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Vitale, Jonathan M.; Applebaum, Lauren; Linn, Marcia C. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Graphs illustrating complex scientific relationships require students to integrate multiple concepts and visual features into a coherent understanding. We investigate ways to support students in integrating their understanding of density concepts through a graph that is linked to a simulation depicting the relationship between mass, volume, and…
Descriptors: Graphs, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Grade 8
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David, Samuel S.; Pacheco, Mark B.; Jiménez, Robert T. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This study examined how middle-grades language arts teachers learned to integrate a small-group collaborative translation activity into their teaching practice. We discuss what we call "pedagogical translation" as an emergent social practice, in which translation routines that are familiar to multilingual students may be leveraged toward…
Descriptors: Language Teachers, Middle School Teachers, Cooperative Learning, Group Activities
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Herrenkohl, Leslie Rupert; Lee, Jiyoung; Kong, Fan; Nakamura, Susie; Imani, Kimia; Nasu, Kari; Hartman, Ansel; Pennant, Benjamin; Tran, Elisa; Wang, Everet; Eslami, Noushyar Panahpour; Whittlesey, Daniel; Whittlesey, David; Huynh, Tri Minh; Jung, Allen; Batalon, Chris; Bell, Adam; Headrick Taylor, Katie – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Previous research demonstrates that social and interpersonal factors, more than academic preparation, affect decisions by under-represented students to stay in or to leave STEM fields. Yet, much of the theorizing about STEM learning in higher education begins with conceptual and epistemological dimensions. We make the case for a new theoretical…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Undergraduate Students, Minority Group Students, Mentors
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Larrain, Antonia; Freire, Paulina; López, Patricia; Grau, Valeska – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Peer argumentation, especially the discussion of contrary points of view, has experimentally been found to be effective in promoting science content knowledge, but how this occurs is still unknown. The available explanations are insufficient because they do not account for the evidence showing that gains in content knowledge are unrelated to group…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Peer Influence, Middle School Students, Science Instruction
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Reisman, Abby; Brimsek, Emily; Hollywood, Claire – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
A troubling gap exists between the current state of history assessment and the knowledge and skills deemed essential for students to thrive in the 21st century. We propose a new assessment of historical thinking that represents a promising alignment with extant cognitive research, as well as with the practices that undergird the discipline. In…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Persuasive Discourse, Test Construction, Scoring Rubrics
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Levin, Mariana – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article elaborates a new direction for studying the construction of novel strategies that enables researchers to model the conceptual underpinnings of students' observable strategic actions during episodes of mathematical problem solving. The nature of the relationship between conceptual and procedural knowledge has been persistently debated…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Algebra, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Ma, Jasmine Y. – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study interrogates the contributions of multi-party, whole-body interactions to students' collaboration and negotiation of mathematics ideas in a task setting called walking scale geometry, where bodies in interaction became complex resources for students' emerging goals in problem solving. Whole bodies took up overlapping roles representing…
Descriptors: Human Body, Interaction, Cooperative Learning, Mathematics Instruction
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Booker, Angela; Goldman, Shelley – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
Success and failure in formal mathematics education has been used to legitimize stratification. We describe participatory design research as a methodology for systemic repair. The analysis describes epistemic authority--exercising the right or the power to know--as a form of agency in processes of mathematical problem solving and learning. We…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Participatory Research, Participant Observation, Family Involvement
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Richland, Lindsey Engle – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Deictic linking gestures, hand and arm motions that physically embody links being communicated between two or more objects in the shared communicative environment, are explored in a cross-cultural sample of mathematics instruction. Linking gestures are specifically examined here when they occur in the context of communicative analogies designed to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nonverbal Communication, Role, Mathematics Instruction
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Freedman, Eric B. – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Scholars often define historical reasoning as constructing defensible interpretations of past events. Drawing on critical theory, this article suggests that it also entails consciously framing one's topic of inquiry. The article examines an instructional unit that aimed to foster this expanded view of historiography. Forty students, ages 14-15,…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Critical Thinking, Teaching Methods, War
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Loughlin, Sandra; Grossnickle, Emily; Dinsmore, Daniel; Alexander, Patricia – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Art-based reading instruction and interventions for elementary and middle school students are growing in popularity despite scant theoretical rationale and empirical research support. This study explored the degree to which painting comprehension processes map onto text comprehension processes in this population. In particular, we used think aloud…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Art Education, Painting (Visual Arts), Elementary School Students
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Earnest, Darrell – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
This article reports on students' problem-solving approaches across three representations--number lines, coordinate planes, and function graphs--the axes of which conventional mathematics treats in terms of consistent geometric and numeric coordinations. I consider these representations to be a part of a "hierarchical representational…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Graphs, Numbers
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Carretero, Mario; van Alphen, Floor – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
Master narratives frame students' historical knowledge, possibly hindering access to more historical representations. A detailed analysis of students' historical narratives about the origins of their own nation is presented in terms of four master narrative characteristics related to the historical subject, national identification, the main theme…
Descriptors: High School Students, History Instruction, Foreign Countries, Grade 8