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Williams-Boyd, Pat – Childhood Education, 2005
In this article, the author describes the four characteristics of effective middle schools: (1) Academic excellence; (2) Developmental responsiveness; (3) Social equity; and (4) Organizational Structure. An effective middle school should be a place of learning guided by people who have chosen to work with young adolescents, help them develop…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Early Adolescents, Educational Quality, Middle School Teachers
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O'Brien, Leigh M. – Childhood Education, 1993
Discusses the inherent inequalities of the child-care and education system in the United States, in which the middle and upper classes have access to well-funded private and community institutions, while the lower class has to make do with substandard and compensatory programs, such as Head Start, which are often poorly funded. (MDM)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Children, Day Care, Early Childhood Education