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Showing 1 to 15 of 37 results Save | Export
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Vitale, Jonathan M.; Applebaum, Lauren; Linn, Marcia C. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Graphs illustrating complex scientific relationships require students to integrate multiple concepts and visual features into a coherent understanding. We investigate ways to support students in integrating their understanding of density concepts through a graph that is linked to a simulation depicting the relationship between mass, volume, and…
Descriptors: Graphs, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Grade 8
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David, Samuel S.; Pacheco, Mark B.; Jiménez, Robert T. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This study examined how middle-grades language arts teachers learned to integrate a small-group collaborative translation activity into their teaching practice. We discuss what we call "pedagogical translation" as an emergent social practice, in which translation routines that are familiar to multilingual students may be leveraged toward…
Descriptors: Language Teachers, Middle School Teachers, Cooperative Learning, Group Activities
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Herrenkohl, Leslie Rupert; Lee, Jiyoung; Kong, Fan; Nakamura, Susie; Imani, Kimia; Nasu, Kari; Hartman, Ansel; Pennant, Benjamin; Tran, Elisa; Wang, Everet; Eslami, Noushyar Panahpour; Whittlesey, Daniel; Whittlesey, David; Huynh, Tri Minh; Jung, Allen; Batalon, Chris; Bell, Adam; Headrick Taylor, Katie – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Previous research demonstrates that social and interpersonal factors, more than academic preparation, affect decisions by under-represented students to stay in or to leave STEM fields. Yet, much of the theorizing about STEM learning in higher education begins with conceptual and epistemological dimensions. We make the case for a new theoretical…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Undergraduate Students, Minority Group Students, Mentors
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Davis, Natalie R.; Schaeffer, Janelle – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
The study of water as a K-12 science idea often divorces its properties from its deeply politicized history as a resource that has been limited, compromised, and intentionally withheld from nondominant communities. Although a robust body of scholarship has aptly critiqued decontextualized and depoliticized pedagogies and called for critical…
Descriptors: Water Pollution, Elementary School Science, Science Instruction, Political Issues
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Larrain, Antonia; Freire, Paulina; López, Patricia; Grau, Valeska – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Peer argumentation, especially the discussion of contrary points of view, has experimentally been found to be effective in promoting science content knowledge, but how this occurs is still unknown. The available explanations are insufficient because they do not account for the evidence showing that gains in content knowledge are unrelated to group…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Peer Influence, Middle School Students, Science Instruction
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Reisman, Abby; Brimsek, Emily; Hollywood, Claire – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
A troubling gap exists between the current state of history assessment and the knowledge and skills deemed essential for students to thrive in the 21st century. We propose a new assessment of historical thinking that represents a promising alignment with extant cognitive research, as well as with the practices that undergird the discipline. In…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Persuasive Discourse, Test Construction, Scoring Rubrics
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Shah, Niral; Lewis, Colleen M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Research on collaborative learning has focused on its potential to foster successful problem solving. Less attention, though, has been given to issues of equity. In this article, we investigate how inequity can become amplified and attenuated within collaborative learning through small interactional moves that accumulate to produce broader…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Computer Science Education, Student Participation, Elementary School Students
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Levin, Mariana – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article elaborates a new direction for studying the construction of novel strategies that enables researchers to model the conceptual underpinnings of students' observable strategic actions during episodes of mathematical problem solving. The nature of the relationship between conceptual and procedural knowledge has been persistently debated…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Algebra, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Harlow, Danielle B.; Dwyer, Hilary A.; Hansen, Alexandria K.; Iveland, Ashley O.; Franklin, Diana M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article integrates an ecological approach and design-based research in computer science education research by following the simultaneous development of a computer programming environment and curriculum for elementary school age children over 2-1/2 years. We studied the alignment of the affordances provided by the programming environment and…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Elementary School Students, Programming, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique)
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Ma, Jasmine Y. – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study interrogates the contributions of multi-party, whole-body interactions to students' collaboration and negotiation of mathematics ideas in a task setting called walking scale geometry, where bodies in interaction became complex resources for students' emerging goals in problem solving. Whole bodies took up overlapping roles representing…
Descriptors: Human Body, Interaction, Cooperative Learning, Mathematics Instruction
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Kainulainen, Mikko; McMullen, Jake; Lehtinen, Erno – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Difficulties with rational numbers have been explained by a natural number bias, where concepts of natural numbers are inappropriately applied to rational numbers. Overcoming this difficulty may require a radical restructuring of previous knowledge. In order to capture this development, we examined third- to fifth-grade students' understanding of…
Descriptors: Numbers, Foreign Countries, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Grotzer, Tina A.; Derbiszewska, Katarzyna; Solis, S. Lynneth – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Research has focused on students' difficulties understanding phenomena in which agency is distributed across actors whose individual-level behaviors converge to result in collective outcomes. Building on Levy and Wilensky (2008), this study identified features of distributed causality students understand and that may offer affordances for…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Grade 6, Interviews, Pretests Posttests
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Sun, Jingjng; Anderson, Richard C.; Perry, Michelle; Lin, Tzu-Jung – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Social skills involved in leadership were examined in a problem-solving activity in which 252 Chinese 5th-graders worked in small groups on a spatial-reasoning puzzle. Results showed that students who engaged in peer-managed small-group discussions of stories prior to problem solving produced significantly better solutions and initiated…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Cooperative Learning
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Booker, Angela; Goldman, Shelley – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
Success and failure in formal mathematics education has been used to legitimize stratification. We describe participatory design research as a methodology for systemic repair. The analysis describes epistemic authority--exercising the right or the power to know--as a form of agency in processes of mathematical problem solving and learning. We…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Participatory Research, Participant Observation, Family Involvement
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Chen, Ying-Chih; Park, Soonhye; Hand, Brian – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
This study developed an analytic framework consisting of four patterns of talk and writing that can support students' engagement in construction and critique: "Talk only," "writing only," "use of talk and writing in sequence," and "use of talk and writing simultaneously." This study aimed to examine how each…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Writing (Composition), Teaching Methods
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