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Roelle, Julian; Berthold, Kirsten – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
In an experiment, prior to processing instructional explanations N = 75 students received either (a) contrasting cases plus comparison prompts, (b) contrasting cases plus provided comparisons (i.e., model answers to the comparison prompts), or (c) no preparation intervention. We found that the learners with preparation intervention learned more…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Cues
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Obersteiner, Andreas; Reiss, Kristina; Ufer, Stefan; Luwel, Koen; Verschaffel, Lieven – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
External number representations are commonly used throughout the first years of instruction. The twenty-frame is a grid that contains two rows of 10 dots each, and within each row, dots are organized in two groups of five. The assumption is that children can make use of these structures for enumerating the dots, rather than relying on one-by-one…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Numbers, Number Concepts
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Stadtler, Marc; Scharrer, Lisa; Brummernhenrich, Benjamin; Bromme, Rainer – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
Past research has shown that readers often fail to notice conflicts in text. In our present study we investigated whether accessing information from multiple documents instead of a single document might alleviate this problem by motivating readers to integrate information. We further tested whether this effect would be moderated by source…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Online Searching, Internet, Information Seeking
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Maier, Johanna; Richter, Tobias – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
When reading multiple texts about controversial scientific issues, learners must construct a coherent mental representation of the issue based on conflicting information that can be more or less belief-consistent. The present experiment investigated the effects of text-belief consistency on the situation model and memory for text. Students read…
Descriptors: Information Seeking, Science and Society, Information Sources, Critical Reading
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Feucht, Florian C.; Bendixen, Lisa D. – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
The current study examines the personal epistemology of fourth-grade elementary school teachers from Germany (n = 10) and the United States (n = 10) to gain a more nuanced understanding of teachers' beliefs about knowledge and knowing through a cross-cultural lens. Analyses of semi-structured interviews reveal similarities and differences in the…
Descriptors: Interviews, Foreign Countries, Elementary School Teachers, Epistemology