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Showing 1 to 15 of 43 results Save | Export
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de Roock, Roberto Santiago; Baildon, Mark – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
There is a great need for interrogating the politics of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) learning at a global level and for STEM literacies that include robust sociopolitical analysis. This article analyzes neoliberal underpinnings of STEM discourse on an online portal created for pedagogic use with primary and secondary…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, STEM Education, Neoliberalism, Citizenship Education
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Herrenkohl, Leslie Rupert; Lee, Jiyoung; Kong, Fan; Nakamura, Susie; Imani, Kimia; Nasu, Kari; Hartman, Ansel; Pennant, Benjamin; Tran, Elisa; Wang, Everet; Eslami, Noushyar Panahpour; Whittlesey, Daniel; Whittlesey, David; Huynh, Tri Minh; Jung, Allen; Batalon, Chris; Bell, Adam; Headrick Taylor, Katie – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Previous research demonstrates that social and interpersonal factors, more than academic preparation, affect decisions by under-represented students to stay in or to leave STEM fields. Yet, much of the theorizing about STEM learning in higher education begins with conceptual and epistemological dimensions. We make the case for a new theoretical…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Undergraduate Students, Minority Group Students, Mentors
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Larrain, Antonia; Freire, Paulina; López, Patricia; Grau, Valeska – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Peer argumentation, especially the discussion of contrary points of view, has experimentally been found to be effective in promoting science content knowledge, but how this occurs is still unknown. The available explanations are insufficient because they do not account for the evidence showing that gains in content knowledge are unrelated to group…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Peer Influence, Middle School Students, Science Instruction
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Van Straaten, Dick; Wilschut, Arie; Oostdam, Ron; Fukkink, Ruben – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Although history standards generally aim at developing historical consciousness among secondary school students, there is not much research-based knowledge to support making connections between the past, the present, and the future in history teaching. This study examines the effects of teaching analogous cases of an enduring human issue in 2…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Secondary School Students, Relevance (Education), Case Method (Teaching Technique)
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Morra, Sergio; Bisagno, Elisa; Caviola, Sara; Delfante, Chiara; Mammarella, Irene Cristina – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article reconsiders Case's theory of central conceptual structures (CCS), examining the relation between working memory and the acquisition of quantitative CCS. The lead hypothesis is that the development of working memory capacity shapes the development of quantitative concepts (whole and rational numbers). Study I, with 779 children from…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Concept Formation, Children, Early Adolescents
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Baaijen, Veerle M.; Galbraith, David – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This study compares a problem-solving account of discovery through writing, which attributes discovery to strategic rhetorical planning and assumes discovery is associated with better quality text, to a dual-process account, which attributes discovery to the combined effect of 2 conflicting processes with opposing relationships to text quality.…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Writing Strategies, Metacognition, Correlation
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Mateos, Mar; Martín, Elena; Cuevas, Isabel; Villalón, Ruth; Martínez, Isabel; González-Lamas, Jara – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of 2 different types of intervention aimed at improving written argumentative synthesis by integrating conflicting information from different sources. Both interventions combined the use of a guide with collaborative practice, but one of them also included explicit strategy instruction. Only…
Descriptors: Writing Improvement, Persuasive Discourse, Synthesis, Information Sources
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Simones, Lilian; Rodger, Matthew; Schroeder, Franziska – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study centers upon a piano learning and teaching environment in which beginners and intermediate piano students (N = 48) learning to perform a specific type of staccato were submitted to three different (group-exclusive) teaching conditions: "audio-only" demonstration of the musical task; observation of the teacher's action…
Descriptors: Musical Instruments, Music Education, Teaching Methods, Observation
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Kainulainen, Mikko; McMullen, Jake; Lehtinen, Erno – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Difficulties with rational numbers have been explained by a natural number bias, where concepts of natural numbers are inappropriately applied to rational numbers. Overcoming this difficulty may require a radical restructuring of previous knowledge. In order to capture this development, we examined third- to fifth-grade students' understanding of…
Descriptors: Numbers, Foreign Countries, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Hawes, Zachary; Moss, Joan; Caswell, Beverly; Naqvi, Sarah; MacKinnon, Sharla – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study describes the implementation and effects of a 32-week teacher-led spatial reasoning intervention in K-2 classrooms. The intervention targeted spatial visualization skills as an integrated feature of regular mathematics instruction. Compared to an active control group, children in the spatial intervention demonstrated gains in spatial…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Geometry
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Sun, Jingjng; Anderson, Richard C.; Perry, Michelle; Lin, Tzu-Jung – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Social skills involved in leadership were examined in a problem-solving activity in which 252 Chinese 5th-graders worked in small groups on a spatial-reasoning puzzle. Results showed that students who engaged in peer-managed small-group discussions of stories prior to problem solving produced significantly better solutions and initiated…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Cooperative Learning
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Manches, Andrew; O'Malley, Claire – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
This article focuses on how the representational properties of manipulatives affect the strategies children employ in problem solving. Two studies examined the effect of physical materials on 4-7-year-old children's problem solving strategies in a numerical (i.e., additive composition) task. The first study showed how children not only identified…
Descriptors: Manipulative Materials, Object Manipulation, Young Children, Problem Solving
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Richland, Lindsey Engle – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Deictic linking gestures, hand and arm motions that physically embody links being communicated between two or more objects in the shared communicative environment, are explored in a cross-cultural sample of mathematics instruction. Linking gestures are specifically examined here when they occur in the context of communicative analogies designed to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nonverbal Communication, Role, Mathematics Instruction
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Kolikant, Yifat Ben-David; Pollack, Sarah – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Successful collaborative learning is often conceptualized in terms of convergence, a process through which participants' shared understanding increases. This conceptualization does not capture certain successful collaborative learning processes, especially in the humanities, where multiple perspectives are often celebrated. Such is the context of…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Cooperative Learning, Conflict, High School Students
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Roelle, Julian; Berthold, Kirsten – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
In an experiment, prior to processing instructional explanations N = 75 students received either (a) contrasting cases plus comparison prompts, (b) contrasting cases plus provided comparisons (i.e., model answers to the comparison prompts), or (c) no preparation intervention. We found that the learners with preparation intervention learned more…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Cues
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