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Sun, Jingjng; Anderson, Richard C.; Perry, Michelle; Lin, Tzu-Jung – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Social skills involved in leadership were examined in a problem-solving activity in which 252 Chinese 5th-graders worked in small groups on a spatial-reasoning puzzle. Results showed that students who engaged in peer-managed small-group discussions of stories prior to problem solving produced significantly better solutions and initiated…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Cooperative Learning
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Ni, Yujing; Zhou, Dehui; Li, Xiaoqing; Li, Qiong – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
This study, based on observation of 90 fifth-grade mathematics classes in Chinese elementary schools, examined how the task features, high cognitive demand, multiple representations, and multiple solution methods may relate to classroom discourse. Results indicate that high cognitive demand tasks were associated with teachers' use higher order…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Cognitive Ability, Task Analysis, Mathematics Instruction
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Ding, Meixia; Li, Xiaobao – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
This study examines presentations of the distributive property (DP) in two widely used U.S. elementary text series and one main Chinese text series along three dimensions: problem contexts, typical problem types within each problem context, and variability in using the DP. In general, the two U.S. texts were found to resemble each other but to…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Mathematics Education, Textbooks, Elementary School Mathematics
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Li, Xiaobao; Ding, Meixia; Capraro, Mary Margaret; Capraro, Robert M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2008
This study reports findings from comparative samples of sixth-grade Chinese and U.S. students' interpretations of the equal sign. Ninety-eight percent of the Chinese sample correctly answered 4 items indicating conceptions of equality and provided conceptually accurate explanations. In contrast, only 28% of the U.S. sample performed at this level.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Symbols (Mathematics), Grade 6