique; Bell, Philip; LaBonte, Don; Starks, Elizabeth; Bang, Megan – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
This article presents findings from TechTales, a participatory design research (PDR) project where learning scientists, public library staff members, informal science educators, and staff members from Native-American-serving organizations collaborated to design a family-based robotics workshop that was grounded in storytelling. We approach this by…
Descriptors: Robotics, STEM Education, Computer Software, Participatory Research
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González, Gloriana; DeJarnette, Anna F. – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Group work has been a main activity recommended by mathematics education reform. We aim at describing the patterns of interaction between teachers and students during group work. We ask: How do teachers scaffold group work during a problem-based lesson? We use data from a problem-based lesson taught in six geometry class periods by two teachers…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Groups, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Geometry
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Richland, Lindsey Engle – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Deictic linking gestures, hand and arm motions that physically embody links being communicated between two or more objects in the shared communicative environment, are explored in a cross-cultural sample of mathematics instruction. Linking gestures are specifically examined here when they occur in the context of communicative analogies designed to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nonverbal Communication, Role, Mathematics Instruction
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Kolikant, Yifat Ben-David; Pollack, Sarah – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Successful collaborative learning is often conceptualized in terms of convergence, a process through which participants' shared understanding increases. This conceptualization does not capture certain successful collaborative learning processes, especially in the humanities, where multiple perspectives are often celebrated. Such is the context of…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Cooperative Learning, Conflict, High School Students
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Freedman, Eric B. – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Scholars often define historical reasoning as constructing defensible interpretations of past events. Drawing on critical theory, this article suggests that it also entails consciously framing one's topic of inquiry. The article examines an instructional unit that aimed to foster this expanded view of historiography. Forty students, ages 14-15,…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Critical Thinking, Teaching Methods, War
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Loughlin, Sandra; Grossnickle, Emily; Dinsmore, Daniel; Alexander, Patricia – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Art-based reading instruction and interventions for elementary and middle school students are growing in popularity despite scant theoretical rationale and empirical research support. This study explored the degree to which painting comprehension processes map onto text comprehension processes in this population. In particular, we used think aloud…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Art Education, Painting (Visual Arts), Elementary School Students
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Roelle, Julian; Berthold, Kirsten – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
In an experiment, prior to processing instructional explanations N = 75 students received either (a) contrasting cases plus comparison prompts, (b) contrasting cases plus provided comparisons (i.e., model answers to the comparison prompts), or (c) no preparation intervention. We found that the learners with preparation intervention learned more…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Cues
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Manz, Eve – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
This article addresses how we can develop learning environments that establish a need for scientific practices and provide a context for developing content knowledge through practice. It argues that Pickering's (1995) notion of "The Mangle of Practice" informs these efforts by focusing our attention on how resistance, or push-back from…
Descriptors: Science Process Skills, Knowledge Level, Science Instruction, Elementary School Science
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