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Mateos, Mar; Martín, Elena; Cuevas, Isabel; Villalón, Ruth; Martínez, Isabel; González-Lamas, Jara – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of 2 different types of intervention aimed at improving written argumentative synthesis by integrating conflicting information from different sources. Both interventions combined the use of a guide with collaborative practice, but one of them also included explicit strategy instruction. Only…
Descriptors: Writing Improvement, Persuasive Discourse, Synthesis, Information Sources
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Simones, Lilian; Rodger, Matthew; Schroeder, Franziska – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study centers upon a piano learning and teaching environment in which beginners and intermediate piano students (N = 48) learning to perform a specific type of staccato were submitted to three different (group-exclusive) teaching conditions: "audio-only" demonstration of the musical task; observation of the teacher's action…
Descriptors: Musical Instruments, Music Education, Teaching Methods, Observation
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Hawes, Zachary; Moss, Joan; Caswell, Beverly; Naqvi, Sarah; MacKinnon, Sharla – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study describes the implementation and effects of a 32-week teacher-led spatial reasoning intervention in K-2 classrooms. The intervention targeted spatial visualization skills as an integrated feature of regular mathematics instruction. Compared to an active control group, children in the spatial intervention demonstrated gains in spatial…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Geometry
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Roelle, Julian; Berthold, Kirsten – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
In an experiment, prior to processing instructional explanations N = 75 students received either (a) contrasting cases plus comparison prompts, (b) contrasting cases plus provided comparisons (i.e., model answers to the comparison prompts), or (c) no preparation intervention. We found that the learners with preparation intervention learned more…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Cues
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van Galen, Mirte S.; Reitsma, Pieter – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
Predictions of the Identical Elements (IE) model of arithmetic fact representation (Rickard, 2005; Rickard & Bourne, 1996) about transfer between arithmetic facts were tested in primary school children. The aim of the study was to test whether the IE model, constructed to explain adult performance, also applies to children. The IE model…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Multiplication, Recall (Psychology), Arithmetic