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Showing 1 to 15 of 20 results Save | Export
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Vieira, Camilo; Magana, Alejandra J.; Roy, Anindya; Falk, Michael L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Creating explanations is an important process for students, not only to make connections between novel information and background knowledge, but also to be able to communicate their understanding of any given topic. This article explores students' explanations in the context of computational science and engineering, an important interdisciplinary…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Comprehension, Computation, Programming
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Radoff, Jennifer; Jaber, Lama Ziad; Hammer, David – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
We study the case of Marya, a freshman engineering major who showed and spoke of a drastic shift in her feelings and approach to learning physics during an introductory course. For the first several weeks, she was anxiously manipulating equations without considering physical meaning, and she was terribly worried about being correct. By the end of…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Engineering Education, Physics, Science Instruction
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Herrenkohl, Leslie Rupert; Lee, Jiyoung; Kong, Fan; Nakamura, Susie; Imani, Kimia; Nasu, Kari; Hartman, Ansel; Pennant, Benjamin; Tran, Elisa; Wang, Everet; Eslami, Noushyar Panahpour; Whittlesey, Daniel; Whittlesey, David; Huynh, Tri Minh; Jung, Allen; Batalon, Chris; Bell, Adam; Headrick Taylor, Katie – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Previous research demonstrates that social and interpersonal factors, more than academic preparation, affect decisions by under-represented students to stay in or to leave STEM fields. Yet, much of the theorizing about STEM learning in higher education begins with conceptual and epistemological dimensions. We make the case for a new theoretical…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Undergraduate Students, Minority Group Students, Mentors
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Buenrostro, Patricia M.; Radinsky, Josh – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Critical math and science educators have argued for pedagogies that focus on equity, social justice, and the identities of learners. To inform debates about the purposes and values of math and science pedagogy, we need to better understand how different kinds of curriculum and instruction are taken up by learners over time. This study examines the…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Social Justice, Equal Education
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Baaijen, Veerle M.; Galbraith, David – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This study compares a problem-solving account of discovery through writing, which attributes discovery to strategic rhetorical planning and assumes discovery is associated with better quality text, to a dual-process account, which attributes discovery to the combined effect of 2 conflicting processes with opposing relationships to text quality.…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Writing Strategies, Metacognition, Correlation
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Rau, Martina A.; Wu, Sally P. W. – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Connection-making among multiple representations is a crucial but difficult competence in STEM learning. Prior research has focused on one type of learning process involved in connection-making: sense-making processes leading to conceptual understanding of connections. Yet, other research suggests that a second type of learning process is…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Teaching Methods, Visual Perception, Control Groups
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Whitacre, Ian; Rumsey, Chepina – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article contributes to the research literature concerning prospective elementary teachers' mathematical thinking and learning with a focus on flexibility. We present a case study of a prospective elementary teachers' development of flexibility in mental addition and subtraction during a Number and Operations course. Building upon the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Social Influences, Preservice Teachers, Elementary Education
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Lewis, Katherine E.; Lynn, Dylan M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
In this article, we provide a novel view of mathematics learning disability (MLD) by studying a student with an MLD (Dylan) who had compensated so effectively that she was able to major in statistics. We push back on the dominant deficit model used in studies of MLD, and consider issues of access and compensation from a Vygotskian theoretical…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Learning Disabilities, Majors (Students), Academic Accommodations (Disabilities)
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Balloo, Kieran; Pauli, Regina; Worrell, Marcia – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
A range of conceptions held about research methods learning have previously been identified. This study aimed to examine in-depth shared conceptions among undergraduate psychology students. Utilizing Q methodology, which links both quantitative and qualitative methodologies to uncover the subjective viewpoints that a group of individuals hold…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Psychology, Student Research, Research Methodology
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Conlin, Luke D.; Scherr, Rachel E. – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Students in inquiry science classrooms face an essential tension between sharing new ideas and critically evaluating those ideas. This tension poses affective risks that can discourage further discussion, such as the embarrassment of having an idea rejected. In this article, we analyze the discourse of three groups of undergraduate physics…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Small Group Instruction, Inquiry
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van Es, Elizabeth A.; Cashen, Mary; Barnhart, Tara; Auger, Anamarie – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Video is used extensively in teacher preparation, raising questions about what and how preservice teachers learn through video observation and analysis. We investigate the development of candidates' noticing of ambitious mathematics pedagogy in the context of a video-based course designed to cultivate ways of seeing and interpreting classroom…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Preservice Teachers
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Ghousseini, Hala – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study addresses how rehearsals of teaching could support teachers in developing mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT). The analysis of 30 rehearsals, from elementary methods courses in 3 teacher education programs, attends to what novice teachers and teacher educators did in rehearsal that enlisted MKT. The findings elaborate the tasks…
Descriptors: Knowledge Base for Teaching, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Methods Courses
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Larkin, Douglas B.; Maloney, Tanya; Perry-Ryder, Gail M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
This study describes the experiences of two preservice science teachers as they progress through their respective teacher education programs and uses critical race theory to examine the manner in which conceptions about race and its pedagogical implications change over time. Using a longitudinal case study method, participants' conceptual…
Descriptors: Race, Teaching Methods, Attitude Change, Racial Bias
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Stieff, Mike; Lira, Matthew E.; Scopelitis, Stephanie A. – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
The present article describes two studies that examine the impact of teaching students to use gesture to support spatial thinking in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) discipline of chemistry. In Study 1 we compared the effectiveness of instruction that involved either watching gesture, reproducing gesture, or reading…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Organic Chemistry, STEM Education, Research Universities
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Roelle, Julian; Berthold, Kirsten – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
In an experiment, prior to processing instructional explanations N = 75 students received either (a) contrasting cases plus comparison prompts, (b) contrasting cases plus provided comparisons (i.e., model answers to the comparison prompts), or (c) no preparation intervention. We found that the learners with preparation intervention learned more…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Cues
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