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Davis, Natalie R.; Schaeffer, Janelle – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
The study of water as a K-12 science idea often divorces its properties from its deeply politicized history as a resource that has been limited, compromised, and intentionally withheld from nondominant communities. Although a robust body of scholarship has aptly critiqued decontextualized and depoliticized pedagogies and called for critical…
Descriptors: Water Pollution, Elementary School Science, Science Instruction, Political Issues
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Harlow, Danielle B.; Dwyer, Hilary A.; Hansen, Alexandria K.; Iveland, Ashley O.; Franklin, Diana M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article integrates an ecological approach and design-based research in computer science education research by following the simultaneous development of a computer programming environment and curriculum for elementary school age children over 2-1/2 years. We studied the alignment of the affordances provided by the programming environment and…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Elementary School Students, Programming, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique)
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Kainulainen, Mikko; McMullen, Jake; Lehtinen, Erno – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Difficulties with rational numbers have been explained by a natural number bias, where concepts of natural numbers are inappropriately applied to rational numbers. Overcoming this difficulty may require a radical restructuring of previous knowledge. In order to capture this development, we examined third- to fifth-grade students' understanding of…
Descriptors: Numbers, Foreign Countries, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Sun, Jingjng; Anderson, Richard C.; Perry, Michelle; Lin, Tzu-Jung – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Social skills involved in leadership were examined in a problem-solving activity in which 252 Chinese 5th-graders worked in small groups on a spatial-reasoning puzzle. Results showed that students who engaged in peer-managed small-group discussions of stories prior to problem solving produced significantly better solutions and initiated…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Cooperative Learning
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Chen, Ying-Chih; Park, Soonhye; Hand, Brian – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
This study developed an analytic framework consisting of four patterns of talk and writing that can support students' engagement in construction and critique: "Talk only," "writing only," "use of talk and writing in sequence," and "use of talk and writing simultaneously." This study aimed to examine how each…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Writing (Composition), Teaching Methods
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Borge, Marcela; White, Barbara – Cognition and Instruction, 2016
We proposed and evaluated an instructional framework for increasing students' ability to understand and regulate collaborative interactions called Co-Regulated Collaborative Learning (CRCL). In this instantiation of CRCL, models of collaborative competence were articulated through a set of socio-metacognitive roles. Our population consisted of 28…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Cooperative Learning, Mixed Methods Research, Urban Schools
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Earnest, Darrell – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
This article reports on students' problem-solving approaches across three representations--number lines, coordinate planes, and function graphs--the axes of which conventional mathematics treats in terms of consistent geometric and numeric coordinations. I consider these representations to be a part of a "hierarchical representational…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Graphs, Numbers
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Ni, Yujing; Zhou, Dehui; Li, Xiaoqing; Li, Qiong – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
This study, based on observation of 90 fifth-grade mathematics classes in Chinese elementary schools, examined how the task features, high cognitive demand, multiple representations, and multiple solution methods may relate to classroom discourse. Results indicate that high cognitive demand tasks were associated with teachers' use higher order…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Cognitive Ability, Task Analysis, Mathematics Instruction
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Vasilyeva, Marina; Ganley, Colleen M.; Casey, Beth M.; Dulaney, Alana; Tillinger, Miriam; Anderson, Karen – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
This study explores changes in students' strategies as they solve different types of volume problems. Fifth graders were presented with pictures showing 3D objects and a unit cube; they determined how many cubes made up the object and explained their responses. We examined whether children transferred strategies across problem types, varying in…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Problem Solving, Pictorial Stimuli, Grade 5
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Macedo-Rouet, Monica; Braasch, Jason L. G.; Britt, M. Anne; Rouet, Jean-Francois – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
In two experiments, we examined fourth and fifth graders' comprehension of the source of information in texts presenting controversial issues. In Experiment 1, participants read short texts in which two people presented different arguments regarding an issue. Participants identified who said what and evaluated each source's knowledge of the issue.…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5, Reading Comprehension
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Parnafes, Orit – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
This article presents a theoretical model of the process by which students construct and elaborate explanations of scientific phenomena using visual representations. The model describes progress in the underlying conceptual processes in students' explanations as a reorganization of fine-grained knowledge elements based on the Knowledge in Pieces…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Astronomy, Intuition, Grade 5
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Bolger, Molly S.; Kobiela, Marta; Weinberg, Paul J.; Lehrer, Richard – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
Reasoning about mechanisms is one of the hallmarks of disciplined inquiry in science and engineering, but comparatively little is known about its precursors and development. Children at grades 2 and 5 predicted and explained the motion of simple mechanical systems composed entirely of visible linkages (levers). Students' explanations of device…
Descriptors: Motion, Concept Formation, Grade 2, Logical Thinking
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Herrenkohl, Leslie Rupert; Tasker, Tammy; White, Barbara – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
This article examines the pedagogical practices of two science inquiry teachers and their students using a Web-based system called Web of Inquiry (WOI). There is a need to build a collective repertoire of pedagogical practices that can assist elementary and middle school teachers as they support students to develop a complex model of inquiry based…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, School Culture, Inquiry, Science Instruction
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Van Dooren, Wim; De Bock, Dirk; Verschaffel, Lieven – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
This study builds on two lines of research that have so far developed largely separately: the use of additive methods to solve proportional word problems and the use of proportional methods to solve additive word problems. We investigated the development with age of both kinds of erroneous solution methods. We gave a test containing missing-value…
Descriptors: Numbers, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematical Logic, Problem Solving
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Ding, Meixia; Li, Xiaobao – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
This study examines presentations of the distributive property (DP) in two widely used U.S. elementary text series and one main Chinese text series along three dimensions: problem contexts, typical problem types within each problem context, and variability in using the DP. In general, the two U.S. texts were found to resemble each other but to…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Mathematics Education, Textbooks, Elementary School Mathematics
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