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Larrain, Antonia; Freire, Paulina; López, Patricia; Grau, Valeska – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Peer argumentation, especially the discussion of contrary points of view, has experimentally been found to be effective in promoting science content knowledge, but how this occurs is still unknown. The available explanations are insufficient because they do not account for the evidence showing that gains in content knowledge are unrelated to group…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Peer Influence, Middle School Students, Science Instruction
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Reisman, Abby; Brimsek, Emily; Hollywood, Claire – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
A troubling gap exists between the current state of history assessment and the knowledge and skills deemed essential for students to thrive in the 21st century. We propose a new assessment of historical thinking that represents a promising alignment with extant cognitive research, as well as with the practices that undergird the discipline. In…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Persuasive Discourse, Test Construction, Scoring Rubrics
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Van Straaten, Dick; Wilschut, Arie; Oostdam, Ron; Fukkink, Ruben – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Although history standards generally aim at developing historical consciousness among secondary school students, there is not much research-based knowledge to support making connections between the past, the present, and the future in history teaching. This study examines the effects of teaching analogous cases of an enduring human issue in 2…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Secondary School Students, Relevance (Education), Case Method (Teaching Technique)
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Shah, Niral; Lewis, Colleen M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Research on collaborative learning has focused on its potential to foster successful problem solving. Less attention, though, has been given to issues of equity. In this article, we investigate how inequity can become amplified and attenuated within collaborative learning through small interactional moves that accumulate to produce broader…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Computer Science Education, Student Participation, Elementary School Students
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Morra, Sergio; Bisagno, Elisa; Caviola, Sara; Delfante, Chiara; Mammarella, Irene Cristina – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article reconsiders Case's theory of central conceptual structures (CCS), examining the relation between working memory and the acquisition of quantitative CCS. The lead hypothesis is that the development of working memory capacity shapes the development of quantitative concepts (whole and rational numbers). Study I, with 779 children from…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Concept Formation, Children, Early Adolescents
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Smirnov, Natalia; Saiyed, Gulnaz; Easterday, Matthew W.; Lam, Wan Shun Eva – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Journalism can serve as a generative disciplinary context for developing civic and information literacies needed to meaningfully participate in an increasingly networked and mediated public sphere. Using interviews with journalists, we developed a cognitive task analysis model, identifying an iterative sequence of production and domain-specific…
Descriptors: Information Literacy, Task Analysis, Journalism Education, Journalism
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Fonger, Nicole L.; Stephens, Ana; Blanton, Maria; Isler, Isil; Knuth, Eric; Gardiner, Angela Murphy – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Learning progressions have been demarcated by some for science education, or only concerned with levels of sophistication in student thinking as determined by logical analyses of the discipline. We take the stance that learning progressions can be leveraged in mathematics education as a form of curriculum research that advances a linked…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Education, Algebra, Research and Development
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Whitacre, Ian – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
I present a viable learning trajectory for prospective elementary teachers' number sense development with a focus on whole-number place value, addition, and subtraction. I document a chronology of classroom mathematical practices in a Number and Operations course. The findings provide insights into prospective elementary teachers' number sense…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics
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Baaijen, Veerle M.; Galbraith, David – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This study compares a problem-solving account of discovery through writing, which attributes discovery to strategic rhetorical planning and assumes discovery is associated with better quality text, to a dual-process account, which attributes discovery to the combined effect of 2 conflicting processes with opposing relationships to text quality.…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Writing Strategies, Metacognition, Correlation
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Taylor, Katie Headrick – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This essay examines the role of public education in the process of place-remaking that relies on a false separation between teaching and issues of race, politics, and power. I construct a historical case study of my hometown that presents a counter narrative, presented by students, of race and legacy in the context of a public school and the…
Descriptors: Role of Education, Public Education, Public Schools, Race
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Levin, Mariana – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article elaborates a new direction for studying the construction of novel strategies that enables researchers to model the conceptual underpinnings of students' observable strategic actions during episodes of mathematical problem solving. The nature of the relationship between conceptual and procedural knowledge has been persistently debated…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Algebra, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Harlow, Danielle B.; Dwyer, Hilary A.; Hansen, Alexandria K.; Iveland, Ashley O.; Franklin, Diana M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article integrates an ecological approach and design-based research in computer science education research by following the simultaneous development of a computer programming environment and curriculum for elementary school age children over 2-1/2 years. We studied the alignment of the affordances provided by the programming environment and…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Elementary School Students, Programming, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique)
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Marin, Ananda; Bang, Megan – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This case study focuses on a Native American family's experience on a walk in an urban forest preserve. Drawing on interaction analysis traditions, we analyze video data and transcript data to characterize how learning unfolds in place, in this case an urban forest. We build on this analysis, as well as the work of Indigenous scholars, to…
Descriptors: American Indians, Family Involvement, Environmental Education, Outdoor Education
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Hostetler, Andrew; Sengupta, Pratim; Hollett, Ty – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
In this article, we argue that when complex sociopolitical issues such as ethnocentrism and racial segregation are represented as complex, emergent systems using agent-based computational models (in short agent-based models or ABMs), discourse about these representations can disrupt social studies teacher candidates' dispositions of teaching…
Descriptors: Social Studies, Learning Activities, Race, Power Structure
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Mateos, Mar; Martín, Elena; Cuevas, Isabel; Villalón, Ruth; Martínez, Isabel; González-Lamas, Jara – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of 2 different types of intervention aimed at improving written argumentative synthesis by integrating conflicting information from different sources. Both interventions combined the use of a guide with collaborative practice, but one of them also included explicit strategy instruction. Only…
Descriptors: Writing Improvement, Persuasive Discourse, Synthesis, Information Sources
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