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Showing 1 to 15 of 37 results Save | Export
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Vieira, Camilo; Magana, Alejandra J.; Roy, Anindya; Falk, Michael L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Creating explanations is an important process for students, not only to make connections between novel information and background knowledge, but also to be able to communicate their understanding of any given topic. This article explores students' explanations in the context of computational science and engineering, an important interdisciplinary…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Comprehension, Computation, Programming
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Alonzo, Alicia C.; Elby, Andrew – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
As scientific models of student thinking, learning progressions (LPs) have been evaluated in terms of one important, but limited, criterion: fit to empirical data. We argue that LPs are not empirically adequate, largely because they rely on problematic assumptions of theory-like coherence in students' thinking. Through an empirical investigation…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Physics, Models, Learning Processes
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Radoff, Jennifer; Jaber, Lama Ziad; Hammer, David – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
We study the case of Marya, a freshman engineering major who showed and spoke of a drastic shift in her feelings and approach to learning physics during an introductory course. For the first several weeks, she was anxiously manipulating equations without considering physical meaning, and she was terribly worried about being correct. By the end of…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Engineering Education, Physics, Science Instruction
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Fonger, Nicole L.; Stephens, Ana; Blanton, Maria; Isler, Isil; Knuth, Eric; Gardiner, Angela Murphy – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Learning progressions have been demarcated by some for science education, or only concerned with levels of sophistication in student thinking as determined by logical analyses of the discipline. We take the stance that learning progressions can be leveraged in mathematics education as a form of curriculum research that advances a linked…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Education, Algebra, Research and Development
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Harlow, Danielle B.; Dwyer, Hilary A.; Hansen, Alexandria K.; Iveland, Ashley O.; Franklin, Diana M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article integrates an ecological approach and design-based research in computer science education research by following the simultaneous development of a computer programming environment and curriculum for elementary school age children over 2-1/2 years. We studied the alignment of the affordances provided by the programming environment and…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Elementary School Students, Programming, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique)
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Marin, Ananda; Bang, Megan – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This case study focuses on a Native American family's experience on a walk in an urban forest preserve. Drawing on interaction analysis traditions, we analyze video data and transcript data to characterize how learning unfolds in place, in this case an urban forest. We build on this analysis, as well as the work of Indigenous scholars, to…
Descriptors: American Indians, Family Involvement, Environmental Education, Outdoor Education
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Rau, Martina A.; Wu, Sally P. W. – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Connection-making among multiple representations is a crucial but difficult competence in STEM learning. Prior research has focused on one type of learning process involved in connection-making: sense-making processes leading to conceptual understanding of connections. Yet, other research suggests that a second type of learning process is…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Teaching Methods, Visual Perception, Control Groups
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Stylianides, Gabriel J.; Stylianides, Andreas J. – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
Ambitious teaching is a form of teaching that requires a high level of teacher responsiveness to what students do as they actively engage with the subject matter. Thus, a teacher enacting ambitious teaching is often confronted with uncertainties about how to advance students' learning while also building on students' contributions. In…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Learner Engagement, Student Needs, Relevance (Education)
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López-Íñiguez, Guadalupe; Pozo, Juan Ignacio – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
While many studies have considered the association between teachers' and students' conceptions of teaching and learning and classroom practices, few studies have researched the influence of teachers' conceptions on students' conceptions. Our objective was to analyze the influence of music teachers' conceptions on student…
Descriptors: Music Education, Musical Instruments, Learning Theories, Teacher Attitudes
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Steffe, Leslie P. – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
In this article, the author wishes to emphasize two fundamental points related to theory that were significantly underplayed in Simon et al.'s "A Developing Approach to Studying Students' Learning through Their Mathematical Activity" (2010). The author believes these points are central to any study of children's mathematical learning. The first…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Learning Activities, Learning Theories, Mathematics Activities
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Simon, Martin; Saldanha, Luis; McClintock, Evan; Akar, Gulseren Karagoz; Watanabe, Tad; Zembat, Ismail Ozgur – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
We discuss an emerging program of research on a particular aspect of mathematics learning, students' learning through their own mathematical activity as they engage in particular mathematical tasks. Prior research in mathematics education has characterized learning trajectories of students by specifying a series of conceptual steps through which…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Learning Processes, Research Methodology, Mathematics Activities
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Pugh, Kevin J.; Linnenbrink-Garcia, Lisa; Koskey, Kristin L. K.; Stewart, Victoria C.; Manzey, Christine – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
The Teaching for Transformative Experiences in Science (TTES) model is designed to foster transformative experiences (e.g., experiences with science content involving the application of that content in ways that expand perception and value in everyday experience). This study presents a case study of a high school biology teacher learning to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Conflict, Biology, Science Instruction
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Abrahamson, Dor – Cognition and Instruction, 2009
This article reports on a case study from a design-based research project that investigated how students make sense of the disciplinary tools they are taught to use, and specifically, what personal, interpersonal, and material resources support this process. The probability topic of binomial distribution was selected due to robust documentation of…
Descriptors: Intuition, Grade 4, Probability, Thinking Skills
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Smith, Carol L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2007
This study explores whether the development of students' understanding of matter as something that occupies space and has weight involves conceptual change and restructuring rather than only simple belief revision. Based on an analysis of how the concepts in students' initial matter theory (henceforth MT1) may differ from the concepts in the…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Concept Formation, Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts
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Craig, Scotty D.; Sullins, Jeremiah; Witherspoon, Amy; Gholson, Barry – Cognition and Instruction, 2006
We investigated the impact of dialogue and deep-level-reasoning questions on vicarious learning in 2 studies with undergraduates. In Experiment 1, participants learned material by interacting with AutoTutor or by viewing 1 of 4 vicarious learning conditions: a noninteractive recorded version of the AutoTutor dialogues, a dialogue with a…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Logical Thinking, Dialogs (Language), Learning Processes
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