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Showing 1 to 15 of 38 results Save | Export
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Morra, Sergio; Bisagno, Elisa; Caviola, Sara; Delfante, Chiara; Mammarella, Irene Cristina – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article reconsiders Case's theory of central conceptual structures (CCS), examining the relation between working memory and the acquisition of quantitative CCS. The lead hypothesis is that the development of working memory capacity shapes the development of quantitative concepts (whole and rational numbers). Study I, with 779 children from…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Concept Formation, Children, Early Adolescents
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Liu, Chunhua; Carraher, David W.; Schliemann, AnalĂșcia D.; Wagoner, Paul – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
In a 1-hour teaching interview, 20 children (aged 7 to 11) discovered how to tell whether objects might be made of the same material by using ratios of measures of weight and size. We examine progress in the children's reasoning about measurement and proportional relations, as well as design features of instruments, materials, and tasks crafted to…
Descriptors: Children, Preadolescents, Measurement, Cognitive Development
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Falk, Ruma – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
To conceive the infinity of integers, one has to realize: (a) the unending possibility of increasing/decreasing numbers (potential infinity), (b) that the cardinality of the set of numbers is greater than that of any finite set (actual infinity), and (c) that the leap from a finite to an infinite set is itself infinite (immeasurable gap). Three…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Experiments, Children, Adults
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Radinsky, Josh – Cognition and Instruction, 2008
Learning science includes learning to argue with "inscriptions": images used to symbolize information persuasively. This study examined sixth-graders learning to invest inscriptions with representational status, in a geographic information system (GIS)-based science investigation. Learning to reason with inscriptions was studied in emergent…
Descriptors: Information Systems, Cognitive Development, Plate Tectonics, Science Instruction
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Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E.; Barrows, Howard S. – Cognition and Instruction, 2008
This article describes a detailed analysis of knowledge building in a problem-based learning group. Knowledge building involves increasing the collective knowledge of a group through social discourse. For knowledge building to occur in the classroom, the teacher needs to create opportunities for constructive discourse in order to support student…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Problem Based Learning, Inquiry, Group Behavior
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Varelas, Maria; Pappas, Christine C. – Cognition and Instruction, 2006
The nature and evolution of intertextuality was studied in 2 urban primary-grade classrooms, focusing on read-alouds of an integrated science-literacy unit. The study provides evidence that both debunks deficit theories for urban children by highlighting funds of knowledge that these children bring to the classroom and the sense they make of them…
Descriptors: Semiotics, Urban Schools, Primary Education, Language Acquisition
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Baroody, Arthur J.; Brach, Catherine; Tai, Yu-chi – Cognition and Instruction, 2006
A schema based view of addition development is compared with Siegler's latest strategy-choice model, which includes an addition goal sketch (a basic understanding of "the goals and causal relations" of addition; Siegler & Crowley, 1994, p. 196). This metacognitive component in the latter model is presumed to develop as a child practices a basic…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Models, Cognitive Development
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Sfard, Anna; Lavie, Irit – Cognition and Instruction, 2005
Based on close observations of two 4-year-old children responding to their parents' requests for quantitative comparisons, we offer a "participationist" account of the origins and development of numerical thinking, one that portrays numbers as a product rather than a pregiven object of human communication. In parallel, we propose a…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Number Concepts, Mathematics Instruction
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diSessa, Andrea A. – Cognition and Instruction, 2004
The premise of this article is that the study of representation is valuable and important for mathematics and science students. Learning about representation should go beyond learning specific, sanctioned representations emphasized in standard curricula (graphs, tables, etc.) to include principles and design strategies that apply to any scientific…
Descriptors: Science Education, Mathematics Education, Cognitive Development, Learning Problems
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Barrett, Jeffrey E.; Clements, Douglas H. – Cognition and Instruction, 2003
This article describes how children build increasingly abstract knowledge of linear measurement, emphasizing ways they relate space and number. Assessments indicate children struggle to understand measurement, especially concepts related to complex paths as in perimeter tasks. This article draws on developmental accounts of children's knowledge of…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Cognitive Processes, Constructivism (Learning), Geometric Concepts
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Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet – Cognition and Instruction, 2003
This interview study gathered information about the prior knowledge and thinking of kindergarten to third- graders regarding the supply of water, heat, and light to modern homes. Findings indicated that students possessed only limited and spotty knowledge about utilities in modern homes. Within general trends, there was evidence of growth in…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Comparative Analysis
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Sarama, Julie; Clements, Douglas H.; Swaminathan, Sudha; McMillen, Sue; Gonzalez Gomez, Rosa M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2003
Investigated the development among fourth-graders of two-dimensional space concepts within a mathematics unit on grids, coordinates, and rectangles. Found that students' knowledge of grid and coordinate systems related to levels of competence in number sense, spatial-geometric relationships, and the ability to discriminate and integrate the two…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Concept Formation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Sherin, Bruce L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2001
Analyzed a corpus of videotapes in which university students solved physics problems to determine how students learn to understand a physics equation. Found that students learn to understand physics equations in terms of a vocabulary of elements called symbolic forms, each associating a simple conceptual schema with a pattern of symbols. Findings…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Educational Practices, Learning Processes, Physics
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Otero, Jose; Graesser, Arthur C. – Cognition and Instruction, 2001
Evaluated the PREG conceptual model of human question asking. Found the model was sufficient as it accounted for nearly all of the questions produced by students, and was discriminating in that it could identify the conditions in which particular classes of questions are or are not generated. (Author/SD)
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Expository Writing
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Hammer, David; Schifter, Deborah – Cognition and Instruction, 2001
Examined a conversation among high school physics teachers concerning a classroom discussion and teacher-written essays about their first- and second-graders' early reasoning about triangles. The examination sought to: (1) gain insight into the inquiry of teaching; (2) explore similarities and differences between inquiry in teaching and in…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Educational Practices, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary Secondary Education
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