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Mateos, Mar; Martín, Elena; Cuevas, Isabel; Villalón, Ruth; Martínez, Isabel; González-Lamas, Jara – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of 2 different types of intervention aimed at improving written argumentative synthesis by integrating conflicting information from different sources. Both interventions combined the use of a guide with collaborative practice, but one of them also included explicit strategy instruction. Only…
Descriptors: Writing Improvement, Persuasive Discourse, Synthesis, Information Sources
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Stadtler, Marc; Scharrer, Lisa; Brummernhenrich, Benjamin; Bromme, Rainer – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
Past research has shown that readers often fail to notice conflicts in text. In our present study we investigated whether accessing information from multiple documents instead of a single document might alleviate this problem by motivating readers to integrate information. We further tested whether this effect would be moderated by source…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Online Searching, Internet, Information Seeking
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Stromso, Helge I.; Braten, Ivar; Britt, M. Anne; Ferguson, Leila E. – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
This study used think-aloud methodology to explore undergraduates' spontaneous attention to and use of source information while reading six documents that presented conflicting views on a controversial social scientific issue in a Google-like environment. Results showed that students explicitly and implicitly paid attention to sources of documents…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Information Sources, Critical Reading
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Macedo-Rouet, Monica; Braasch, Jason L. G.; Britt, M. Anne; Rouet, Jean-Francois – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
In two experiments, we examined fourth and fifth graders' comprehension of the source of information in texts presenting controversial issues. In Experiment 1, participants read short texts in which two people presented different arguments regarding an issue. Participants identified who said what and evaluated each source's knowledge of the issue.…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5, Reading Comprehension
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Maier, Johanna; Richter, Tobias – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
When reading multiple texts about controversial scientific issues, learners must construct a coherent mental representation of the issue based on conflicting information that can be more or less belief-consistent. The present experiment investigated the effects of text-belief consistency on the situation model and memory for text. Students read…
Descriptors: Information Seeking, Science and Society, Information Sources, Critical Reading