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Hurley, Eric A.; Allen, Brenda A.; Boykin, A. Wade – Cognition and Instruction, 2009
This study tests the hypothesis that cultural differences in group orientation predict an interaction between the student variable--ethnicity--and a learning context variable--reward structure--on math performance after group learning. One hundred and thirty-two African-American and European-American female and male fourth and fifth grade students…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Mathematics Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Interaction
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Casey, Beth M.; Andrews, Nicole; Schindler, Holly; Kersh, Joanne E.; Samper, Alexandra; Copley, Juanita – Cognition and Instruction, 2008
This study investigated the use of block-building interventions to develop spatial-reasoning skills in kindergartners. Two intervention conditions and a control condition were included to determine, first, whether the block building activities themselves benefited children's spatial skills, and secondly, whether a story context further improved…
Descriptors: Visualization, Spatial Ability, Intervention, Kindergarten
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Mwangi, Wangari; Sweller, John – Cognition and Instruction, 1998
First of three experiments compared third graders who had studied worked, two-step arithmetic word problems to those learning through conventional problem solving. The former grouped showed superior test performance. In experiments two and three, children presented with integrated worked examples outperformed those presented with split-source…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Skills, Primary Education