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Vitale, Jonathan M.; Applebaum, Lauren; Linn, Marcia C. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Graphs illustrating complex scientific relationships require students to integrate multiple concepts and visual features into a coherent understanding. We investigate ways to support students in integrating their understanding of density concepts through a graph that is linked to a simulation depicting the relationship between mass, volume, and…
Descriptors: Graphs, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Grade 8
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de Roock, Roberto Santiago; Baildon, Mark – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
There is a great need for interrogating the politics of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) learning at a global level and for STEM literacies that include robust sociopolitical analysis. This article analyzes neoliberal underpinnings of STEM discourse on an online portal created for pedagogic use with primary and secondary…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, STEM Education, Neoliberalism, Citizenship Education
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Davis, Natalie R.; Schaeffer, Janelle – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
The study of water as a K-12 science idea often divorces its properties from its deeply politicized history as a resource that has been limited, compromised, and intentionally withheld from nondominant communities. Although a robust body of scholarship has aptly critiqued decontextualized and depoliticized pedagogies and called for critical…
Descriptors: Water Pollution, Elementary School Science, Science Instruction, Political Issues
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Shah, Niral; Lewis, Colleen M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Research on collaborative learning has focused on its potential to foster successful problem solving. Less attention, though, has been given to issues of equity. In this article, we investigate how inequity can become amplified and attenuated within collaborative learning through small interactional moves that accumulate to produce broader…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Computer Science Education, Student Participation, Elementary School Students
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Morra, Sergio; Bisagno, Elisa; Caviola, Sara; Delfante, Chiara; Mammarella, Irene Cristina – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article reconsiders Case's theory of central conceptual structures (CCS), examining the relation between working memory and the acquisition of quantitative CCS. The lead hypothesis is that the development of working memory capacity shapes the development of quantitative concepts (whole and rational numbers). Study I, with 779 children from…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Concept Formation, Children, Early Adolescents
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Levin, Mariana – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article elaborates a new direction for studying the construction of novel strategies that enables researchers to model the conceptual underpinnings of students' observable strategic actions during episodes of mathematical problem solving. The nature of the relationship between conceptual and procedural knowledge has been persistently debated…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Algebra, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Harlow, Danielle B.; Dwyer, Hilary A.; Hansen, Alexandria K.; Iveland, Ashley O.; Franklin, Diana M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article integrates an ecological approach and design-based research in computer science education research by following the simultaneous development of a computer programming environment and curriculum for elementary school age children over 2-1/2 years. We studied the alignment of the affordances provided by the programming environment and…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Elementary School Students, Programming, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique)
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Whitacre, Ian; Rumsey, Chepina – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article contributes to the research literature concerning prospective elementary teachers' mathematical thinking and learning with a focus on flexibility. We present a case study of a prospective elementary teachers' development of flexibility in mental addition and subtraction during a Number and Operations course. Building upon the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Social Influences, Preservice Teachers, Elementary Education
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Luna, Melissa J. – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Efforts toward improving K-12 science education emphasize teachers noticing students' thinking as they engage in disciplinary practices and reasoning. This noticing requires specialized teacher knowledge and skills as it involves attending to students' ideas, as well as making sense of and responding to those ideas so that the disciplinary…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Teachers, Science Instruction
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Ma, Jasmine Y. – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study interrogates the contributions of multi-party, whole-body interactions to students' collaboration and negotiation of mathematics ideas in a task setting called walking scale geometry, where bodies in interaction became complex resources for students' emerging goals in problem solving. Whole bodies took up overlapping roles representing…
Descriptors: Human Body, Interaction, Cooperative Learning, Mathematics Instruction
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Kainulainen, Mikko; McMullen, Jake; Lehtinen, Erno – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Difficulties with rational numbers have been explained by a natural number bias, where concepts of natural numbers are inappropriately applied to rational numbers. Overcoming this difficulty may require a radical restructuring of previous knowledge. In order to capture this development, we examined third- to fifth-grade students' understanding of…
Descriptors: Numbers, Foreign Countries, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Grotzer, Tina A.; Derbiszewska, Katarzyna; Solis, S. Lynneth – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Research has focused on students' difficulties understanding phenomena in which agency is distributed across actors whose individual-level behaviors converge to result in collective outcomes. Building on Levy and Wilensky (2008), this study identified features of distributed causality students understand and that may offer affordances for…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Grade 6, Interviews, Pretests Posttests
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Hawes, Zachary; Moss, Joan; Caswell, Beverly; Naqvi, Sarah; MacKinnon, Sharla – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study describes the implementation and effects of a 32-week teacher-led spatial reasoning intervention in K-2 classrooms. The intervention targeted spatial visualization skills as an integrated feature of regular mathematics instruction. Compared to an active control group, children in the spatial intervention demonstrated gains in spatial…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Geometry
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Sun, Jingjng; Anderson, Richard C.; Perry, Michelle; Lin, Tzu-Jung – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Social skills involved in leadership were examined in a problem-solving activity in which 252 Chinese 5th-graders worked in small groups on a spatial-reasoning puzzle. Results showed that students who engaged in peer-managed small-group discussions of stories prior to problem solving produced significantly better solutions and initiated…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Cooperative Learning
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Ghousseini, Hala – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study addresses how rehearsals of teaching could support teachers in developing mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT). The analysis of 30 rehearsals, from elementary methods courses in 3 teacher education programs, attends to what novice teachers and teacher educators did in rehearsal that enlisted MKT. The findings elaborate the tasks…
Descriptors: Knowledge Base for Teaching, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Methods Courses
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