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Showing 1 to 15 of 36 results Save | Export
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White, Tobin – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article analyzes an episode of classroom mathematics activity mediated by graphing technology from 3 different theoretical perspectives. An important line of research in the learning sciences focuses on graphs as "inscriptions", foregrounding learners' interactions with and around the material properties of graphical displays.…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Teaching Methods
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Vieira, Camilo; Magana, Alejandra J.; Roy, Anindya; Falk, Michael L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Creating explanations is an important process for students, not only to make connections between novel information and background knowledge, but also to be able to communicate their understanding of any given topic. This article explores students' explanations in the context of computational science and engineering, an important interdisciplinary…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Comprehension, Computation, Programming
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Peskin, Joan; Ellenbogen, Beverly – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
To identify expert poets' cognitive processes as they compose poetry, we asked 10 expert poets and 10 novice writers of poetry to think aloud as they composed a poem. Compared to the novices, expert poets revealed an associative playfulness and surrendering of consciousness, similar to that shown in research on general creativity in domains such…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Poetry, Protocol Analysis, Expertise
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Steier, Rolf; Kersting, Magdalena – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Though we live in a 4-dimensional universe, our minds and bodies are not particularly good at perceiving and depicting 4 dimensions. This study contributes to our understanding of collaboration with abstract concepts by examining particular activities where bodily and experiential understandings may conflict with the conceptual domain.…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Imagination, Secondary School Science, Secondary School Students
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Smith, Mark; Breakstone, Joel; Wineburg, Sam – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article reports a validity study of History Assessments of Thinking (HATs), which are short, constructed-response assessments of historical thinking. In particular, this study focuses on aspects of cognitive validity, which is an examination of whether assessments tap the intended constructs. Think-aloud interviews with 26 high school…
Descriptors: History, History Instruction, Thinking Skills, Multiple Choice Tests
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Santiago, Maribel – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article explores how a curricular intervention that merges antiessentialist historical content and historical inquiry plays a role in how students complicate the narrative of racial progress. The 3-day curricular intervention centers on "Mendez v. Westminster," a case about 1940s Mexican American school segregation. The content and…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Inquiry, Racial Bias, Curriculum
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Alonzo, Alicia C.; Elby, Andrew – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
As scientific models of student thinking, learning progressions (LPs) have been evaluated in terms of one important, but limited, criterion: fit to empirical data. We argue that LPs are not empirically adequate, largely because they rely on problematic assumptions of theory-like coherence in students' thinking. Through an empirical investigation…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Physics, Models, Learning Processes
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Vitale, Jonathan M.; Applebaum, Lauren; Linn, Marcia C. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Graphs illustrating complex scientific relationships require students to integrate multiple concepts and visual features into a coherent understanding. We investigate ways to support students in integrating their understanding of density concepts through a graph that is linked to a simulation depicting the relationship between mass, volume, and…
Descriptors: Graphs, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Grade 8
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Radoff, Jennifer; Jaber, Lama Ziad; Hammer, David – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
We study the case of Marya, a freshman engineering major who showed and spoke of a drastic shift in her feelings and approach to learning physics during an introductory course. For the first several weeks, she was anxiously manipulating equations without considering physical meaning, and she was terribly worried about being correct. By the end of…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Engineering Education, Physics, Science Instruction
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David, Samuel S.; Pacheco, Mark B.; Jiménez, Robert T. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This study examined how middle-grades language arts teachers learned to integrate a small-group collaborative translation activity into their teaching practice. We discuss what we call "pedagogical translation" as an emergent social practice, in which translation routines that are familiar to multilingual students may be leveraged toward…
Descriptors: Language Teachers, Middle School Teachers, Cooperative Learning, Group Activities
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de Roock, Roberto Santiago; Baildon, Mark – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
There is a great need for interrogating the politics of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) learning at a global level and for STEM literacies that include robust sociopolitical analysis. This article analyzes neoliberal underpinnings of STEM discourse on an online portal created for pedagogic use with primary and secondary…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, STEM Education, Neoliberalism, Citizenship Education
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Herrenkohl, Leslie Rupert; Lee, Jiyoung; Kong, Fan; Nakamura, Susie; Imani, Kimia; Nasu, Kari; Hartman, Ansel; Pennant, Benjamin; Tran, Elisa; Wang, Everet; Eslami, Noushyar Panahpour; Whittlesey, Daniel; Whittlesey, David; Huynh, Tri Minh; Jung, Allen; Batalon, Chris; Bell, Adam; Headrick Taylor, Katie – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Previous research demonstrates that social and interpersonal factors, more than academic preparation, affect decisions by under-represented students to stay in or to leave STEM fields. Yet, much of the theorizing about STEM learning in higher education begins with conceptual and epistemological dimensions. We make the case for a new theoretical…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Undergraduate Students, Minority Group Students, Mentors
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Agarwal, Priyanka; Sengupta-Irving, Tesha – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Engle and Conant's "productive disciplinary engagement" (PDE) framework has significantly advanced the study of learning in mathematics and science. This artilce revisits PDE through the lens of critical education research. Our analysis synthesizes two themes of power: "epistemic diversity," and "historicity and…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disciplines, Learner Engagement, Mathematics, Sciences
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Buenrostro, Patricia M.; Radinsky, Josh – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Critical math and science educators have argued for pedagogies that focus on equity, social justice, and the identities of learners. To inform debates about the purposes and values of math and science pedagogy, we need to better understand how different kinds of curriculum and instruction are taken up by learners over time. This study examines the…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Social Justice, Equal Education
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Davis, Natalie R.; Schaeffer, Janelle – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
The study of water as a K-12 science idea often divorces its properties from its deeply politicized history as a resource that has been limited, compromised, and intentionally withheld from nondominant communities. Although a robust body of scholarship has aptly critiqued decontextualized and depoliticized pedagogies and called for critical…
Descriptors: Water Pollution, Elementary School Science, Science Instruction, Political Issues
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